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UNITED STATES

 

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

FORM 6-K 

 

REPORT OF FOREIGN PRIVATE ISSUER

 

PURSUANT TO RULE 13a-16 OR 15d-16

OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

Dated: September 7, 2023

Commission File No. 001-33311

 

 

 

 

NAVIOS MARITIME HOLDINGS INC.  

  

 

Strathvale House, 90 N Church Street,

 

P.O. Box 309, Grand Cayman,

 

KY1-1104 Cayman Islands

 

(Address of Principal Executive Offices)

 

 

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant files or will file annual reports under cover Form 20-F or Form 40-F:

 

Form 20-F   Form 40-F

 

 

The information contained in this Report on Form 6-K (this “Report”) is incorporated by reference into the Registration Statements on Form S-8, File No. 333-147186, 333-202141 and 333-222002, and the related prospectuses.

 

  

 

Operating and Financial Review and Prospects

The following is a discussion of the financial condition and results of operations of Navios Maritime Holdings Inc. (“Navios Holdings” or the “Company”) for the three- and six-month periods ended June 30, 2023 and 2022. Navios Holdings’ financial statements have been prepared in accordance with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles in the United States of America (“U.S. GAAP”). You should read this section together with the consolidated financial statements and the accompanying notes included in Navios Holdings’ Annual Report on Form 20-F for the year ended December 31, 2022 filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) and the unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements and the accompanying notes included elsewhere in this Report.

This Report contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. All statements herein other than statements of historical fact, including statements regarding business and industry prospects or future results of operations or financial position, should be considered forward-looking. These forward-looking statements are based on Navios Holdings’ current expectations and observations. Factors that could cause actual results to differ materially include, but are not limited to risks, relating to: global and regional economic and political conditions; changes in production or demand for the transportation or storage of grain and mineral commodities and petroleum products; the planned development of the Port Murtinho Terminal and Nueva Palmira Free Zone port terminal facilities by Navios South American Logistics Inc. (“Navios Logistics”), a consolidated subsidiary of the Company; the ability and willingness of charterers to fulfill their obligations to the affiliates in which we are invested; prevailing charter rates; drydocking and repairs; changing vessel crews and availability of financing; potential disruption of shipping routes due to accidents, wars, diseases, pandemics, political events, piracy or acts by terrorists, including the impact of global pandemics; the aging of our affiliates’ fleets and resultant increases in operating costs; loss by an affiliate of any customer or charter or vessel; the financial condition of our affiliates’ customers; changes in the availability and costs of funding due to conditions in the bank markets, capital markets and other factors; increases in costs and expenses related to the operation of vessels of our affiliates, including but not limited to: crew wages, insurance, provisions, port expenses, lube oil, bunkers, repairs, maintenance, and general and administrative expenses; the expected cost of, and the ability to comply with, governmental regulations and maritime self-regulatory organization standards, as well as standard regulations imposed by charterers; competitive factors in the markets in which we and our affiliates operate; our affiliates’ ability to make distributions and dividends to us; the value of our subsidiaries and affiliates, and risks associated with operations outside the United States.

Other factors that could cause our actual results to differ from our current expectations and observations include, but are not limited to, those discussed under Part I, Item 3D — Risk Factors in Navios Holdings’ Annual Report on Form 20-F for the year ended December 31, 2022. We caution readers of this Report not to place undue reliance on the forward-looking statements, which reflect our view only as of the date of this document. These statements are not guarantees of future performance and are subject to certain risks, uncertainties and other factors, some of which are beyond our control, are difficult to predict and could cause actual results to differ materially from those expressed or forecasted in the forward-looking statements. We do not undertake any obligation to publicly update or revise any forward-looking statement to reflect changes in assumptions, the occurrence of unanticipated events, changes in future operating results over time, or otherwise.

 

Overview

General

Navios Holdings owns (i) a controlling equity stake in Navios Logistics, one of the largest infrastructure and logistics companies in the Hidrovia region of South America; and (ii) an interest in Navios Maritime Partners L.P. (“Navios Partners”) (NYSE:NMM), an international shipping company, listed on the New York Stock Exchange, that owns and operates dry cargo and tanker vessels.

In September 2022, Navios Holdings completed the sale of its 36-vessel dry bulk fleet for consideration consisting of cash and the assumption of bank debt and finance leases related to the vessels, and subject to a working capital adjustment at closing (the “Transaction”), to Navios Partners. The former dry bulk vessel operations were historically a separate reportable segment of the Company. Subsequent to the closing of the Transaction, the results of the dry bulk vessel operations are reported as discontinued operations for all periods presented.

Navios Logistics

Navios Logistics, a consolidated subsidiary of the Company, was incorporated under the laws of the Republic of the Marshall Islands on December 17, 2007. Navios Logistics believes it is one of the largest infrastructure and logistics companies in the Hidrovia region river system, the main navigable river system in the region, and on the cabotage trades along the southeastern coast of South America. Navios Logistics operates with three reportable segments: the Port Terminal Business, the Cabotage Business and the Barge Business.

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Port Terminal Business 

Navios Logistics owns three port storage and transfer facilities: a grain port terminal (the “Grain Port Terminal”), which supports agricultural and forest-related exports; an iron ore port terminal (the “Iron Ore Port Terminal”), which supports mineral-related exports; and a liquid port terminal (the “Liquid Port Terminal”), which provides tank storage for refined petroleum products. The Grain Port Terminal and the Iron Port Terminal are located in Nueva Palmira, Uruguay, and the Liquid Port Terminal is located in San Antonio, Paraguay. Since October 2022, Navios Logistics has been providing bunkering services using floating storage capacity in the port of Nueva Palmira. The Navios Logistics port facilities in Nueva Palmira have a total static grain-storage capacity of 460,000 metric tons, and a mineral-ore-stockpile capacity of 1,246,000 tons following the completion of a new stockpile area in the second quarter of 2023. The Liquid Port Terminal has a total static storage capacity of 65,660 cubic meters. The Grain Port Terminal, together with the Iron Ore Terminal, may be collectively referred to in this report as our “Dry Port Terminals.”

Cabotage Business

Navios Logistics owns and operates ocean-going vessels to support the transportation needs of its customers in the South American coastal-trade business. Its fleet consists of five ocean-going product tanker vessels and one river and estuary tanker vessel. Navios Logistics contracts its vessels either on a time charter basis or on a contract of affreightment (“CoA”) basis.

Barge Business

Navios Logistics services the Argentine, Bolivian, Brazilian, Paraguayan and Uruguayan river transportation markets through its fleet of 301 vessels in its Barge Business, including 30 pushboats and 271 barges. Navios Logistics operates different types of pushboats and wet and dry barges for delivering a wide range of dry and liquid products between ports in the Parana, Paraguay and Uruguay River systems in South America (the Hidrovia or the “waterway”). Navios Logistics typically contracts its vessels either on a time charter basis or on a CoA basis. Navios Logistics provides transportation for dry cargo (cereals, cotton pellets, soybeans, wheat, limestone (clinker), mineral iron, and rolling stones), liquid cargo (hydrocarbons such as crude oil, gas oil, naphtha, fuel oil and vegetable oils) and liquefied cargo (liquefied petroleum gas or “LPG”). 

As of June 30, 2023 and December 31, 2022, Navios Holdings owned 63.8% of Navios Logistics’ stock.

Navios Partners - Affiliate Company (Not Consolidated under Navios Holdings)

Navios Partners is an international owner and operator of dry cargo and tanker vessels and is engaged in the seaborne transportation services of a wide range of liquid and dry cargo commodities. Types of commodities Navios Partners transports include crude oil, refined petroleum, chemicals, iron ore, coal, grain, fertilizer and containers. Navios Partners charters its vessels under short-, medium-, and longer-term charters.

As of both June 30, 2023 and December 31, 2022, Navios Holdings had a 10.3% ownership interest in Navios Partners. Incentive distribution rights are held by a consolidated subsidiary of Navios Holdings.

Fleet

Following the completion of the Transaction (as defined herein), the current core fleet of the Company consists of the Navios Logistics fleet.

Navios Logistics’ Fleet

The following is the current core fleet of Navios Logistics as presented in Navios Logistics’ Current Report on Form 6-K for the period ended June 30, 2023, filed with SEC on September 7, 2023:

Pushboats/ Barges

 

Number of Vessels

 

Capacity/BHP

 

Description

Pushboat Fleet   30   107,920 BHP   Various Sizes and Horsepower
Dry Barges   212   404,550 DWT   Dry Cargo
Tank Barges   56   173,229 m3   Liquid Cargo
LPG Barges   3   4,752 m3   LPG
Total   301        

 

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Product Tanker Fleet*

 

Year Built

 

DWT

 

Description

Estefania H   2008   12,000   Double-hulled Product Tanker
Makenita H   2009   17,508   Double-hulled Product Tanker
Sara H   2009   9,000   Double-hulled Product Tanker
San San H   2010   16,871   Double-hulled Product Tanker
Ferni H   2010   16,871   Double-hulled Product Tanker
Elena H   2018   4,999   Double-hulled Product Tanker
Total       77,249    

 

* In August 2023, Navios Logistics completed the sale of the vessel He Man H. For additional information on the sale of He Man H, please see Note 4 “Vessels, port terminals and other fixed assets, net” included elsewhere in this Report.

Factors Affecting Navios Holdings’ Results of Operations

Navios Holdings believes the principal factors that will affect its future results of operations are the economic, regulatory, political and governmental conditions that affect the shipping and logistics industry generally and that affect conditions in countries and markets in which its affiliates engage in business. Please see “Item 3. Key Information — D. Risk Factors” included in Navios Holdings’ Annual Report on Form 20-F for the year ended December 31, 2022 filed with the SEC for a discussion of certain risks inherent in their businesses.

 

Chartering Arrangements

Navios Logistics continually monitors developments in the shipping industry and makes decisions based on an individual vessel and segment basis, as well as on its view of overall market conditions, in order to implement its business strategy. In its Barge Business, Navios Logistics typically operates under a mix of time charters and CoAs (some of which have minimum guaranteed volumes) and spot contracts. In the Cabotage Business, Navios Logistics typically operates under time charters with terms in excess of one year. Some of its charters provide fixed pricing, minimum volume requirements, and adjustment formulas for labor cost and fuel price.

 

Contract Rates

The shipping and logistics industry has been highly volatile. In order to maximize the utilization of Navios Logistics fleet and storage capacity, Navios Logistics must be able to renew the contracts that employ its fleet and ports upon the expiration or termination of current contracts. This ability depends mainly upon economic conditions in the economic sectors in which the vessels, barges and pushboats operate, changes in the supply and demand for vessels, barges and pushboats, and changes in the supply and demand for the transshipment and storage of commodities.

Seasonality

Certain of Navios Logistics’ businesses have seasonality aspects, and seasonality affects the results of its operations and revenues, particularly in the first and last quarters of each year. The high season for the Dry Port Terminals’ Uruguayan operations occurs from April to September and is linked to the South American harvest and the arrival of barges down the river. The high season for the Barge Business is between February and July as a result of the South American harvest and higher river levels. During the South American late spring and summer, mainly from November to January, when the low water level in the northern Hidrovia waterway could adversely affect operations of the Barge Business and the volumes it transports. To the extent water levels are insufficient to accommodate the draft of a heavily laden vessel, a vessel may be only partially loaded, generating lower revenue under agreements where revenue is based on volume of cargo loaded. If water levels on a waterway are too low, vessels could be prevented entirely from loading and navigating. In addition, low water levels create difficult navigation conditions, causing voyages to last longer resulting in increased voyage expenses. Such circumstances reduce the effective available carrying capacity of the vessel for the year. The Liquid Port Terminal and the Cabotage Business are not significantly affected by seasonality as their operations are primarily linked to refined petroleum products, and thus not significantly affected by water levels.

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Period over Period Comparisons

For the Three-Month Period Ended June 30, 2023 Compared to the Three-Month Period Ended June 30, 2022

The following table presents consolidated revenue and expense information for the three-month periods ended June 30, 2023 and 2022, respectively. This information was derived from the unaudited interim condensed consolidated statement of comprehensive income of Navios Holdings for the respective periods. Following the closing of the Transaction (as defined herein), the results of the dry bulk vessel operations have been reported as discontinued operations for all periods presented. Additionally, following the Company’s change in accounting policy on foreign exchange differences, the foreign exchange gains and losses are presented in the same line item as the underlying transaction for each period presented. See “—Critical Accounting Policies.”

(in thousands of U.S. dollars)  

Three Month Period Ended

June 30, 2023

(unaudited) 

 

Three Month Period Ended

June 30 2022

(unaudited)

Revenue   $ 81,898   $ 69,185
Time charter, voyage and logistics business expenses     (23,896)     (18,705)
Direct vessel expenses     (22,039)     (18,605)
General and administrative expenses     (6,983)     (4,782)
Depreciation and amortization     (7,916)     (8,127)
Interest expense and finance cost, net     (16,293)     (16,060)
Impairment loss/loss on sale of vessel     (1,651)    
Other (expense)/income, net     (169)   2,647
Income before equity in net earnings of affiliate companies   $ 2,951   $ 5,553
Equity in net earnings of affiliate companies     15,210     13,160
Income before taxes   $ 18,161   $ 18,713
Income tax expense     (1,143)     (368)
Net income from continuing operations   $ 17,018   $ 18,345
Net income from discontinued operations         28,933
Net income   $ 17,018 $ 47,278
Less: Net income attributable to the noncontrolling interest     (1,538)     (2,318)
Net income attributable to Navios Holdings common stockholders   $ 15,480   $ 44,960

 

Revenue: Revenue from continuing operations was $81.9 million for the three-month period ended June 30, 2023, as compared to $69.2 million for the same period in 2022. The increase was mainly attributable to (i) a $7.3 million increase in revenue from the Barge Business, mainly attributable to time charter-out contracts that were in place for iron ore transportation; and (ii) $6.7 million attributable to the sale of fuel products in connection with the bunkering services in the port of Nueva Palmira. The overall increase was partially mitigated by (i) a $1.1 million decrease in revenue from the Port Terminal Business, mainly attributable to the Grain Port Terminal as a result of lower grain throughput from a decline in Uruguayan exports, partially mitigated by higher tariffs and volumes transshipped at the Iron Ore Port Terminal; and (ii) a $0.1 million decrease in revenue from the Cabotage Business.

Time Charter, Voyage and Logistics Business Expenses: Time charter, voyage and logistics business expenses from continuing operations increased by $5.2 million, or 27.8%, to $23.9 million for the three-month period ended June 30, 2023, as compared to $18.7 million for the three-month period ended June 30, 2022.The increase was mainly due to (i) a $6.1 million increase in cost of products sold, mainly attributable to an increase in fuel products sold in connection with the bunkering services in the port of Nueva Palmira; and (ii) a $2.2 million increase in port terminal expenses of the Port Terminal Business, mainly due to higher volumes transshipped in the Iron Ore Port Terminal. The overall increase was partially mitigated by (i) a $2.9 million decrease in in time charter and voyage expenses of the Barge Business, due to decreased bunker consumption and other voyage expenses resulting from the time charter-out contracts in place for iron ore transportation during the current period; and (ii) a $0.1 million decrease in time charter and voyage expenses of the Cabotage Business.

Direct Vessel Expenses: Direct vessel expenses from continuing operations increased overall by $3.4 million, or 18.5%, to $22.0 million for the three-month period ended June 30, 2023, as compared to $18.6 million for the three-month period ended June 30, 2022. The increase was mainly due to (i) a $2.7 million increase in direct vessel expenses of the Barge Business due to increased payroll and repairs and maintenance; and (ii) a $0.7 million increase in direct vessel expenses of the Cabotage Business.

General and Administrative Expenses: General and administrative expenses from continuing operations increased by $2.2 million to $7.0 million for the three-month period ended June 30, 2023, as compared to $4.8 million for the three-month period ended June 30, 2022. The increase was mainly attributable to (i) a $1.2 million increase in general and administrative expenses related to Navios Logistics, due to an increase in professional fees, salaries and travel expenses; and (ii) a $1.0 million increase in general and administrative expenses related to Navios Holdings for continuing operations. For each of the three-month periods ended June 30, 2023 and 2022, general and administrative expenses related to Navios Holdings for continuing operations, under the Administrative Services Agreement (as defined herein), amounted to $0.1 million.

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Depreciation and Amortization:  For the three-month period ended June 30, 2023, depreciation and amortization from continuing operations decreased by $0.2 million to $7.9 million as compared to $8.1 million for the three-month period ended June 30, 2022.

Interest Expense and Finance Cost, Net: Interest expense and finance cost, net increased by $0.2 million, or 1.5%, to $16.3 million for the three-month period ended June 30, 2023, as compared to $16.1 million for the same period in 2022. This increase was mainly due to a $0.6 million increase in interest expense and finance cost, net, from Navios Holdings’ continuing operations, mainly due the 4% PIK interest on the Convertible Debenture (as defined herein). The overall decrease was mitigated by a $0.4 million decrease in interest expenses and finance cost, net of the Logistics Business.

Impairment loss/loss on sale of vessel: Impairment loss/loss on sale of vessel from continuing operations incurred in the three-month period ended June 30, 2023 was $1.7 million as compared to nil for the same period in 2022, due to the sale of He Man H. Please refer to Note 4 “Vessels, Port Terminal and other fixed assets, net” included elsewhere in this Report.

Other (Expense)/Income, Net: Other expense, net from continuing operations increased by $2.8 million, to $0.2 million for the three-month period ended June 30, 2023, as compared to $2.6 million other income, net for the same period in 2022. This increase was mainly due to a $3.2 million increase in other expense, net of the Logistics Business mainly due to (i) a $3.3 million increase in other expense in the Barge Business; (ii) a $0.4 million increase in other expense in the Port Terminal Business; and (iii) a $0.4 million decrease in other expense, net in the Cabotage Business. The overall increase was mitigated by a $0.4 million increase in other income, net from Navios Holdings’ continuing operations.

Equity in Net Earnings of Affiliate Companies: Equity in net earnings of affiliate companies increased by $2.0 million, to $15.2 million for the three-month period ended June 30, 2023, as compared to $13.2 million for the same period in 2022, mainly due to increase in equity method income from Navios Partners.

Income Tax Expense: Income tax expense increased by $0.8 million to $1.1 million expense for the three-month period ended June 30, 2023, as compared to $0.4 million for the same period in 2022. The total change in income tax was attributable to Navios Logistics due to a $0.9 million increase in income tax expense of the Cabotage Business partially mitigated by a $0.1 million decrease in income tax expense of the Barge Business.

 

Net income from discontinued operations: Net income from discontinued operations was $28.9 million for the three-month period ended June 30, 2022.

An analysis of the amounts recorded in respect of discontinued operations in the three-month period ended June 30, 2022 is presented as follows:

   

Three Month Period Ended

June 30, 2022

Revenue  $ 90,037
Time charter, voyage and logistics business expenses   (17,210)
Direct vessel expenses   (11,246)
General and administrative expenses   (4,607)
Depreciation and amortization   (6,639)
Interest expense and finance cost, net   (19,328)
Loss on bond extinguishment, net   (106)
Other expense, net   (1,948)
Income tax expense   (20)
Net income from discontinued operations  $ 28,933

Net Income Attributable to the Noncontrolling Interest: Net income attributable to the noncontrolling interest decreased by $0.8 million to $1.5 million for the three-month period ended June 30, 2023, as compared to $2.3 million for the same period in 2022. This decrease was mainly due to a decrease in net income of the Logistics Business for the three-month period ended June 30, 2023, as compared to the same period in 2022.

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For the Six-Month Period Ended June 30, 2023 Compared to the Six-Month Period Ended June 30, 2022

The following table presents consolidated revenue and expense information for the six-month periods ended June 30, 2023 and 2022, respectively. This information was derived from the unaudited interim condensed consolidated statement of comprehensive income of Navios Holdings for the respective periods. Following the closing of the Transaction (as defined herein), the results of the dry bulk vessel operations have been reported as discontinued operations for all periods presented. Additionally, following the Company’s change in accounting policy on foreign exchange differences, the foreign exchange gains and losses are presented in the same line item as the underlying transaction for each period presented. See “—Critical Accounting Policies.”

 

   

Six Month Period Ended

June 30, 2023

Six Month Period Ended

June 30, 2022

(in thousands of U.S. dollars)   (unaudited)   (unaudited)
Revenue   $ 147,310   $ 128,339 
Time charter, voyage and logistics business expenses     (39,768)     (33,146)
Direct vessel expenses     (39,825)     (35,530)
General and administrative expenses     (12,363)     (8,829)
Depreciation and amortization     (15,657)     (16,073)
Interest expense and finance cost, net     (32,807)     (31,842)
Impairment loss/loss on sale of vessel     (1,651)    
Other income/(expense), net     (3,237)     1,204
Non-operating other finance cost         (24,000)
Income/(loss) before equity in net earnings of affiliate companies   $ 2,002   $ (19,877)
Equity in net earnings of affiliate companies     31,297     22,958
Income before taxes   $ 33,299   $ 3,081
Income tax expense     (1,408)     (301)
Net income/(loss) from continuing operations   $ 31,891   $ 2,780
Net income from discontinued operations         39,370
Net income   $ 32,891   $ 42,150
Less: Net income attributable to the noncontrolling interest     (1,946)     (2,190)
Net income attributable to Navios Holdings common stockholders   $ 29,945   $ 39,960

Revenue: Revenue from continuing operations was $147.3 million for the six-month period ended June 30, 2023, as compared to $128.3 million for the same period in 2022. The increase was mainly attributable to (i) a $10.3 million increase in revenue from the Barge Business, mainly attributable to time charter-out contracts that were in place for iron ore transportation; (ii) a $7.9 increase in revenue million attributable to the sale of fuel products in connection with the bunkering services in the port of Nueva Palmira; (iii) a $0.7 million increase in revenue from the Port Terminal Business due to higher tariffs and volumes transshipped at the Iron Ore Port Terminal partially mitigated by the lower grain throughput in the Grain Port Terminal related to a decline in Uruguayan exports; and (iv) a $0.1 million increase in revenue from the Cabotage Business.

Time Charter, Voyage and Logistics Business Expenses: Time charter, voyage and logistics business expenses from continuing operations increased by $6.6 million, or 20.0%, to $39.8 million for the six-month period ended June 30, 2023, as compared to $33.1 million for the six-month period ended June 30, 2022. The increase was mainly due to (i) a $7.1 million increase in cost of products sold, mainly attributable to an increase in fuel products sold in connection with the bunkering services in the port of Nueva Palmira; and (ii) a $3.6 million increase in port terminal expenses of the Port Terminal Business, mainly due to higher volumes transshipped in the Iron Ore Port Terminal. The overall increase was partially mitigated by (i) a $3.7 million decrease in in time charter and voyage expenses of the Barge Business, due to decreased bunker consumption and other voyage expenses resulting from the time charter-out contracts in place for iron ore transportation during the current period; and (ii) a $0.4 million decrease in time charter and voyage expenses of the Cabotage Business.

Direct Vessel Expenses: Direct vessel expenses from continuing operations increased by $4.3 million, or 12.1%, to $39.8 million for the six-month period ended June 30, 2023, as compared to $35.5 million for the same period in 2022. The increase was mainly attributable to (i) a $3.5 million increase in direct vessel expenses of the Barge Business due to increased payroll and repairs and maintenance; and (ii) a $0.8 million increase in direct vessel expenses of the Cabotage Business.

 

General and Administrative Expenses: General and administrative expenses from continuing operations increased by $3.5 million to $12.4 million for the six-month period ended June 30, 2023, as compared to $8.8 million for the six-month period ended June 30, 2022. The increase was mainly attributable to (i) a $2.4 million increase in general and administrative expenses related to Navios Logistics, due to an increase in professional fees, salaries and travel expenses; and (ii) a $1.1 million increase in general and administrative expenses related to Navios Holdings for continuing operations. For each of the six-month periods ended June 30, 2023 and 2022, general and administrative expenses, related to Navios Holdings for continuing operations, under the Administrative Services Agreement (as defined herein), amounted to $0.3 million.

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Depreciation and Amortization: For the six-month period ended June 30, 2023, depreciation and amortization expense decreased by $0.4 million, or 2.6%, to $15.7 million, as compared to $16.1 million for the same period in 2022.

Interest Expense and Finance Cost, Net: Interest expense and finance cost, net from continuing operations increased by $1.0 million, or 3.0%, to $32.8 million for the six-month period ended June 30, 2023, as compared to $31.8 million in the same period in 2022. This increase was mainly due to a $1.2 million increase in interest expense and finance cost, net, from Navios Holdings’ continuing operations, mainly due the 4% PIK interest on the Convertible Debenture (as defined herein). The overall decrease was mitigated by a $0.3 million decrease in interest expenses and finance cost, net of the Logistics Business.

Impairment loss/loss on sale of vessel: Impairment loss/loss on sale of vessel from continuing operations incurred in the six-month period ended June 30, 2023 was $1.7 million as compared to nil for the same period in 2022, due to the sale of He Man H. Please refer to Note 4 “Vessels, Port Terminal and other fixed assets, net” included elsewhere in this Report.

Other Expense/(Income), Net: Other expense, net from continuing operations increased by $4.4 million, to $3.2 million for the six-month period ended June 30, 2023, as compared to $1.2 million other income, net for the same period in 2022. This increase was mainly due to a $4.2 million increase in other expense, net of the logistics business mainly due to (i) a $3.5 million increase in other expense in the Barge Business; (ii) a $0.5 million increase in other expense in the Port Terminal Business, mainly due to an increase in provision for losses on accounts receivable; and (iii) a $0.2 million increase in other expense, net in the Cabotage Business;.

Non-operating other finance cost: In respect of the NSM Loans (as defined herein), Navios Holdings paid a $24.0 million upfront fee in the form of a Convertible Debenture issued in January 2022. For information on the Convertible Debenture, see Note 9 “Transactions with Related Parties” to the unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements included elsewhere in this Report.

Equity in Net Earnings of Affiliate Companies: Equity in net earnings of affiliate companies increased by $8.3 million to $31.3 million for the six-month period ended June 30, 2023, as compared to $23.0 million for the same period in 2022 due to an increase in equity method income from Navios Partners.

Income Tax Expense: Income tax expense increased by $1.1 million to $1.4 million for the six-month period ended June 30, 2023, as compared to a $0.3 million for the same period in 2022. The increase was mainly due to (i) a $0.8 million increase in income tax expense of the Cabotage Business; and (ii) a $0.3 million increase in income tax expense of the Barge Business.

 

Net income from discontinued operations: Net income from discontinued operations was $39.4 million for the six-month period ended June 30, 2022.

An analysis of the amounts recorded in respect of discontinued operations in the six-month period ended June 30, 2022 is presented as follows:

   

Six Month Period Ended

June 30, 2022

Revenue  $ 158,672
Time charter, voyage and logistics business expenses   (32,260)
Direct vessel expenses   (22,782)
General and administrative expenses   (7,126)
Depreciation and amortization   (13,071)
Interest expense and finance cost, net   (41,111)
Loss on bond extinguishment, net   (221)
Other expense, net   (2,692)
Income tax expense   (39)
Net income from discontinued operations  $ 39,370

Net Income Attributable to the Noncontrolling Interest: Net income attributable to the noncontrolling interest decreased by $0.2 million to $1.9 million for the six-month period ended June 30, 2023, as compared to $2.2 million for the same period in 2022. This decrease was mainly due to a decrease in net income of the Logistics Business for the six-month period ended June 30, 2023, as compared to the same period in 2022.

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Liquidity and Capital Resources

Navios Holdings has historically financed its capital requirements with cash flows from operations, issuances of debt securities and borrowings under bank credit facilities. Main uses of funds have been refinancing of outstanding debt, capital expenditures for the acquisition of new assets, new construction and upgrades at the port terminals and expenditures incurred in connection with ensuring that the owned assets comply with international and regulatory standards. We may from time to time, subject to restrictions under our debt and equity instruments, including limitations on dividends and repurchases under the terms of our preferred stock, depending upon market conditions and financing needs, use available funds to refinance or repurchase our debt or equity in privately negotiated or open market transactions, by tender offer or otherwise, in compliance with applicable laws, rules and regulations, at prices and on terms our management deems appropriate (which may be below par) and subject to our cash requirements for other purposes, compliance with the covenants under our debt agreements, and other factors that our management deems relevant. In addition, Navios Logistics regularly reviews options for refinancing its outstanding indebtedness and opportunities for acquisition of businesses and additional assets, development of new facilities and infrastructure, joint ventures, and other corporate transactions that may be material to it. Generally, sources of funds may be from cash flows from operations, long-term borrowings, other debt or equity financings, proceeds from asset sales, and proceeds from dispositions of our stakes in our investments. We cannot provide any assurance that we will be able to secure adequate financing or obtain additional funds on favorable terms to meet our liquidity needs.

See “Working Capital Position” and “Long-Term Debt Obligations and Credit Arrangements” included elsewhere in this Report for further discussion of our working capital position.

The following table presents cash flow information derived from the unaudited interim condensed consolidated statements of cash flows of Navios Holdings for the six-month periods ended June 30, 2023 and 2022.

   

Six Month Period Ended

June 30, 2023

 

Six Month Period Ended

June 30, 2022

(in thousands of U.S. dollars)   (unaudited)   (unaudited)
Net cash provided by operating activities   $ 27,744   $ 86,093
Net cash used in investing activities     (13,893)     (6,287)
Net cash used in financing activities     (24,002)     (162,711)
Decrease in cash and cash equivalents and restricted cash     (10,151)     (82,905)
Cash and cash equivalents and restricted cash, beginning of period     78,851     137,851
Cash and cash equivalents and restricted cash, end of period   $ 68,700   $ 54,946

 

 

Cash provided by operating activities for the six-month period ended June 30, 2023 and 2022:

Net cash provided by operating activities decreased by $58.3 million to $27.7 million for the six-month period ended June 30, 2032, as compared to $86.1 million for the same period in 2022.

The aggregate adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities was $6.8 million of non-cash adjustments for the six-month period ended June 30, 2023, which consisted mainly of the following adjustments: (i) $15.7 million depreciation and amortization; (ii) $2.9 million amortization of deferred drydock expenses; (iii) $2.1 million amortization of deferred financing costs; (iv) $1.7 million impairment loss; (v) $1.4 million income taxes; and (vi) $0.4 million allowance for credit losses;. These adjustments were partially mitigated by a $31.0 million movement in earnings in affiliate company, net of dividends received.

The net cash inflow resulting from the change in operating assets and liabilities of $2.7 million for the six-month period ended June 30, 2023 resulted from: (i) a $7.1 million decrease in accounts receivable, net; (ii) a $2.4 million increase in interest expense relating to the issuance of the Convertible Debenture, as described elsewhere in this Report; (iii) a $0.2 million decrease in inventories; (iv) a $0.3 million increase in accounts payable; (v) a $0.1 million increase in operating lease liabilities; and (vi) a $0.1 million increase in amounts due to affiliate companies. These were partially mitigated by (i) $4.3 million in payments for drydock and special survey costs; (ii) a $1.8 million increase in prepaid expenses and other assets; (iii) a $0.9 million decrease in deferred revenues; and (iv) a $0.4 million decrease in accrued expenses.

The aggregate adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities was $40.4 million of non-cash adjustments for the six-month period ended June 30, 2022, which consisted mainly of the following adjustments: (i) $29.2 million depreciation and amortization; (ii) $24.0 million non-operating other finance cost relating to the issuance of the Convertible Debenture, as described elsewhere in this Report; (iii) $5.8 million amortization of deferred drydock expenses; (iv) $3.1 million amortization of deferred financing costs; (v) $0.3 million income taxes; (vi) $0.3 million allowance for credit losses; (vii) $0.2 million loss on bond extinguishment, net; and (viii) $0.1 million relating to stock-based compensation. These adjustments were partially mitigated by a $22.6 million movement in earnings in affiliate companies, net of dividends received.

  9  

 

The net cash inflow resulting from the change in operating assets and liabilities of $3.4 million for the six-month period ended June 30, 2022 resulted from: (i) a $24.1 million increase in due to affiliate companies; (ii) a $23.6 million increase in interest expense relating to the issuance of the Convertible Debenture, as described elsewhere in this Report; and (iii) a $0.1 million increase in deferred revenue. These were partially mitigated by (i) a $17.6 million decrease in accrued expenses; (ii) $6.9 million in payments for drydock and special survey costs; (iii) a $6.2 million increase in accounts receivable, net; (iv) a $6.1 million decrease in accounts payable; (v) a $5.0 million decrease in operating lease liabilities; (vi) a $1.5 million increase in prepaid expenses and other assets; (vii) a $0.9 million decrease in accrued interest payable to affiliate companies; (viii) a $0.1 million increase in inventories; and (ix) a $0.1 million decrease in other long term liabilities.

Cash used in investing activities for the six-month period ended June 30, 2023 and 2022:

Cash used in investing activities was $13.6 million for the six-month period ended June 30, 2023, as compared to $6.3 million for the same period in 2022.

Cash used in investing activities for the six-month period ended June 30, 2023 was the result of: (i) $8.5 million in payments made by Navios Logistics for the acquisition of fixed assets; (ii) $3.3 million in payments made by Navios Logistics for expansion works in the Iron Ore Port Terminal; (iii) $1.2 million in payments made by Navios Logistics for the acquisition of Vimalcor; (iv) $0.9 million in payments made by Navios Logistics for the development of a new liquid terminal in Nueva Palmira; and (v) less than $0.1 million in payments made by Navios Logistics for the development of port operations in Port Murtinho, Brazil. This was partially mitigated by (i) $0.1 million of proceeds made by Navios Logistics related to the disposal of vessels.

Cash used in investing activities for the six-month period ended June 30, 2022 was the result of: (i) $2.7 million in payments made by Navios Logistics for the acquisition of fixed assets; (ii) $2.0 million in deposit payments for the acquisition of the Navios Sky made by Navios Holdings; (iii) $1.6 million in made by Navios Holdings for additions to vessels; and (iv) $0.1 million in payments for the development of Navios Logistics’ port operations in the Port Murtinho region of Brazil.

 

Cash used in financing activities for the six-month period ended June 30, 2023, as compared to cash used in financing activities for the six-month period ended June 30, 2022:

Cash used in financing activities was $24.0 million for the six-month period ended June 30, 2023, as compared to $162.7 million for the same period in 2022.

Cash used in financing activities for the six-months ended June 30, 2023 was the result of (i) $14.0 million in payments made in connection with the Company’s outstanding indebtedness; and (ii) $10.0 million payments in relation to the promissory note to Grimaud.

Cash used in financing activities for the six months ended June 30, 2022 was the result of: (i) $520.5 million in payments made for the repayment of the 2022 Notes and 2022 Senior Secured Notes; (ii) $112.6 million in repayments of loans payable to affiliate companies; (iii) $28.8 million in payments made in connection with Navios Holdings’ outstanding indebtedness; (iv) $28.6 million in payments made in connection with Navios Logistics’ outstanding indebtedness; (v) $1.4 million in payments of deferred financing costs; and (vi) $0.1 million in payments made by Navios Holdings in connection with the finance lease liability. These increases were partially mitigated by receipt of: (i) $262.6 million in proceeds received by the Company in connection with loans payable to affiliate companies; (ii) $206.7 million in proceeds from long term debt borrowed by Navios Holdings; and (iii) $31.0 million in proceeds received by the Company in connection with the three sale and leaseback agreements; and (iv) $29.0 million in proceeds from long term debt borrowed by Navios Logistics.

Adjusted EBITDA: EBITDA represents net income attributable to Navios Holdings’ common stockholders before interest and finance costs, depreciation and amortization and income taxes. Adjusted EBITDA represents EBITDA before stock-based compensation. Adjusted EBITDA is presented because it is used by certain investors to measure a company’s operating performance and is reconciled to net income/(loss), the most comparable U.S. GAAP performance measure. Adjusted EBITDA is calculated as follows: net income/(loss) plus adding back, when applicable and as the case may be, the effect of: (i) depreciation and amortization; (ii) amortization of deferred drydock and special survey costs; (iii) stock-based compensation; (iv) interest expense and finance cost, net; and (v) income tax benefit/(expense). Navios Holdings believes that Adjusted EBITDA is a basis upon which performance can be assessed and represents useful information to investors regarding their ability to incur indebtedness and meet working capital requirements. Navios Holdings also believes that Adjusted EBITDA is used (i) by prospective lessors as well as potential lenders to evaluate potential transactions; (ii) to evaluate and price potential acquisition candidates; and (iii) by securities analysts, investors and other interested parties in the evaluation of companies in our industry.

  10  

 

Adjusted EBITDA has limitations as an analytical tool, and therefore, should not be considered in isolation or as a substitute for the analysis of Navios Holdings’ results as reported under U.S. GAAP. Some of these limitations are: (i) Adjusted EBITDA does not reflect changes in, or cash requirements for, working capital needs; (ii) Adjusted EBITDA does not reflect the amounts necessary to service interest or principal payments on our debt and other financing arrangements; and (iii) although depreciation and amortization are non-cash charges, the assets being depreciated and amortized may have to be replaced in the future. Adjusted EBITDA does not reflect any cash requirements for such capital expenditures. Because of these limitations, among others, Adjusted EBITDA should not be considered as a principal indicator of Navios Holdings’ performance. Furthermore, our calculation of Adjusted EBITDA may not be comparable to that reported by other companies due to differences in methods of calculation.

Adjusted EBITDA Reconciliation to Net Income

  Three Month Period Ended 
   

June 30, 2023

 

June 30, 2022

(in thousands of U.S. dollars)   (unaudited) (unaudited)
Net income from continuing operations   $ 15,480   $ 16,027
Depreciation and amortization     7,916     8,127
Amortization of deferred drydock and special survey costs     1,451     1,000
Stock based compensation     22     44
Interest expense and finance cost, net     16,293     16,060
Income tax expense     1,143     368
Adjusted EBITDA   $ 42,305   $ 41,626

 

  Six Month Period Ended 
   

June 30, 2023

 

June 30, 2022

(in thousands of U.S. dollars)   (unaudited)   (unaudited)
Net income from continuing operations   $ 29,945   $ 590
Depreciation and amortization     15,657           16,073
Amortization of deferred drydock and special survey costs     2,911           2,009
Stock based compensation     43     90
Interest expense and finance cost, net     32,807     55,842
Income tax expense     1,408   301
Adjusted EBITDA   $ 82,771   $ 74,905

Adjusted EBITDA from continuing operations for the three-month period ended June 30, 2023 increased by $0.7 million to $42.3 million, as compared to $41.6 million for the same period in 2022. The increase in Adjusted EBITDA was primarily due to: (i) a $12.7 million increase in revenue; (ii) a $2.1 million increase in equity in net earnings from affiliate companies; and (iii) a $0.8 million decrease in net income attributable to noncontrolling interest. This overall increase was partially mitigated by: (i) a $5.2 million increase in time charter, voyage and logistics business expenses; (ii) a $3.0 million increase in direct vessel expenses (excluding the amortization of deferred drydock, special survey costs and other capitalized items); (iii) a $2.8 million increase in other expenses, net; (iv) a $2.2 million increase in general and administrative expenses (excluding stock-based compensation expenses); and (v) a $1.7 million decrease in impairment losses.

Adjusted EBITDA from continuing operations for the six-month period ended June 30, 2023 increased by $7.9 million to $82.8 million, as compared to $74.9 million for the same period in 2022. The increase in Adjusted EBITDA was primarily due to: (i) a $19.0 million increase in revenue; (ii) a $8.3 million increase in equity in net earnings from affiliate companies; and (iii) a $0.2 million decrease in net income attributable to noncontrolling interest. This overall increase was partially mitigated by: (i) a $6.6 million increase in time charter, voyage and logistics business expenses; (ii) a $4.4 million increase in other expenses, net; (iii) a $3.6 million increase in general and administrative expenses (excluding stock-based compensation expenses); (iv) a $3.4 million increase in direct vessel expenses (excluding the amortization of deferred drydock, special survey costs and other capitalized items); and (v) a $1.7 million decrease in impairment losses.

  11  

 

Long-Term Debt Obligations and Credit Arrangements

Navios Holdings' long-term debt obligations and credit arrangements are presented under the captions “Current portion of long-term debt, net”, “Current portion of senior and ship mortgage notes, net”, “Senior and ship mortgage notes, net”, “Long-term debt, net of current portion” and “Convertible debenture payable to affiliate companies”, under current and non-current liabilities in the consolidated statement of financial position, included elsewhere in this Report. As of June 30, 2023 and December 31, 2022, total borrowings, net amounted to $633.2 million and $651.2 million, respectively. The current portion of long-term borrowings, net amounted to $32.0 million at June 30, 2023 and $23.5 million at December 31, 2022. Please refer to our Annual Report on Form 20-F for the year ended December 31, 2022 for a full description of borrowings.

Working Capital Position and Bond Maturity

As of June 30, 2023, Navios Holdings’ current assets totaled $135.4 million, while current liabilities excluding operating lease liabilities totaled $109.8 million, resulting in a positive working capital position of $25.6 million.

Based on internal forecasts and projections that take into account potential changes in the Company’s trading performance and other assets, management believes that the Company has adequate financial resources to continue in operation and meet its financial commitments, including but not limited to capital expenditures and debt service obligations, for a period of at least twelve months from the date of issuance of the unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements. Although internal forecasts and projections are driven by market data and are subject to future volatility along with other factors outside the control of the Company, with the existence of alternative liquidity sources and management’s ability to utilize them if needed, management concludes that the Company has the ability to continue as a going concern as of the date of the issuance of the unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statement.

Capital Expenditures

Navios Logistics

For a full description of Navios Logistics’ capital expenditures, please see Note 4 “Vessels, port terminals and other fixed assets, net” to our unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements included elsewhere in this Report.

 

Dividend Policy

In November 2015, Navios Holdings announced that the Board of Directors decided to suspend the quarterly dividend to its common stockholders. In February 2016, Navios Holdings announced the suspension of payment of quarterly dividends on its preferred stock, including the Series G ADSs and Series H ADSs. The reinstatement, declaration and payment of any further dividend remains subject to the discretion of the Board of Directors and will depend on, among other things, market conditions, Navios Holdings’ cash requirements after taking into account market opportunities, restrictions under its equity instruments, credit agreements, indentures and other debt obligations and such other factors as the Board of Directors may deem advisable.

No dividends were declared or paid during the three-month periods ended June 30, 2023 and 2022.

Concentration of Credit Risk

 

Accounts receivable, net

Concentration of credit risk with respect to accounts receivables is limited due to Navios Holdings’ large number of customers, who are internationally dispersed and have a variety of end markets in which they operate. Due to these factors, management believes that no additional credit risk beyond amounts provided for collection losses is inherent in Navios Holdings’ trade receivables. For the six-month period ended June 30, 2023, Vale International S.A. (“Vale”) and Y.P.F. S.A. (“YPF”), each, accounted for more than 10.0% of the Company’s revenue. For the six-month period ended June 30, 2022, Vale and YPF, each, accounted for more than 10.0% of the Company’s revenue.

In July 2022, Vale announced the closing of the sale of its iron ore, manganese ore and logistics assets in the midwestern system to J&F Mineracao Ltda., an entity controlled by J&F Investimentos S.A. The Vale port contract entered into between Corporacion Navios S.A., a company controlled by Navios Logistics, and Vale, dated September 27, 2013, remains in full force and effect.

Cash deposits with financial institutions

Cash deposits in excess of amounts covered by government-provided insurance are exposed to loss in the event of non-performance by financial institutions. Navios Holdings maintains cash deposits in excess of government-provided insurance limits. Navios Holdings also reduces exposure to credit risk by dealing with a diversified group of major financial institutions.

  12  

 

Effects of Inflation

Navios Holdings does not consider inflation to be a significant risk to the cost of doing business in the foreseeable future. The Company considered various factors in assessing the impact of Argentina’s highly inflationary economy on Navios Logistics, including sales, financing arrangements, working capital, employee salaries, and taxes. The functional currency of the Company’s Argentinian subsidiary is the U.S. dollar and the day-to-day operations of the Company’s Argentinian subsidiary are dependent on the economic environment of the Company’s U.S. dollar currency. As a result, the Company concluded that the highly inflationary economic environment in Argentina would not have a material impact on Navios Logistics’ financial statements and as such, determined not to issue a restatement.

Related Party Transactions

Please see Note 9 “Transactions with Related Parties” to our unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements, included elsewhere in this Report for a full description of related party transactions.

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risks

Navios Holdings is exposed to certain risks related to interest rate, foreign currency and fuel price inflation rates.

Interest Rate Risk

Debt Instruments — On June 30, 2023 and December 31, 2022, Navios Holdings had a total of $675.2 million and $686.8 million, respectively, of long-term indebtedness. All of the Company’s debt is U.S. dollar-denominated. The 2024 Notes, the Convertible Debenture, the 2025 Logistics Senior Notes and four of Navios Logistics’ loans bear interest at a fixed rate; the remaining balance of the Company’s long- term indebtedness bears interest at a floating rate.

Changes in interest rates for our floating-rate loan facilities would affect their interest rate and related interest expense. As of June 30, 2023, the outstanding amount of the Company’s floating rate loan facilities was $10.8 million. A change of 100 basis points in the LIBOR or SOFR rate would change interest expense for the six-month period ended June 30, 2023 by $0.1 million.

 

 The interest rate on the 2024 Notes, the Convertible Debenture, the 2025 Logistics Senior Notes and four of Navios Logistics’ loans are fixed and, therefore, changes in interest rates affect their fair value, which as of June 30, 2023 was $664.4 million, but do not affect their related interest expense.

For a detailed discussion of Navios Holdings’ debt instruments refer to the section “Long-Term Debt Obligations and Credit Arrangements” to the unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements included elsewhere in this Report.

Foreign Currency Risk

Our operating results, which are reported in U.S. dollars, may be affected by fluctuations in the exchange rate between the U.S. dollar and other South American currencies. We use the U.S. dollar as our functional and reporting currency. Therefore, revenue and expense accounts are translated into U.S. dollars at the exchange rate in effect at the date of each transaction.

Although Navios Holdings’ revenues are U.S. dollar-based, 51.4% of our expenses from continuing operations related to the Navios Logistics segment are in Uruguayan pesos, Argentinean pesos, Paraguayan guaranies and Brazilian reals. Navios Holdings monitors its Argentine peso, Uruguayan peso, Paraguayan guarani and Brazilian real exposure against long-term currency forecasts and enters into foreign currency contracts from time to time when considered appropriate.

Inflation and Fuel Price Increases

The impact of inflation on prices in the South American countries in which Navios Logistics operates and the effects of the current war in Ukraine may not be fully neutralized by equivalent adjustments in the rate of exchange between the local currencies and the U.S. dollar. Specifically, for its Barge and Cabotage Businesses, Navios Logistics negotiated, and will continue to negotiate, fuel price adjustment clauses; however, in some cases, prices that Navios Logistics pays for fuel are temporarily not aligned with the adjustments that Navios Logistics obtains under its freight contracts.

  13  

 

Critical Accounting Policies

Navios Holdings’ unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with U.S. GAAP. The preparation of these financial statements requires Navios Holdings to make estimates in the application of its accounting policies based on the best assumptions, judgments and opinions of management. Critical accounting policies are those that reflect significant judgments or uncertainties, and potentially result in materially different results under different assumptions and conditions. All significant accounting policies are as described in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 20-F for the year ended December 31, 2022.

During the second quarter of 2023, the Company changed its accounting policy on foreign exchange differences recognized in the unaudited condensed consolidated statements of comprehensive income. Following this change, foreign exchange gains and losses are presented in the same line item as the underlying transaction. Total impact for the six-month periods ended June 30, 2023 and 2022 was $1.8 million and $0.2 million respectively. The impact of the amounts reclassified to each underlying item was not material for all prior periods presented.

Asset Acquisitions: When the Company enters into an acquisition transaction, it determines whether the acquisition transaction is a purchase of an asset or a business based on the facts and circumstances of the transaction. In accordance with Topic 805, Business Combinations, the Company first evaluates whether substantially all of the fair value of the gross assets acquired is concentrated in a single identifiable asset or group of similar identifiable assets (Step 1). If that threshold is met, the set of assets and activities is not a business. If the threshold is not met, the Company evaluates whether the set meets the definition of a business (Step 2). To be considered a business, a set must include an input and a substantive process that together significantly contributes to the ability to create an output. All assets acquired and liabilities assumed in a business combination are measured at their acquisition date fair values. For asset acquisitions, the net assets acquired should be measured following a cost accumulation and allocation model under which the cost of the acquisition is allocated on a relative fair value basis to the qualifying assets acquired. In May 2023, Navios Logistics completed the acquisition of the stock of Vimalcor S.A. (“Vimalcor”) for a purchase price of $1.6 million. The main asset acquired is the right of use of a plot of land in the port of Montevideo (refer to Note 5 and Note 14).

Investments in Equity Securities

Navios Holdings evaluates its investments in Navios Partners on a quarterly basis. Consideration is given to (i) the length of time and the extent to which the fair value of Navios Partners has been less than the carrying value, (ii) the financial condition and near-term prospects of Navios Partners, and (iii) the intent and ability of the Company to retain its investment in Navios Partners for a period of time sufficient to allow for any anticipated recovery in fair value. See also Note 13 “Investments in Affiliate Companies” to the unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements included elsewhere in this Report.

Recent Accounting Pronouncements

The Company’s recent accounting pronouncements are included in the accompanying notes to the unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements included elsewhere in this Report.

 

  14  

 

NAVIOS MARITIME HOLDINGS INC.

 

 

     

Index

  Page
UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS AS AT JUNE 30, 2023 AND DECEMBER 31, 2022   F-2
UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME FOR THE THREE AND SIX MONTH PERIODS ENDED JUNE 30, 2023 AND 2022   F-3
UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS FOR THE SIX MONTH PERIODS ENDED JUNE 30, 2023 AND 2022   F-4
UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CHANGES IN EQUITY FOR THE THREE AND SIX MONTH PERIODS ENDED JUNE 30, 2023 AND 2022   F-5
CONDENSED NOTES TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)   F-6

 

 

 

 

 

  F- 1  

NAVIOS MARITIME HOLDINGS INC.

 

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

 

(Expressed in thousands of U.S. dollars — except share data)

 

  Notes  

June 30, 2023

(unaudited)

 

December 31, 2022

(unaudited)

ASSETS              
Current assets              
Cash and cash equivalents 3, 7   $ 68,690   $ 78,541
Restricted cash 3, 7, 8     10     310
Accounts receivable, net       42,445     46,494
Inventories       10,251     10,468
Prepaid expenses and other current assets       10,099     8,268
Asset held for sale       3,907    
Total current assets, continuing operations       135,402     144,081
Current assets from discontinued operations           3,489
Total current assets       135,402     147,570
Vessels, port terminals and other fixed assets, net 4     488,642     495,919
Investment in affiliate company 7, 9, 13     130,271   99,292
Other long-term assets  8     23,189     19,454
Operating lease assets 14     20,573     11,787
Intangible assets other than goodwill 5     46,103     46,193
Goodwill       104,096     104,096
Total non-current assets       812,874     776,741
Total assets   $ 948,276   $ 924,311
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY              
Current liabilities              
Accounts payable     $ 27,985   $ 21,638
Accrued expenses and other liabilities       42,834     39,852
Deferred income and cash received in advance       4,639     4,271
Operating lease liabilities, current portion 14     2,704     834
Due to affiliate companies 9     2,304     1,642
Current portion of long-term debt, net 6, 7     23,371     23,544
Current portion of promissory note 9         10,000
Current portion of senior and ship mortgage notes, net 6, 7     8,626    
Total current liabilities, continuing operations       112,463     101,781
Current liabilities from discontinued operations           6,082
Total current liabilities       112,463     107,863
Senior and ship mortgage notes, net of current portion 6, 7     490,107     496,608
Long-term debt, net of current portion 6, 7     21,924     35,769
Convertible debenture payable to affiliate companies 6, 9     121,202     118,833
Deferred voyage revenue, non-current portion           1,313
Other long-term liabilities and deferred income       885     927
Operating lease liabilities, net of current portion 14     17,867     10,953
Deferred tax liability       9,803     9,954
Total non-current liabilities       661,788     674,357
Total liabilities       774,251     782,220
Commitments and contingencies 8        
Stockholders’ equity              
Preferred Stock — $0.0001 par value, authorized 1,000,000 shares, 16,988 issued and outstanding as of both June 30, 2023 and December 31, 2022, respectively. 10        
Common stock — $0.0001 par value, authorized 250,000,000 shares, 22,826,450 issued and outstanding as of both June 30, 2023 and December 31, 2022, respectively. 10     2     2
Additional paid-in capital       664,975     664,932
Accumulated deficit       (546,108)     (576,053)
Total Navios Holdings stockholders’ equity       118,869     88,881
Noncontrolling interest       55,156     53,210
Total stockholders’ equity       174,025     142,091
Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity     $ 948,276   $ 924,311

 

 

See unaudited condensed notes to condensed consolidated financial statements

 

  F- 2  

NAVIOS MARITIME HOLDINGS INC.

 

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME

 

(Expressed in thousands of U.S. dollars — except share and per share data)

 

 

 

  Notes  

Three Month Period Ended

June 30, 2023

 

Three Month Period Ended

June 30, 2022

 

Six Month Period Ended

June 30, 2023

 

Six Month Period Ended

June 30, 2022

      (unaudited)   (unaudited)   (unaudited)   (unaudited)
Revenue     $ 81,898   $ 69,185   $ 147,310   $ 128,339
Time charter, voyage and logistics business expenses 9     (23,896)     (18,705)     (39,768)     (33,146)
Direct vessel expenses 9     (22,039)     (18,605)     (39,825)     (35,530)
General and administrative expenses 9     (6,983)     (4,782)     (12,363)   (8,829)
Depreciation and amortization 4, 5     (7,916)     (8,127)     (15,657)   (16,073)
Interest expense and finance cost, net       (16,293)     (16,060)     (32,807)   (31,842)
Impairment loss/loss on sale of vessel       (1,651)       (1,651)  
Other (expense)/income, net 11     (169)     2,647     (3,237)   1,204
Non-operating other finance cost 6,9                 (24,000)
Income/(loss) before equity in net earnings of affiliate companies       2,951     5,553     2,002     (19,877)
Equity in net earnings of affiliate companies 9, 13     15,210     13,160     31,297     22,958
Income before taxes     $ 18,161   $ 18,713   $ 33,299   $ 3,081
Income tax expense       (1,143)     (368)     (1,408)     (301)
Net income from continuing operations       17,018     18,345     31,891     2,780
Net income from discontinued operations           28,933         39,370
Net income     $ 17,018   $ 47,278   $ 31,891   $ 42,150
Less: Net income attributable to the noncontrolling interest       (1,538)     (2,318)     (1,946)     (2,190)
Net income attributable to Navios Holdings common stockholders     $ 15,480   $ 44,960   $ 29,945 $ 39,960
Net income attributable to Navios Holdings from continuing and discontinued operations:                    
Income attributable to Navios Holdings, basic and diluted from continuing operations 12   $ 15,480   $ 16,027   $ 29,945   $ 590
Income attributable to Navios Holdings, basic and diluted from discontinued operations 12   $   $ 28,933   $   $ 39,370
Income attributable to Navios Holdings common stockholders, basic and diluted 12   $ 6,207   $ 31,225   $ 12,018   $ 28,115
Basic earnings/(loss) per share attributable to Navios Holdings common stockholders from continuing operations

12

  $ 0.27   $ 0.47   $ 0.53   $ (0.07)
Basic earnings per share attributable to Navios Holdings common stockholders from discontinued operations

12

   

  $ 0.91       $ 1.31
Basic earnings per share attributable to Navios Holdings common stockholders

12

  $ 0.27   $ 1.38   $ 0.53   $ 1.24
Weighted average number of shares, basic

12

    22,744,450     22,654,825     22,744,450     22,643,215
Diluted earnings/(loss) per share attributable to Navios Holdings common stockholders from continuing operations

12

  $ 0.27    $ 0.46   $ 0.53   $ (0.07)
Diluted earnings per share attributable to Navios Holdings common stockholders from discontinued operations

12

      $ 0.91       $ 1.30
Diluted earnings per share attributable to Navios Holdings common stockholders

12

  $ 0.27    $ 1.37   $ 0.53   $ 1.23
Weighted average number of shares, diluted

12

    22,850,450     22,848,328   22,850,450     22,845,014

 

 

See unaudited condensed notes to condensed consolidated financial statements

 

  F- 3  

NAVIOS MARITIME HOLDINGS INC.

 

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

 

(Expressed in thousands of U.S. dollars)

 

  Notes  

Six Month Period Ended

June 30, 2023

 

Six Month Period Ended

June 30, 2022

      (unaudited)   (unaudited)
OPERATING ACTIVITIES:              
Net income     $ 31,891   $ 42,150
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by/(used in) operating activities:              
Non-cash adjustments       (6,808)     40,403
Decrease/(increase) in operating assets        6,341     (7,921)
Increase in operating liabilities        667     18,366
Payments for drydock and special survey costs        (4,347)     (6,905)
Net cash provided by operating activities       27,744     86,093
INVESTING ACTIVITIES:              
Acquisition of/additions to vessels 4         (1,576)
Acquisition of Vimalcor 2     (1,224)    
Deposits for vessels, port terminals and other fixed assets acquisitions 4     (4,338)     (2,054)
Purchase of property, equipment and other fixed assets 4     (8,478)     (2,657)
Proceeds of sale of vessels       147    
Net cash used in investing activities       (13,893)     (6,287)
FINANCING ACTIVITIES:              
Repayment of long-term debt and payment of principal 6     (14,002)     (57,415)
Repayment of loans payable to affiliate companies 6         (112,632)
Repayment/repurchase of senior notes 6         (520,466)
Proceeds from long-term loans 6         266,725
Proceeds from loans payable to affiliate companies 9         262,632
Debt issuance costs           (1,425)
Repayment of finance lease liability           (130)
Acquisition of noncontrolling interest       (10,000)    
Net cash used in financing activities       (24,002)     (162,711)
Decrease in cash and cash equivalents and restricted cash       (10,151)     (82,905)
Cash and cash equivalents and restricted cash, beginning of period       78,851     137,851
Cash and cash equivalents and restricted cash, end of period 3   $ 68,700   $ 54,946
SUPPLEMENTAL DISCLOSURES OF CASH FLOW INFORMATION              
Cash paid for interest, net of capitalized interest     $ 29,189   $ 62,901
Cash paid for income taxes     $   $ 61
Non-cash investing and financing activities              
Lease modification     $   $ 19,417
Purchase of property, equipment and other fixed assets 4   $ (1,484)   $ (389)
Other long-term assets unpaid 4   $ (639)   $ (835)
Transfer to Vessels, port terminals and other fixed assets, net 4   $ 1,907   $
Acquisition of Vimalcor     $ (200)   $
Discontinued operations:              
Net cash provided by operating activities of discontinued operations     $    $ 89,579
Net cash used in investing activities of discontinued operations     $    $ (3,578)

 

 

See unaudited condensed notes to condensed consolidated financial statements

 

F- 4  

NAVIOS MARITIME HOLDINGS INC.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CHANGES IN EQUITY

(Expressed in thousands of U.S. dollars — except share data)

 

  Number of Preferred
Shares
  Preferred Stock   Number of Common Shares   Common Stock Additional Paid-in Capital   Accumulated Deficit Total Navios Holdings’ Stockholders’ Equity     Noncontrolling
Interest
    Total Equity
Balance December 31, 2022   16,988   $     22,826,450   $ 2   $ 664,932   $ (576,053)   $ 88,881   $ 53,210   $ 142,091
Net income/(loss)                         14,465     14,465     408     14,873
Stock-based compensation expenses (Note 10)                   22         22           22
Balance March 31, 2023 (unaudited) 16,988   $     22,826,450   $ 2   $ 664,954   $ (561,588)   $ 103,368   $ 53,618   $ 156,986
Net income                     15,480     15,480     1,538     17,018
Stock-based compensation expenses (Note 10)                   21         21         21
Balance June 30, 2023 (unaudited)   16,988   $     22,826,450   $ 2   $ 664,975   $ (546,108) $ 118,869   $ 55,156 $ 174,025

  

 

  Number of Preferred Shares Preferred Stock   Number of Common Shares   Common Stock   Additional Paid-in Capital   Accumulated Deficit   Total Navios Holdings’
Stockholders’ Equity
    Noncontrolling Interest     Total Equity
Balance December 31, 2021   23,032   $     25,198,620   $ 2   $ 679,301   $ (667,906)   $ 11,397   $ 55,247   $ 66,644
Net loss                     (5,000)     (5,000)     (128)   (5,128)
Cancellation of shares           (29)                      
Stock-based compensation expenses (Note 10)           40,000         46         46       46
Balance March 31, 2022 (unaudited) 23,032   $     25,238,591   $ 2   $ 679,347   $ (672,906)   $ 6,443   $ 55,119   $ 61,562
Net income   —        —          44,960     44,960     2,318     47,278
Stock-based compensation expenses (Note 10)   —        —        44           44           44
Balance June 30, 2022 (unaudited)   23,032   $   25,238,591   $ 2   $ 679,391   $ (627,946)   $ 51,447   $ 57,437   $ 108,884

 

 

 

 

See unaudited condensed notes to condensed consolidated financial statements

 

  F- 6  

NAVIOS MARITIME HOLDINGS INC.

UNAUDITED CONDENSED NOTES TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Expressed in thousands of U.S. dollars — except share data)   

NOTE 1: DESCRIPTION OF BUSINESS

Navios Maritime Holdings Inc. (“Navios Holdings” or the “Company”) (NYSE: NM) owns (i) a controlling equity stake in Navios South American Logistics Inc. (“Navios Logistics”), one of the largest infrastructure and logistics company in the Hidrovia region of South America; and (ii) an interest in Navios Maritime Partners L.P. (“Navios Partners”) (NYSE:NMM), an international shipping company, listed on the New York Stock Exchange, that owns and operates dry cargo and tanker vessels.

In September 2022, Navios Holdings completed the sale of its 36-vessel dry bulk fleet for consideration consisting of cash and the assumption of bank debt and finance leases related to the vessels, and subject to a working capital adjustment at closing (the “Transaction”), to Navios Partners. The former dry bulk vessel operations were historically a separate reportable segment of the Company. Subsequent to the closing of the Transaction, the results of the dry bulk vessel operations are reported as discontinued operations for all periods presented. For further information see Note 15 “Discontinued operations” in the interim condensed consolidated financial statements. Upon the closing of the Transaction, the Company has one reportable segment.

Navios Logistics

Navios Logistics, a consolidated subsidiary of the Company, was incorporated under the laws of the Republic of the Marshall Islands on December 17, 2007. Navios Logistics believes it is one of the largest infrastructure and logistics companies in the Hidrovia region river system, the main navigable river system in the region, and on the cabotage trades along the southeastern coast of South America. Navios Logistics operates with three reportable segments: the Port Terminal Business, the Cabotage Business and the Barge Business.

As of June 30 2023 and December 31, 2022, Navios Holdings owned 63.8% of Navios Logistics’ stock.

Navios Partners

Navios Partners is an international owner and operator of dry cargo and tanker vessels and is engaged in the seaborne transportation services of a wide range of liquid and dry cargo commodities. Types of commodities Navios Partners transports include crude oil, refined petroleum, chemicals, iron ore, coal, grain, fertilizer and containers. Navios Partners charters its vessels under short-, medium-, and longer-term charters.

As of both June 30, 2023 and December 31, 2022, Navios Holdings had a 10.3% ownership interest in Navios Partners. Incentive distribution rights are held by a consolidated subsidiary of Navios Holdings.

  

NOTE 2: SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES

(a) Basis of presentation: The accompanying interim condensed consolidated financial statements are unaudited, but, in the opinion of management, reflect all adjustments for a fair statement of Navios Holdings’ consolidated balance sheets, statements of comprehensive income, statements of cash flows and statements of changes in equity for the periods presented. The results of operations for the interim periods are not necessarily indicative of results for the full year. The footnotes are condensed as permitted by the requirements for interim financial statements and accordingly, do not include information and disclosures required under United States generally accepted accounting principles (“U.S. GAAP”) for complete financial statements. All such adjustments are deemed to be of a normal recurring nature. These interim financial statements should be read in conjunction with the Company’s consolidated financial statements and notes included in Navios Holdings’ Annual Report for the year ended December 31, 2022 filed on Form 20-F with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”).

Based on internal forecasts and projections that take into account potential changes in the Company’s trading performance and other assets, management believes that the Company has adequate financial resources to continue in operation and meet its financial commitments, including but not limited to capital expenditures and debt service obligations, for a period of at least twelve months from the date of issuance of the interim condensed consolidated financial statements. Although internal forecasts and projections are driven by market data and are subject to future volatility along with other factors outside the control of the Company, with the existence of alternative liquidity sources and management’s ability to utilize them if needed, management concludes that the Company has the ability to continue as a going concern as of the date of the issuance of the interim condensed consolidated financial statements.

Following Russia’s invasion of Ukraine in February 2022 the United States, the European Union, the United Kingdom and other countries have announced sanctions against Russia, and may impose wider sanctions and take other actions in the future. To date, no apparent consequences have been identified on the Company’s business. Notwithstanding the foregoing, it is possible that these tensions might eventually have an adverse impact on our business, financial condition, results of operations and cash flows.

Change in accounting policy:

Foreign Currency Translation: During the second quarter of 2023, the Company changed its accounting policy on foreign exchange differences recognized in the unaudited condensed consolidated statements of comprehensive income. The foreign exchange gains and losses are presented in the same line item as the underlying transaction. Total impact for the six-month periods ended June 30, 2023 and 2022 was $1,832 and $200 respectively. The impact of the amounts reclassified to each underlying item was not material for all prior periods presented.

 

(b) Principles of consolidation: The accompanying interim condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Navios Holdings, a Marshall Islands corporation, and its majority owned subsidiaries. All significant intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated in the consolidated statements.

 

Subsidiaries: Subsidiaries are those entities in which the Company has an interest of more than one half of the voting rights or otherwise has power to govern the financial and operating policies. The acquisition method of accounting is used to account for the acquisition of subsidiaries. The cost of an acquisition is measured as the fair value of the assets given up, shares issued or liabilities undertaken at the date of acquisition. The excess of the cost of acquisition over the fair value of the net assets acquired and liabilities assumed is recorded as goodwill. All subsidiaries included in the interim condensed consolidated financial statements are 100% owned, except for Navios Logistics, which is 63.8% owned by Navios Holdings.

  F- 7  

NAVIOS MARITIME HOLDINGS INC.

UNAUDITED CONDENSED NOTES TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Expressed in thousands of U.S. dollars — except share data)   

Investments in Affiliate Companies: Affiliate companies are entities over which the Company generally has between 20% and 50% of the voting rights, or over which the Company has significant influence, but it does not exercise control. Investments in these entities are accounted for under the equity method of accounting. Under this method, the Company records an investment in the stock of an affiliate company at cost, and adjusts the carrying amount for its share of the earnings or losses of the affiliate company subsequent to the date of investment and reports the recognized earnings or losses in income. Dividends received from an affiliate company reduce the carrying amount of the investment. The Company recognizes gains and losses in earnings for the issuance of shares by its affiliate companies, provided that the issuance of shares qualifies as a sale of shares. When the Company’s share of losses in an affiliate company equals or exceeds its interest in the affiliate company, the Company does not recognize further losses, unless the Company has incurred obligations or made payments on behalf of the affiliate company.

Affiliate companies included in the financial statements accounted for under the equity method: In the interim condensed consolidated financial statements of Navios Holdings, Navios Partners and its subsidiaries are included as affiliate companies and are accounted for under the equity method for such periods.

 

(c) Asset acquisition: When the Company enters into an acquisition transaction, it determines whether the acquisition transaction is a purchase of an asset or a business based on the facts and circumstances of the transaction. In accordance with Topic 805, Business Combinations, the Company first evaluates whether substantially all of the fair value of the gross assets acquired is concentrated in a single identifiable asset or group of similar identifiable assets (Step 1). If that threshold is met, the set of assets and activities is not a business. If the threshold is not met, the Company evaluates whether the set meets the definition of a business (Step 2). To be considered a business, a set must include an input and a substantive process that together significantly contributes to the ability to create an output. All assets acquired and liabilities assumed in a business combination are measured at their acquisition date fair values. For asset acquisitions, the net assets acquired should be measured following a cost accumulation and allocation model under which the cost of the acquisition is allocated on a relative fair value basis to the qualifying assets acquired. In May 2023, Navios Logistics completed the acquisition of the stock of Vimalcor S.A. (“Vimalcor”) for a purchase price of $1,600. The main asset acquired is the right of use of a plot of land in the port of Montevideo (refer to Note 5 and Note 14).

 

 

(d) Revenue Recognition:

 

Revenue is recognized when (or as) the Company transfers promised goods or services to its customers in amounts that reflect the consideration to which the company expects to be entitled to in exchange for those goods or services, which occurs when (or as) the Company satisfies its contractual obligations and transfers control of the promised goods or services to its customers. In determining the appropriate amount of revenue to be recognized as it fulfills its obligations under its agreements, the Company performs the following steps: (i) identification of the promised goods or services in the contract; (ii) determination of whether the promised goods or services are performance obligations, including whether they are distinct in the context of the contract; (iii) measurement of the transaction price, including the constraint on variable consideration; (iv) allocation of the transaction price to the performance obligations based on estimated selling prices; and (v) recognition of revenue when (or as) the Company satisfies each performance obligation.

Voyage revenues for the transportation of cargo are recognized ratably over the estimated relative transit time of each voyage. A voyage is deemed to commence when a vessel arrives at the loading port, as applicable under the contract, and is deemed to end upon the completion of the discharge of the current cargo. Under a voyage charter, a vessel is provided for the transportation of specific goods between specific ports in return for payment of an agreed upon freight per ton of cargo.

Revenues are recorded net of address commissions. Address commissions represent a discount provided directly to the charterers based on a fixed percentage of the agreed upon charter rate. Since address commissions represent a discount (sales incentive) on services rendered by the Company and no identifiable benefit is received in exchange for the consideration provided to the charterer, these commissions are presented as a reduction of revenue.

Revenue from contracts of affreightment (“COA”)/voyage contracts relating to our barges are recognized ratably over the estimated relative transit time of each voyage. A voyage is deemed to commence upon the barge’s arrival at the loading port, as applicable under the contract, and is deemed to end upon the completion of discharge under the current voyage. The percentage of transit time is based on the number of days traveled as of the balance sheet date divided by the number of total days expected for the voyage. The position of the barge at the balance sheet date is determined by the days traveled as of the balance sheet date over the total voyage of the pushboat having the barge in tow. Revenue arising from contracts that provide our customers with continuous access to convoy capacity is recognized ratably over the period of the contracts.

Demurrage income represents payments made by the charterer to the vessel owner when loading or discharging time exceeds the stipulated time in the voyage charter and is recognized as it is earned.

The Company recognizes revenue ratably from the vessel’s/barge’s arrival at the loading port, as set forth in the applicable contract, to when the charterer’s cargo is discharged as well as defer costs that meet the definition of “costs to fulfill a contract” and relate directly to the contract.

  F- 8  

NAVIOS MARITIME HOLDINGS INC.

UNAUDITED CONDENSED NOTES TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Expressed in thousands of U.S. dollars — except share data)   

Revenues from time-chartering and bareboat chartering of vessels and barges are accounted for as operating leases and are thus recognized on a straight-line basis as the average revenue over the rental periods of such charter agreements as service is performed. However, for loss generating time charters, the loss is recognized in the period during which the loss is generated. A time-charter involves placing a vessel or barge at the charterer’s disposal for a period of time during which the charterer uses the vessel in return for the payment of a specified daily hire rate. Charters for periods of less than three months are referred to as spot-charters. Charters for periods of three months to a year are generally referred to as medium-term charters. All other charters are considered long-term. For time-charters, the owner of the vessel typically pays the vessel’s operating costs, such as crews, maintenance and insurance.

Revenues from dry port terminal operations consist of an agreed flat fee per ton and cover the services performed in connection with unloading cargo from barges (or trucks), transferring the cargo into silos or the stockpiles for temporary storage, and loading the ocean-going vessels. Revenues are recognized upon completion of loading the ocean-going vessels. Revenue arising from contracts that provide our customers with continuous access to port terminal storage and transshipment capacity is recognized ratably over the period of the contracts. Additionally, fees are charged for vessel dockage and for storage time in excess of contractually specified terms. Dockage revenues are recognized ratably up to completion of loading as the performance obligation is met evenly over the loading period. Storage fees are assessed and recognized at the point when the product remains in the silo storage beyond the contractually agreed upon term. Storage fee revenue is recognized ratably over the storage period and ends when the product is loaded onto the ocean-going vessel.

Revenues from liquid port terminal operations consist mainly of sales of petroleum products in the Paraguayan market and revenues from liquid port operations. Revenues from liquid port terminal operations consist of an agreed flat fee per cubic meter or a fixed rate over a specific period to cover the services performed to unload barges, transfer the products into the tanks for temporary storage and then loading the trucks. Revenues that consist of an agreed flat fee per cubic meter are recognized upon completion of loading the trucks. Revenues from liquid port terminal operations that consist of a fixed rate over a specific period are recognized ratably over the storage period as the performance obligation is met evenly over time, ending when the product is loaded onto the trucks.

Expenses related to our revenue-generating contracts are recognized as incurred.

The following tables reflect the revenue earned per category for the three- and six-month periods ended June 30, 2023 and 2022:

     Three Month Period Ended June 30,2023   Three Month Period Ended June 30,2022   Six Month Period Ended June 30,2023   Six Month Period Ended June 30,2022
COA/Voyage revenue   $ 22,995   $ 24,519   $ 38,762   $ 44,326
Time chartering revenue   $ 22,474   $ 13,808   $ 41,208   $ 25,201
Port terminal revenue   $ 24,600   $ 25,174   $ 48,842   $ 47,991
Storage fees (dry port) revenue   $ 62   $ 1,812   $ 102   $ 2,173
Dockage revenue   $ 2,797   $ 1,745   $ 4,656   $ 3,107
Sale of products revenue   $ 6,677   $     $ 9,764   $ 1,894
Liquid port terminal revenue   $ 1,413   $ 1,614   $ 2,717   $ 3,075
Other   $ 880   $ 513   $ 1,259   $ 572
Total   $ 81,898   $ 69,185   $ 147,310   $ 128,339

 

Deferred Income and Cash Received In Advance: Deferred voyage revenue primarily relates to cash received from charterers prior to it being earned.

These amounts are recognized as revenue over the voyage or charter period.

(e) Recent Accounting Pronouncements:

 

Adoption of new accounting pronouncements:

In March 2020, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) No. 2020-4, “Reference Rate Reform (Topic 848)” (“ASU 2020-4”), which provides optional guidance intended to ease the potential burden in accounting for the expected discontinuation of LIBOR as a reference rate in the financial markets. The guidance can be applied to modifications made to certain contracts to replace LIBOR with a new reference rate. The guidance, if adopted, will permit entities to treat such modifications as the continuation of the original contract, without any required accounting reassessments or remeasurements. In addition, in January 2021, the FASB issued ASU No. 2021-01 with respect to the Reference Rate Reform (Topic 848). The amendments in this Update clarify that certain optional expedients and exceptions in Topic 848 for contract modifications and hedge accounting apply to derivatives that are affected by the discounting transition. The ASU 2020-4 was effective for the Company beginning on March 12, 2020 and the Company will apply the amendments prospectively through December 31, 2024. There was no material impact to the Company’s interim condensed consolidated financial statements as of June 30, 2023.

 

  F- 9  

NAVIOS MARITIME HOLDINGS INC.

UNAUDITED CONDENSED NOTES TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Expressed in thousands of U.S. dollars — except share data)   

NOTE 3: CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS AND RESTRICTED CASH

Cash and cash equivalents and restricted cash consisted of the following:

 

    June 30, 2023   December 31, 2022
Cash on hand and at banks   $ 27,780   $ 32,851
Short-term deposits and highly liquid funds     40,910     45,690
Restricted cash     10     310
Cash and cash equivalents and restricted cash   $ 68,700   $ 78,851

 

Short-term deposits and highly liquid funds relate to amounts held in banks for general financing purposes and represent deposits with an original maturity of less than three months and are included in the condensed consolidated balance sheets under the caption “Cash and cash equivalents”.

Cash deposits and cash equivalents in excess of amounts covered by government-provided insurance are exposed to loss in the event of non-performance by financial institutions. Navios Holdings does maintain cash deposits and equivalents in excess of government provided insurance limits. Navios Holdings reduces exposure to credit risk by dealing with a diversified group of major financial institutions.

As of both June 30, 2023 and December 31, 2022, amounts held as security in the form of letters of guarantee or letters of credit are included within restricted cash, and totaled $10. As of December 31, 2022, within restricted cash is also included an amount of $300 as cash collateral in escrow accounts, in relation to certain agreements.

 

NOTE 4: VESSELS, PORT TERMINALS AND OTHER FIXED ASSETS, NET

Vessels, Port Terminals and Other Fixed Assets, net   Cost   Accumulated Depreciation   Net Book Value
Balance December 31, 2022   $ 814,510   $ (318,591)   $ 495,919
Additions     8,704     (14,237)     (5,533)
Impairment losses     (2,038)     1,121     (917)
Transfers to Asset held for sale     (3,878)         (3,878)
Transfers from deposits for vessels, port terminal and other fixed assets, net     3,198         3,198
Disposals     (147)         (147)
Balance June 30, 2023   $ 820,349   $ (331,707)   $ 488,642

 

On September 8, 2022, the Company completed the sale of its 21 owned vessels to Navios Partners. For further information on the sale, see Note 15 “Discontinued operations” in the interim condensed consolidated financial statements.

Navios Logistics

During the second quarter of 2023, Navios Logistics completed the construction of a new iron ore stockpile area in its Iron Ore Port Terminal and a total amount of $3,198 was transferred to “Vessels, port terminals and other fixed assets, net” in the interim condensed consolidated statement of financial position. As of December 31, 2022, Navios Logistics has paid $1,907 for the construction of the new stock pile area in its Iron Ore Port Terminal, which was included in the interim condensed consolidated statement of financial position under the caption “Other long-term assets”.

As of June 30, 2023 and December 31, 2022, Navios Logistics has paid $871 and $807, respectively, for capitalized expenses for the development of its port operations in Port Murtinho, Brazil, which was included in the interim condensed consolidated statement of financial position under the caption “Other long-term assets”.

As of June 30, 2023 and December 31, 2022, Navios Logistics has paid $3,941 and $597, respectively, for the construction of a crane in the Iron Ore Port Terminal, which is included in the interim condensed consolidated statement of financial position under the caption “Other long-term assets”.

As of June 30, 2023, Navios Logistics has paid $930 for the development of a new liquid terminal in Nueva Palmira, which is included in the interim condensed consolidated statement of financial position under the caption “Other long-term assets”.

  F- 10  

NAVIOS MARITIME HOLDINGS INC.

UNAUDITED CONDENSED NOTES TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Expressed in thousands of U.S. dollars — except share data)   

Impairment loss

As of June 30, 2023, the vessel He Man H met the criteria to be accounted as an asset held for sale and has been re-measured to its fair value less cost to sell, which resulted in an impairment loss of $1,651 (including $734 remaining carrying balance of dry dock costs), which is included in the unaudited condensed consolidated statements of comprehensive income under the caption “Impairment loss”. In addition, an amount of $29, which relates to inventory, is classified as held for sale and increased the amount of asset held for sale to $3,907. The fair value of the vessel is determined to $4,450. The Company completed the sale of the He Man H to an unrelated third party in August 2023.

 

NOTE 5: INTANGIBLE ASSETS OTHER THAN GOODWILL

Intangible Assets Other Than Goodwill (Table) 

Intangible assets    

June 30, 2023

 

December 31, 2022

Acquisition cost     $ 90,601   $ 89,272
Accumulated amortization       (44,498)     (43,079)
Total intangible assets net book value     $ 46,103   $ 46,193

 

Following the completion of the Vimalcor acquisition in May 2023, the Company recognized an intangible asset of $1,329 relating to the port terminal operating right to be amortized until January 2029.

Amortization expense for the three-month periods ended June 30, 2023 and 2022 were $726 and $693, respectively, and for the six-month periods ended June 30, 2023 and 2022 were $1,419 and $1,386, respectively.

The remaining aggregate amortization of acquired intangibles as of June 30, 2023 will be as follows:

Period

   
Year One   $ 3,004
Year Two     3,004
Year Three     3,004
Year Four     3,004
Year Five     2,037
Thereafter     32,050
Total   $ 46,103

 

 

NOTE 6: BORROWINGS

Borrowings, as of June 30, 2023 and December 31, 2022, consisted of the following:

Facility   June 30, 2023   December 31, 2022
2024 Notes     8,626     8,626
Convertible Debenture     121,202     118,833
2025 Logistics Senior Notes     500,000     500,000
Navios Logistics other long-term loans and notes payable     45,352     59,385
Total borrowings     675,180     686,844
Less: current portion, net     (31,997)     (23,544)
Less: deferred finance costs, net     (9,950)     (12,090)
Total long-term borrowings   $ 633,233   $ 651,210

 

 

Navios Holdings Debt

2024 Notes

On March 21, 2019, Navios Holdings issued $4,747 of 9.75% Senior Notes due 2024 (the “2024 Notes”) in exchange for a total of 10,930 Series H ADSs shares which were validly tendered as of that date. For additional information on the Series H ADSs shares, see Note 10 “Preferred and Common Stock” to the interim condensed consolidated financial statements.

On April 21, 2019, Navios Holdings issued $3,879 of the 2024 Notes in exchange for a total of 8,841 Series G ADSs shares which were validly tendered as of that date. For additional information on the Series G ADSs shares, see Note 10 “Preferred and Common Stock” to the interim condensed consolidated financial statements.

The 2024 Notes are general senior unsecured obligations of Navios Holdings. The 2024 Notes are not guaranteed by any of Navios Holdings’ subsidiaries.

  F- 11  

NAVIOS MARITIME HOLDINGS INC.

UNAUDITED CONDENSED NOTES TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Expressed in thousands of U.S. dollars — except share data)   

The indenture governing the 2024 Notes does not contain restrictive covenants but does include customary events of default.

Navios Holdings has the option to redeem the 2024 Notes, in whole or in part, at any time, at a redemption price equal to 100% of the principal amount of the 2024 Notes to be redeemed, plus accrued interest.

Convertible Debenture 

In December 2021, Navios Holdings entered into a convertible debenture with NSM (the “Convertible Debenture”), covering certain payments under the NSM Loans including an upfront fee of $24,000, accrued interest, and prepayment fees. The lender has the option to convert any portion of the outstanding balance under the Convertible Debenture into shares of common stock of Navios Holdings pursuant to an agreed-upon mechanism. The Convertible Debenture has a term of five years and bears interest at the rate of 4% PIK, payable at maturity, if not earlier converted into shares of our common stock. As of June 30, 2023, the total outstanding balance of the Convertible Debenture was $121,202. The Convertible Debenture that was recognized as a single liability instrument is presented under the caption “Convertible debenture payable to affiliate companies”. For information on the Convertible Debenture, see Note 9 “Transactions with Related Parties” and Note 10 “Preferred and Common Stock” in the interim condensed consolidated financial statements.

Navios Logistics Debt

2025 Logistics Senior Notes

On July 8, 2020, Navios Logistics and its wholly-owned subsidiary Navios Logistics Finance (US) Inc. (“Logistics Finance” and, together with Navios Logistics (the “Logistics Co-Issuers”) issued $500,000 in aggregate principal amount of senior secured notes due on July 1, 2025, at a fixed rate of 10.75% (the “2025 Logistics Senior Notes”).

 The 2025 Co-Issuers have the option to redeem the 2025 Notes in whole or in part, at any time on or after August 1, 2023, at a fixed price of 102.688% and at par on or after August 1, 2024. The Co-Issuers may also redeem all, but not less than all, of the 2025 Notes at a price equal to 100% of the principal amount plus accrued and unpaid interest, if any, upon certain changes in law that would trigger the payment of withholding taxes. Furthermore, upon the occurrence of certain change of control events, the Co-Issuers may be required to offer to purchase 2025 Notes from holders at a price equal to 101% of the principal amount plus accrued and unpaid interest, if any.

 

The 2025 Notes are senior secured obligations of the Co-Issuers and rank equal in right of payment to all of their existing and future senior indebtedness and senior in right of payment to all of their future subordinated indebtedness. The 2025 Notes are fully and unconditionally guaranteed, jointly and severally, by all of the Company’s direct and indirect subsidiaries, other than Logistics Finance. The 2025 Notes are currently secured by: (i) first priority ship mortgages on three tanker vessels servicing the Company’s Cabotage Business (the (1) Elena H, (2) Makenita H and (3) Sara H). owned by certain subsidiary guarantors (such guarantors, the “Mortgaged Vessel Guarantors”) and related assignments of earnings and insurance, together with a first priority lien on the capital stock of each Mortgaged Vessel Guarantor; and (ii) an assignment by way of security of the Vale port contract (collectively, the “Collateral”). The tanker vessel He Man H was released from the 2025 Logistics Senior Notes and the proceeds of $3,732 were deposited in an escrow account and constitute cash collateral held for the benefit of the 2025 Logistics Senior Notes. The indenture governing the 2025 Notes contains restrictive covenants that limit, among other things, the ability of the Co-Issuers and their restricted subsidiaries to incur additional indebtedness, pay dividends and make distributions on common and preferred stock, make other restricted payments, make investments, incur liens, consolidate, merge, sell or otherwise dispose of all or substantially all of their assets and enter into certain transactions with affiliates, in each case, subject to exclusions, and other customary covenants. The indenture governing the 2025 Notes also contains customary events of default.

The Logistics Co-Issuers were in compliance with the covenants as of June 30, 2023.

As of June 30, 2023 and December 31, 2022, deferred financing costs associated with the 2025 Logistics Senior Notes were $9,893 and $12,018, respectively.

Navios Logistics Other Long-term Loans and Notes Payable

 

As of June 30, 2023, Navios Logistics had long-term loans and notes payable, with a total outstanding balance of $45,352. The purpose of the facilities was to finance the construction of its Dry Port Terminal, the acquisition of vessels, and for general corporate purposes. The facilities are denominated mainly in U.S. dollars and bear interest based on either LIBOR or Secured Overnight Financing Rate (“SOFR”) plus a spread ranging from 3.15% to 8.50% per annum.

  F- 12  

NAVIOS MARITIME HOLDINGS INC.

UNAUDITED CONDENSED NOTES TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Expressed in thousands of U.S. dollars — except share data)   

 

Navios Logistics currently pays interest on its notes payable at a rate equal to six-month LIBOR, which will convert to SOFR plus Credit Adjusted Spread (the “CAS”), effective July 1, 2023. The facilities are repayable in installments and have maturities ranging from November 2024 to March 2026. For additional information on the long-term loans to Navios Logistics, see the maturity table below.

During the six-month period ended June 30, 2023, the Company paid $14,002 in scheduled repayment installments relating to its secured credit facilities. There were no proceeds from borrowings for the six-month period ended June 30, 2023. During the six-month period ended June 30, 2022, the Company paid $39,035 in scheduled repayment installments relating to its secured credit facilities, and $131,012 in prepayments related to four of the Company’s credit facilities. During the six-month period ended June 30, 2022, the proceeds from the NSM Loans were $262,632, the proceeds from long term debt were $235,725 and the proceeds from the two sale and leaseback agreements were $31,000. The above payments and proceeds include debt from continuing and discontinued operations.

The annualized weighted average interest rates of the Company’s total borrowings for the three- and six-month periods ended June 30, 2023 were 9.12% and 9.14%, respectively. The annualized weighted average interest rates of the Company’s total borrowings for the three- and six-month periods ended June 30, 2022 were 10.17% and 10.05%, respectively.

The maturity table below reflects the principal payments for the next five years and thereafter of all borrowings of Navios Holdings (including Navios Logistics) outstanding as of June 30, 2023, based on the repayment schedules of the respective loan facilities and the outstanding amount due under the debt securities.

Payment due by period    
June 30, 2024   $ 32,028
June 30, 2025     17,444
June 30, 2026     504,506
June 30, 2027     121,202
Total   $ 675,180

 

 

NOTE 7: FAIR VALUE OF FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS

The following methods and assumptions were used to estimate the fair value of each class of financial instrument:

Cash and cash equivalents: The carrying amounts reported in the consolidated balance sheets for interest bearing deposits and money market funds approximate their fair value because of the short maturity of these investments.

Restricted cash: The carrying amounts reported in the consolidated balance sheets for interest bearing deposits approximate their fair value because of the short maturity of these investments.

Borrowings: The book value has been adjusted to reflect the net presentation of deferred financing costs. The outstanding balance of the floating rate loans continues to approximate its fair value, excluding the effect of any deferred financing costs. As of both June 30, 2023 and December 31, 2022, the 2025 Logistics Senior Notes and four Navios Logistics’ loans are fixed rate borrowings and their fair value was determined based on quoted market prices.

Convertible Debenture: The carrying amount of the Convertible Debenture approximates its fair value.

 

The estimated fair values of the Company’s financial instruments are as follows:

    June 30, 2023   December 31, 2022
    Book Value   Fair Value   Book Value   Fair Value
Cash and cash equivalents   $ 68,690   $ 68,690   $

78,541

  $ 78,541
Restricted cash   $ 10   $ 10   $ 310   $ 310
Senior and ship mortgage notes, net   $ (498,733)   $ (497,901)   $ (496,608)   $ (491,976)
Long-term debt, including current portion   $ (45,295)   $ (45,352)   $ (59,313)   $ (59,385)
Convertible debenture payable to affiliate companies (1)   $ (121,202)   $ (121,202)   $ (118,833)   $ (118,833)

 

As required by the fair value guidance, assets are categorized in their entirety based on the lowest level of input that is significant to the fair value measurement.

As of June 30, 2023, and December 31, 2022, there were no assets measured at fair value on a recurring basis.

  F- 13  

NAVIOS MARITIME HOLDINGS INC.

UNAUDITED CONDENSED NOTES TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Expressed in thousands of U.S. dollars — except share data)   

As of June 30, 2023, the Company’s assets measured at fair value on a non-recurring basis are:

 

  Fair Value Measurements as of June 30, 2023
    Total     Quoted Prices in Active Markets for Identical Assets (Level I)     Significant Other Observable Inputs (Level II)     Significant Unobservable Inputs (Level III) 
Asset held for sale $ 4,550   $ —    $ 4,550   $ — 
Total $ 4,550   $ —    $ 4,550   $ — 

 

He Man H met the criteria to be accounted for as asset held for sale and has been re-measured to its fair value less cost to sell leading to an impairment loss of $1,651. The fair value of Malva H was measured at $4,550, as at June 30, 2023.

As of December 31, 2022, there were no assets measured at fair value on a non-recurring basis.

Fair Value Measurements

The estimated fair value of our financial instruments that are not measured at fair value on a recurring basis, categorized based upon the fair value hierarchy, are as follows:

Level I: Inputs are unadjusted, quoted prices for identical assets or liabilities in active markets that we have the ability to access. Valuation of these items does not entail a significant amount of judgment.

Level II: Inputs other than quoted prices included in Level I that are observable for the asset or liability through corroboration with market data at the measurement date.

Level III: Inputs that are unobservable.

 

                         
    Fair Value Measurements at June 30, 2023
    Total   (Level I)   (Level II)   (Level III)
Cash and cash equivalents   $ 68,690   $ 68,690   $   $
Restricted cash   $ 10   $ 10   $   $
Senior and ship mortgage notes   $ (497,901)   $ (498,275)   $ (8,626)   $
Long-term debt, including current portion(1)   $ (45,352)   $   $ (45,352)   $
Convertible debenture payable to affiliate companies(1)   $ (121,202)   $   $ (121,202)   $

 

                         
    Fair Value Measurements at December 31, 2022
    Total   (Level I)   (Level II)   (Level III)
Cash and cash equivalents   $       78,541   $ 78,541   $   $
Restricted cash   $            310   $ 310   $   $
Senior and ship mortgage notes   $  (491,976)   $ 78,541   $    (8,626)   $
Long-term debt, including current portion(1)   $     (59,385)   $   $   (59,385) $
Convertible debenture payable to affiliate companies(2)   $  (118,833)   $   $ (118,833)   $

 

 

(1) The fair value of the Company’s long-term debt is estimated based on currently available debt with similar contract terms, interest rates and remaining maturities, published quoted market prices as well as taking into account the Company’s creditworthiness.
(2) The fair value of the Company’s Convertible Debenture is estimated based on currently available debt with similar contract terms, interest rate and remaining maturities as well as taking into account the counterparty’s creditworthiness.

 

 

NOTE 8: COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES

As of June 30, 2023, the Company was contingently liable for letters of guarantee and letters of credit amounting to $10 (December 31, 2021: $10) issued by one bank in favor of various organizations and the total amount was collateralized by cash deposits, which were included as a component of restricted cash.

Navios Logistics has issued a guarantee and indemnity letter that guarantees the performance obligations a consolidated subsidiary of all its obligations to Vitol S.A. up to $12,000. This guarantee expires on March 28, 2024.

On July 22, 2016, Navios Logistics guaranteed the compliance of certain obligations related to two consolidated subsidiaries under their respective direct user agreements with the Free Zone of Nueva Palmira, for the amounts of $847 and $519, respectively.

In September 2020, Navios Logistics agreed to a settlement regarding a storage and transshipment contract in the Grain Port Terminal for a total amount to be paid to Navios Logistics as a result of the settlement of $4,140, to be collected in three equal installments of $1,380 within June, 2021, 2022 and 2023. In June 2021 and 2022, Navios Logistics collected the first and second installment, respectively.

The Company is involved in a number of legal proceedings and has various unresolved claims pending arising in the ordinary course of business. Based on currently available information and the opinion of legal counsel, management believes that the final outcome will not have a significant effect on the Company’s operating results or financial position and that no additional provisions over and above provisions already reflected in the interim condensed consolidated financial statements are required.

  F- 14  

NAVIOS MARITIME HOLDINGS INC.

UNAUDITED CONDENSED NOTES TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Expressed in thousands of U.S. dollars — except share data)   

NOTE 9: TRANSACTIONS WITH RELATED PARTIES

Vessel Operating Expenses (management fees):Prior to the Transaction and pursuant to a management agreement dated August 29, 2019 (the “Management Agreement”) with Navios Shipmanagement Inc., a subsidiary of N Shipmanagement Acquisition Corp. (together with its subsidiaries, “NSM” or the “Manager”), the Manager provided commercial and technical management services to Navios Holdings’ vessels. The term of this agreement was for an initial period of five years with an automatic extension period of five years thereafter unless a notice for termination is received by either party. The ship management services fees provided by the Manager was a fixed rate of $3.7 per day per owned/bareboat-in vessel until August 2021, $3.8 per day per owned/bareboat-in vessel until August 2022 and $3.9 per day until the closing of the Transaction on September 8, 2022. The fee for the ship management services provided by the Manager was a daily fee of $0.03 per day per charter-in vessel. Drydocking expenses under this agreement were reimbursed by Navios Holdings at cost. The agreement also provided for payment of a termination fee, equal to the fees charged for the full calendar year preceding the termination date, by Navios Holdings in the event the Management Agreement is terminated on or before August 29, 2024. Total management fees for vessel operating expenses for the three-month periods ended June 30, 2023 and 2022 were $0 and $8,697, respectively and are presented under the caption “Net income from discontinued operations” in the interim condensed consolidated statements of comprehensive income. Total management fees for vessel operating expenses for the six-month periods ended June 30, 2023 and 2022 were $0 and $17,297, respectively and are presented under the caption “Net income from discontinued operations” in the interim condensed consolidated statements of comprehensive income. During the three- and six-month periods ended June 30, 2022, certain fees and costs related to COVID-19 measures, including crew related expenses, were $550 and $1,656, respectively, and are presented under the caption “Net income from discontinued operations” in the interim condensed consolidated statements of comprehensive income.

General and administrative expenses: Pursuant to an administrative services agreement with the Manager dated August 29, 2019 (the “Administrative Services Agreement”), NSM provides administrative services to Navios Holdings. NSM is reimbursed for reasonable costs and expenses incurred in connection with the provision of these services. The term of this agreement is for an initial period of five years with an automatic extension for a period of five years thereafter unless a notice of termination is received by either party. The agreement also provides for payment of a termination fee, equal to the fees charged for the full calendar year preceding the termination date, by Navios Holdings in the event the Administrative Services Agreement is terminated on or before August 29, 2024, upon the occurrence of certain events.

Total general and administrative expenses attributable to this agreement for the three-month periods ended June 30, 2023 and 2022 were $135 and $1,932, respectively, and are presented under the caption “General and administrative expenses” in the interim condensed consolidated statements of comprehensive income. The total general and administrative expenses attributable to this agreement for the three-month periods ended June 30, 2023 and 2022, which have been allocated to discontinued operations, were $0 and $