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UNITED STATES

 

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

FORM 6-K

 

 

 

REPORT OF FOREIGN PRIVATE ISSUER

 

PURSUANT TO RULE 13a-16 OR 15d-16

OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

Dated: September 10, 2021

Commission File No. 001-33311

 

 

 

 

NAVIOS MARITIME HOLDINGS INC. 

 

 

  

Strathvale House, 90 N Church Street,

 

P.O. Box 309, Grand Cayman,

 

KY1-1104 Cayman Islands

 

(Address of Principal Executive Offices)

 

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant files or will file annual reports under cover Form 20-F or Form 40-F:

 

Form 20-F Form 40-F

 

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is submitting the Form 6-K in paper as permitted by Regulation S-T Rule 101(b) (1):

 

Yes No

 

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is submitting the Form 6-K in paper as permitted by Regulation S-T Rule 101(b) (7):

 

Yes No

 

 

The information contained in this Report on Form 6-K (this “Report”) is incorporated by reference into the Registration Statements on Form S-8, File No. 333-147186, 333-202141 and 333-222002, and the related prospectuses.

 

Operating and Financial Review and Prospects

The following is a discussion of the financial condition and results of operations of Navios Maritime Holdings Inc. (“Navios Holdings” or the “Company”) for the three and six month periods ended June 30, 2021 and 2020. Navios Holdings’ financial statements have been prepared in accordance with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles in the United States of America (“U.S. GAAP”). You should read this section together with the consolidated financial statements and the accompanying notes included in Navios Holdings’ Annual Report on Form 20-F for the year ended December 31, 2020 filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) and the unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements and the accompanying notes included elsewhere in this Report.

This Report contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. All statements herein other than statements of historical fact, including statements regarding business and industry prospects or future results of operations or financial position, should be considered forward-looking. These forward looking statements are based on Navios Holdings’ current expectations and observations. Factors that could cause actual results to differ materially include, but are not limited to risks relating to: expected timing, completion and effects of the Navios Partners’ Merger II (as defined herein), our ability to service and refinance our indebtedness including our 2022 Notes (as defined herein) and 2022 Senior Secured Notes (as defined herein); global and regional economic and political conditions including the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic and efforts throughout the world to contain its spread, including effects on global economic activity; demand for seaborne transportation of the products we ship; the ability and willingness of charterers to fulfill their obligations to us; prevailing charter rates; shipyards performing scrubber installations, drydocking and repairs; changing vessel crews and availability of financing; potential disruption of shipping routes due to accidents, diseases, pandemics, political events, piracy or acts by terrorists, including the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic and the ongoing efforts throughout the world to contain it; uncertainty relating to global trade, including prices of seaborne commodities and continuing issues related to seaborne volume and ton miles; our continued ability to enter into long-term time charters; our ability to maximize the use of our vessels; expected demand in the dry cargo shipping sector in general and the demand for our Panamax, Capesize, Ultra Handymax and Handysize vessels in particular; the aging of our fleet and resultant increases in operations costs; the loss of any customer or charter or vessel; the financial condition of our customers; increases in costs and expenses, including but not limited to: crew wages, insurance, provisions, port expenses, lube oil, bunkers, repairs, maintenance, and general and administrative expenses; the expected cost of, and our ability to comply with, governmental regulations and maritime self-regulatory organization standards, as well as standard regulations imposed by our charterers applicable to our business, general domestic and international political conditions; competitive factors in the market in which Navios Holdings operates; the value of our publicly traded subsidiaries and risks associated with operations outside the United States. Other factors that could cause our actual results to differ from our current expectations and observations include, but are not limited to, those discussed under Part I, Item 3D — Risk Factors in Navios Holdings’ Annual Report on Form 20-F for the year ended December 31, 2020. All forward-looking statements made in this Report speak only as of the date of this document. The Company undertakes no obligation to publicly update or revise any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise.

 

 

 

Recent Developments

2022 Senior Secured Notes

On June 29, 2021, the Company entered into the Eighth Supplemental Indenture which eliminated the Company’s obligation to make a springing maturity offer for the 11.25% Senior Notes due 2022 (the “2022 Senior Secured Notes”) following the pro rata redemption, at par, of $100.0 million in aggregate principal amount of the 2022 Senior Secured Notes (the “Redemption”). On July 23, 2021, the Company completed the Redemption. The Redemption was funded through (i) the sale of a vessel pledged as collateral in respect of the 2022 Senior Secured Notes and (ii) the borrowing of $75.3 million from an affiliate of Navios Shipmanagement Holdings Corporation, a wholly owned subsidiary of NSM (as defined herein).

On September 3, 2021, the Company issued a notice of redemption with respect to an aggregate principal amount of $20.0 million of its 2022 Senior Secured Notes at a redemption price equal to 100.00% of the aggregate principal amount thereof, plus accrued and unpaid interest to, but excluding, the redemption date of September 13, 2021 (the “Second Redemption”).

After the Redemption and the Second Redemption, $185.0 million in aggregate principal amount of the 2022 Senior Secured Notes remain outstanding which mature in August 2022.

 

 

  1  

 

Repayment of Grimaud Loan and dividend payment of Grimaud shares 

On June 30, 2021, the Company entered into a supplemental agreement to the Grimaud Loan (the “Supplemental Grimaud Loan Agreement”) with Grimaud Ventures S.A (“Grimaud”), whereby the Company and Grimaud agreed to amend the Grimaud Loan (as define herein). Pursuant to the amendment, the Grimaud Loan may be repaid or prepaid in full by the issuance of shares of common stock of Navios Holdings. The effectiveness of the Supplemental Grimaud Loan Agreement was subject to, and contingent upon, prepayment of the Grimaud Loan in the amount of $7.5 million in cash and the effectiveness of a registration statement registering the resale of Navios Holdings shares, among other conditions.

On July 13, 2021, the Company’s $70.0 million loan, plus accrued interest, owed to Grimaud, a wholly-owned subsidiary of Navios South American Logistics Inc. (“Navios Logistics”), was repaid by the Company in full through the issuance of 9,301,542 shares of the Company’s common stock and $7.5 million in cash plus accrued and unpaid interest.

On July 30, 2021, Navios Logistics declared and paid a pro rata dividend to the holders of its common equity in shares of Grimaud. Immediately thereafter, Grimaud redeemed the equity interests held by its non-controlling shareholder in full at fair market value. Grimaud is now an indirect wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company, and its equity interests are pledged as collateral under the 2022 Senior Secured Notes).

As of September 9, 2021, Grimaud sold 6.4 million shares of common stock of Navios Holdings and generated net proceeds of $31.3 million part of which was used to fund the Second Redemption.

 

Navios Partners’ Merger II

On August 25, 2021, Navios Maritime Partners L.P. (“Navios Partners”) and its direct wholly-owned subsidiary Navios Acquisition Merger Sub. Inc. (“Merger Sub”) entered into an Agreement and Plan of Merger with Navios Maritime Acquisition Corporation (“Navios Acquisition”) (the “Navios Partners’ Merger II”). Pursuant to the Navios Partners’ Merger II, Merger Sub will be merged with and into Navios Acquisition, with Navios Acquisition being the surviving entity (the “Merger”) as a wholly-owned subsidiary of Navios Partners. Upon consummation of the Navios Partners’ Merger II, Navios Acquisition will become wholly owned by Navios Partners and each outstanding share of common stock of Navios Acquisition that is held by a holder other than Navios Partners, Navios Acquisition and their respective subsidiaries will be converted into the right to receive 0.1275 of a common unit of Navios Partners.

Pursuant to the Navios Partners’ Merger II, on August 26, 2021, Navios Acquisition called for redemption of all of its outstanding 8.125% First Priority Ship Mortgage Notes due November 15, 2021 (the “Navios Acquisition’s Ship Mortgage Notes”) and remitted to the indenture trustee the aggregate redemption price payable to the holders of the Navios Acquisition’s Ship Mortgage Notes to satisfy and discharge Navios Acquisition’s obligations under the indenture relating to the Navios Acquisition’s Ship Mortgage Notes. The redemption date for the Navios Acquisition’s Ship Mortgage Notes will be September 25, 2021.

The Navios Partners’ Merger II is expected to close in the fourth quarter of 2021 upon completion of certain customary conditions. After the completion of the Navios Partners’ Merger II, Navios Holdings expects to have a 10.3% ownership interest in Navios Partners.

 

Fleet Update

In June 2021, the Company agreed to sell to Navios Partners the Navios Azimuth, a 2011-built Capesize vessel of 179,169 dwt, the Navios Ray, a 2012-built Capesize vessel of 179,515 dwt, and the Navios Bonavis, a 2009-built Capesize vessel of 180,022 dwt for an aggregate sales price of $88.0 million. The sale of (i) the Navios Bonavis and the Navios Ray was completed in June 2021, and of (ii) the Navios Azimuth was completed in July 2021.

In June 2021, the Company completed the sale to Navios Partners of the Navios Koyo, a 2011-built Capesize vessel of 181,415 dwt, which was previously chartered-in. The net sale proceeds were $8.5 million.

In June 2021, the Company completed the sale of the Navios Serenity, a 2011-built Handysize vessel of 34,690 dwt, to an unrelated third party for a sale price of $10.6 million.

 

 

  2  

 

Overview

General

Navios Holdings is a global seaborne shipping and logistics company focused on the transport and transshipment of dry bulk commodities, including iron ore, coal and grain. In August 2019, the Company entered into five-year service agreements with N Shipmanagement Inc., a subsidiary of N Shipmanagement Acquisition Corp. (together with its subsidiaries, “NSM” or the “Manager”) under which NSM provides technical and commercial management services. See also “Related Party Transactions”.

Navios Logistics

Navios Logistics, a consolidated subsidiary of the Company, was incorporated under the laws of the Republic of the Marshall Islands on December 17, 2007. Navios Logistics believes it is one of the largest logistics companies in the Hidrovia region river system, the main navigable river system in the region, and in the cabotage trades along the south-eastern coast of South America. Navios Logistics serves its customers in the Hidrovia region through its three existing port storage and transfer facilities (the “Port Terminal Business”), its Grain Terminal, which supports agricultural and forest-related exports located in Uruguay, its Iron Ore Terminal, which supports mineral related exports both located in Uruguay and its Liquid Port Terminal, with tank storage for refined petroleum products in San Antonio, Paraguay. Navios Logistics complements its three port terminals with a diverse fleet of 329 barges and 30 pushboats that operate in its barge business (the “Barge Business”) and eight vessels, including six tankers, one bunker vessel and one river and estuary product tanker, which operate in its cabotage business (the “Cabotage Business”). Navios Logistics provides transportation for dry cargo (cereals, cotton pellets, soybeans, wheat, limestone (clinker), mineral iron, and rolling stones) and liquid cargo (hydrocarbons such as crude oil, gas oil, naphtha, fuel oil and vegetable oils) and liquefied cargo (liquefied petroleum gas or “LPG”). As of June 30, 2021, Navios Holdings owned 63.8% of Navios Logistics.

Affiliate Companies (Not Consolidated under Navios Holdings)

Navios Partners (NYSE: NMM) is an international owner and operator of dry cargo vessels and is engaged in the seaborne transportation services of a wide range of dry cargo commodities including iron ore, coal, grain, fertilizer and also containers, chartering its vessels under medium to longer-term charters. As of June 30, 2021 and following the acquisition of Navios Maritime Containers L.P. (“Navios Containers”) by Navios Partners, referred to in Note 14 included elsewhere in this Report, Navios Holdings had a 9.7% ownership interest in Navios Partners. After the completion of the Navios Partners’ Merger II, Navios Holdings expects to have a 10.3% ownership interest in Navios Partners. Please refer to Note 14 included elsewhere in this Report. Incentive distribution rights are held by a consolidated subsidiary of Navios Holdings.

Navios Acquisition (NYSE: NNA) is an owner and operator of tanker vessels focusing in the transportation of petroleum products (clean and dirty) and bulk liquid chemicals. As of June 30, 2021, Navios Holdings’ had a 28.0% ownership interest in Navios Acquisition.

Navios Containers was an international owner and operator of containerships. As of December 31, 2020, Navios Holdings held a 3.9% ownership in Navios Containers. As of June 30, 2021, Navios Holdings had no equity investment in Navios Containers.

Navios Europe II was engaged in the marine transportation industry through the ownership of seven dry bulk and seven containership vessels. Navios Holdings, Navios Acquisition and Navios Partners had voting interests of 50%, 50% and 0%, respectively, and 47.5%, 47.5% and 5% economic interests, respectively, in Navios Europe II. The structure was liquidated in June 2020 (see also Note 14 included elsewhere in this Report).

Fleet

The following is the current Navios Holdings’ “core fleet” employment profile (excluding Navios Logistics). The current “core fleet” consists of 38 vessels totaling 4.1 million deadweight tons and has an average age of 8.6 years. The employment profile of the fleet as of August 30, 2021, is reflected in the tables below. Navios Holdings has currently chartered-out 80.5% of available days for the remaining six months of 2021. 50.0% of these available days are chartered-out on fixed rate and 30.5% are chartered-out on index. Although the rates as presented below are based on contractual charter rates, any contract is subject to performance by the counterparties and us.

Owned Fleet. Navios Holdings owns a fleet comprised of 12 Panamax vessels (which includes five vessels under bareboat contracts), ten Capesize vessels and three Ultra Handymax vessels.

 

  3  

 

 

Vessels

  Type   Built     DWT    

Charter - out Rate(1)

    Profit Share  

Expiration Date(2)

 
Navios Ulysses   Ultra Handymax     2007       55,728           100% of average Baltic Supramax 58 10 TC Index Routes    

 

10/2021

 
Navios Celestial   Ultra Handymax     2009       58,063       9,548     No     12/2021  
Navios Vega   Ultra Handymax     2009       58,792           100% of average Baltic Supramax 58 10 TC Index Routes    

 

11/2021

 
Navios Taurus   Panamax     2005       76,596           100% of average Baltic Panamax Index 4TC Routes     09/2021  
Navios Asteriks   Panamax     2005       76,801           100% of average Baltic Panamax Index 4TC Routes     12/2021  
N Amalthia   Panamax     2006       75,318       9,625    

No

100% of average Baltic Panamax Index 4TC Routes

   

12/2021

01/2022

 
Navios Galileo   Panamax     2006       76,596       9,721    

No

100% of average Baltic Panamax Index 4TC Routes

   

12/2021

01/2022

 
N Bonanza   Panamax     2006       76,596           100% of average Baltic Panamax Index 4TC Routes     12/2021  
Rainbow N   Panamax     2011       79,642       10,688     No     09/2021  
Jupiter N   Panamax     2011       93,062       28,500     No     09/2021  
Navios Stellar   Capesize     2009       169,001           95.75% of average Baltic Capesize 5TC Index Routes     01/2022  
Navios Happiness   Capesize     2009       180,022           100.5% of average Baltic Capesize 5TC Index Routes     09/2022  
                                         

 

Vessels

  Type   Built     DWT    

Charter - out Rate(1)

    Profit Share  

Expiration Date(2)

 
Navios Phoenix   Capesize     2009       180,242      

 

    109.75% of average Baltic Capesize 5TC Index Routes 100% of average Baltic Capesize 5TC Index Routes plus $2,000/day     01/2023  
Navios Lumen   Capesize     2009       180,661       Freight Voyage     No      
Navios Antares   Capesize     2010       169,059           95.75% of average Baltic Capesize 5TC Index Routes     01/2022  
Navios Etoile   Capesize       2010       179,234           101.5% of average Baltic Capesize 5TC Index Routes     02/2022  
Navios Bonheur   Capesize       2010       179,259           100.5% of average Baltic Capesize 5TC Index Routes     12/2021  
Navios Altamira   Capesize       2011       179,165           100.25% of average Baltic Capesize 5TC Index Routes     02/2023  
Navios Canary   Capesize       2015       180,528           119% of average Baltic Capesize 5TC Index Routes     12/2022  
Navios Corali   Capesize       2015       181,249       15,461     No     10/2021  

 

 

 

  4  

 

 

Long-term Bareboat-in Fleet in Operation

 

Vessels   Type   Built     DWT    

Charter-

out

Rate (1)

   

Purchase

Option

  Index  

Expiration

Date (2)

 
Navios Herakles I   Panamax     2019       82,036           Yes   125% of average Baltic Panamax Index 4TC Routes     10/2021  
Navios Uranus   Panamax     2019       81,516       12,588     Yes   No     11/2021  
Navios Galaxy II   Panamax     2020       81,789      

11,994

    Yes  

No

125.0% of average Baltic Panamax Index 4TC Routes

   

12/2021

01/2023

 
Navios Felicity I   Panamax     2020       81,946       32,063     Yes   No     11/2021  
Navios Magellan II   Panamax     2020       82,037           Yes   124.375% of average Baltic Panamax Index 4TC Routes     01/2023  

 

Long-Term Fleet. In addition to the 25 owned vessels, Navios Holdings controls a fleet of nine Panamax, two Capesize, one Ultra Handymax, and one Handysize vessels under long-term charter-in contracts, having an average age of approximately 5.8 years. The average daily charter-in rate for the active long-term charter-in vessels for the remaining six months of 2021 is $16,441. We estimate the days of the long-term charter-in vessels for the remaining six months of 2021 are 2,282 days.

 

Long-term Charter-in Vessels

Vessels

  Type   Built     DWT    

Purchase Option(3)

   

Charter-out Rate(1)

 

 

Expiration Date(2)

 
Navios Lyra   Handysize     2012       34,718       Yes (4)      8,788       11/2021  
Navios Venus   Ultra Handymax     2015       61,339       Yes       (5)     09/2021  
Navios Marco Polo   Panamax     2011       80,647       Yes       30,875       09/2021  
Navios Amber   Panamax     2015       80,994       Yes       (6)     01/2023  
Navios Sky   Panamax     2015       82,056       Yes       (7)     05/2022  
Navios Coral   Panamax     2016       84,904       Yes       (8)     12/2021  
Navios Citrine   Panamax     2017       81,626       Yes       (9)     02/2023  
Navios Dolphin   Panamax     2017       81,630       Yes       (9)     12/2022  
Cassiopeia Ocean   Panamax     2018       82,069       No       29,806     11/2021  
Navios Gemini   Panamax     2018       81,704       No (17)     12,255       04/2022  
                                                               

 

Vessels

  Type   Built     DWT    

Purchase Option(4)

   

Charter-out Rate(1)

 

Expiration Date(2)

 
Navios Horizon I   Panamax     2019       81,692       No (10)      (8)      09/2021  
Navios Felix   Capesize     2016       181,221       Yes       Freight Voyage       10/2021  
Navios Obeliks   Capesize     2012       181,415       Yes       Freight Voyage       10/2021  
                                                           

  

(1) Daily rate net of commissions.
(2) Expected redelivery basis midpoint of full redelivery period or company’s best estimate.
(3) Generally, Navios Holdings may exercise its purchase option after three to five years of service.
(4) Navios Holdings holds the initial 50% purchase option on the vessel.
(5) 110% of average Baltic Supramax 58 10TC Index Routes.
(6) 115% of average Baltic Panamax 4TC Index Routes.
(7) 112% of average Baltic Panamax 4TC Index Routes.
(8) 120% of average Baltic Panamax 4TC Index Routes.
(9) 122% of average Baltic Panamax 4TC Index Routes.
(10) Navios Holdings has the right of first refusal and profit sharing on sale of vessel.

  5  

 

Many of Navios Holdings’ current long-term charter-in vessels are chartered from ship owners with whom Navios Holdings has long-standing relationships. Navios Holdings pays these ship owners daily rates of hire for such vessels, and then charters out these vessels to other parties, who pay Navios Holdings a daily rate of hire. Navios Holdings also enters into COAs pursuant to which Navios Holdings has agreed to carry cargoes, typically for industrial customers, who export or import dry bulk cargoes. Further, Navios Holdings enters into spot market voyage contracts, where Navios Holdings is paid a rate per ton to carry a specified cargo from point A to point B.

Navios Logistics’ Fleet

The following is the current core fleet of Navios Logistics as presented in Navios Logistics’ 6-K for the period ended June 30, 2021 filed with SEC:

 

Pushboats/ Barges/ Inland Oil
Tankers Fleet

 

Number of
Vessels

 

Capacity/BHP

 

Description

 
Pushboat Fleet 30 107,920 BHP Various Sizes and Horsepower
Dry Barges 268 474,050 DWT Dry Cargo
Tank Barges 58 178,948 m3 Liquid Cargo
LPG Barges 3 4,752 m3 LPG
Total 359    

 

 

 

Product Tanker Fleet

 

Year Built

 

DWT

 

Description

 
Estefania H 2008 12,000 Double-hulled Product Tanker
Malva H 2008 8,974 Double-hulled Product Tanker
Makenita H 2009 17,508 Double-hulled Product Tanker
Sara H 2009 9,000 Double-hulled Product Tanker
San San H 2010 16,871 Double-hulled Product Tanker
Ferni H 2010 16,871 Double-hulled Product Tanker
He Man H 2012 1,693 Double-hulled Bunker Vessel
Elena H 2018 4,999 Double-hulled Product Tanker
Total   87,916  

 

Charter Policy and Industry Outlook

Navios Holdings’ policy has been to take a portfolio approach to managing operating risks. This policy may lead Navios Holdings to time charter-out many of the vessels that it is operating (i.e., vessels owned by Navios Holdings or which Navios Holdings has taken into its fleet under charters having a duration of more than 12 months) for long-term periods at fixed or floating rates to various shipping industry counterparties considered by Navios Holdings to have appropriate credit profiles. By doing this, Navios Holdings aims to lock in, subject to credit and operating risks, favorable forward revenue and cash flows, which it believes will cushion it against unfavorable market conditions, when the Company deems necessary. In addition, Navios Holdings may trade additional vessels taken in on shorter term charters of less than 12 months duration as well as voyage charters and COAs.

Generally, these charters, when available, may have the effect of generating Time Charter Equivalent (“TCE”) that are higher than spot employment. The average daily charter-in vessel cost for the Navios Holdings long-term charter-in fleet was $15,911 per day for the three month period ended June 30, 2021. The average long-term charter-in hire rate per vessel was included in the amount of long-term hire included elsewhere in this Report and was computed by (a) multiplying (i) the daily charter-in rate for each vessel by (ii) the number of days each vessel is in operation for the year; (b) summing those individual multiplications; and (c) dividing such total by the total number of charter-in vessel days for the year. Furthermore, Navios Holdings has the ability to increase its owned fleet through purchase options exercisable in the future at favorable prices relative to the then-current market. Navios Holdings holds 10 purchase options to acquire charter- in vessels, and five purchase options to acquire vessels under bareboat contracts.

Navios Holdings believes that a decrease in global commodity demand from its current level, and the delivery of dry bulk carrier new buildings into the world fleet, could have an adverse impact on future revenue and profitability. However, Navios Holdings believes that the operating cost advantage (through the fixed cost contracts provided by NSM) of its owned vessels will continue to help mitigate the impact of any declines in freight rates. A reduced freight rate environment also has an adverse impact on the value of Navios Holdings’ owned fleet. In reaction to a decline in freight rates, available ship financing can also be negatively impacted.

Navios Logistics believes that it owns and operates the largest independent bulk transfer and storage port terminal complex in Uruguay based on throughputs, its Dry Port Terminal, and one of the largest independent storage facilities for crude and petroleum products in Paraguay based on storage capacity, its Liquid Port Terminal. Navios Logistics also believes that it is also one of the largest owners and operators of a diverse and versatile fleet of dry and wet barges, pushboats and oil tankers in the Hidrovia Region. Navios Logistics’ port, barge and cabotage operations serve the needs of a diverse range of industries, including mineral and grain commodity providers as well as users of refined petroleum products. Navios Logistics has been able to combine its ports, barges, pushboats and tankers to offer an integrated logistics solution to its customers. Navios Logistics has customers that have used or use both its dry port and dry barge services such as Vale International S.A. (“Vale”), Vetorial Mineracao S.A. (“Vetorial”), Alicorp and other customers that use its liquid port and liquid barge or cabotage services such as Vitol and Petrosur. Navios Logistics believes that the scale and breadth of its integrated service offerings, together with the strategic location and unique capabilities of its infrastructure assets position it well to capitalize on the continued growth expected in iron ore, grain and liquid trade flows within and from the Hidrovia Region. Navios Holdings believes that the continuing development of these businesses will foster throughput growth and therefore increase revenues at Navios Logistics. Should this development be delayed, grain harvests be reduced, or the market experience an overall decrease in the demand for grain or iron ore, the operations in Navios Logistics could be adversely affected.

  6  

 

Factors Affecting Navios Holdings’ Results of Operations

Navios Holdings believes the principal factors that will affect its future results of operations are the economic, regulatory, political and governmental conditions that affect the shipping industry generally and that affect conditions in countries and markets in which its vessels engage in business. In addition, our business could be materially and adversely affected by the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic. Please read “Risk Factors” included in Navios Holdings’ Annual Report on Form 20-F for the year ended December 31, 2020 filed with the SEC for a discussion of certain risks inherent in its business.

Navios Holdings believes that important measures for analyzing trends in its results of operations include the following:

 

    Market Exposure: Navios Holdings manages the size and composition of its fleet by seeking a mix between chartering and owning vessels in order to adjust to anticipated changes in market rates. Navios Holdings aims to achieve an appropriate balance between owned vessels and long-term charter-in vessels and currently controls approximately 4.1 million dwt in dry bulk tonnage. Navios Holdings’ options to extend the charter duration of vessels it has under long-term time charter (durations of over 12 months) and its purchase options on chartered vessels permit Navios Holdings to adjust the cost and the fleet size to correspond to market conditions.

 

    Available days: Available days are the total number of days a vessel is controlled by a company less the aggregate number of days that the vessel is off-hire due to major repairs or repairs under guarantee, vessel upgrades, drydocking or special surveys and ballast days relating to voyages. The shipping industry uses available days to measure the number of days in a period during which vessels should be capable of generating revenues.

 

    Operating days: Operating days are the number of available days in a period less the aggregate number of days that the vessels are off-hire due to any reason, including unforeseen circumstances.

 

    Fleet utilization: Fleet utilization is the percentage of time that Navios Holdings’ vessels were available for generating revenue, and is determined by dividing the number of operating days during a relevant period by the number of available days during that period.

 

    TCE rates: TCE rates are defined as voyage and time charter revenues less voyage expenses during a period divided by the number of available days during the period. The TCE rate is a standard shipping industry performance measure used primarily to present the actual daily earnings generated by vessels on various types of contracts for the number of available days of the fleet.

 

    Equivalent vessels: Equivalent vessels are defined as the available days of the fleet divided by the number of the calendar days in the period.

Voyage and Time Charter

Revenues are driven primarily by the number and type of vessels in the fleet, the number of days during which such vessels operate and the amount of daily charter hire rates that the vessels earn under charters, which, in turn, are affected by a number of factors, including:

 

    the duration of the charters;

 

    the level of spot market rates at the time of charters;

 

    the level of period charter rates;

 

    decisions relating to vessel acquisitions and disposals;

 

    the amount of time spent positioning vessels;

 

    the amount of time that vessels spend in drydock undergoing repairs and upgrades;

 

    the age, condition and specifications of the vessels; and

 

    the aggregate level of supply and demand in the dry bulk shipping industry.

Time charters are available for varying periods, ranging from a single trip (spot charter) to a long-term period which may be many years. Under a time charter, owners assume no risk for finding business and obtaining and paying for fuel or other expenses related to the voyage, such as port entry fees. In general, a long-term time charter assures the vessel owner of a consistent stream of revenue. Operating the vessel in the spot market affords the owner greater spot market opportunity, which may result in high rates when vessels are in high demand or low rates when vessel availability exceeds demand. Vessel charter rates are affected by world economics, international events, weather conditions, labor strikes, governmental policies, supply and demand, and many other factors that might be beyond the control of management.

Consistent with industry practice, Navios Holdings uses TCE rates as a method of analyzing fluctuations between financial periods and as a method of equating revenue generated from a voyage charter to time charter revenue.

  7  

 

TCE rate also serves as an industry standard for measuring revenue and comparing results between geographical regions and among competitors.

The cost to maintain and operate a vessel increases with the age of the vessel. Older vessels are less fuel efficient, cost more to insure and require upgrades from time to time to comply with new regulations. The average age of Navios Holdings’ owned fleet is currently 8.6 years. As Navios Holdings’ fleet ages or if Navios Holdings expands its fleet by acquiring previously owned and older vessels, the cost per vessel would be expected to rise and, assuming all else, including rates, remains constant, vessel profitability would be expected to decrease.

Statement of Operations Breakdown by Segment

Navios Holdings reports financial information and evaluates its operations by charter revenues and not by vessel type, length of ship employment, customers or type of charter. Navios Holdings does not use discrete financial information to evaluate the operating results for each such type of charter. Although revenue can be identified for each type of charter, management does not identify expenses, profitability or other financial information on a charter-by-charter or type of charter basis. The reportable segments reflect the internal organization of the Company and are strategic businesses that offer different products and services. The Company currently has two reportable segments: the Dry Bulk Vessel Operations and the Logistics Business. The Dry Bulk Vessel Operations segment consists of the transportation and handling of bulk cargoes through the ownership, operation, and trading of vessels and freight. The Logistics Business segment consists of port terminal business, barge business and cabotage business. Navios Holdings measures segment performance based on net income attributable to Navios Holdings’ common stockholders.

For further segment information, please see Note 12 to the unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements included elsewhere in this Report.

Period over Period Comparisons

 

For the Three Month Period Ended June 30, 2021 Compared to the Three Month Period Ended June 30, 2020

The following table presents consolidated revenue and expense information for the three month periods ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively. This information was derived from the unaudited interim condensed consolidated statement of comprehensive income/(loss) of Navios Holdings for the respective periods.

(in thousands of U.S. dollars)  

Three Month

Period Ended

June 30,

2021

(unaudited) 

 

Three Month

Period Ended

June 30

2020

(unaudited)

Revenue   $ 143,624     $ 97,127  
Time charter, voyage and logistics business expenses     (36,841)       (42,710 )
Direct vessel expenses     (29,232)       (26,007 )
General and administrative expenses     (8,544)       (8,836 )
Depreciation and amortization     (15,988)       (18,012 )
Interest expense and finance cost, net     (36,170)       (31,418 )
Impairment loss/loss on sale of vessels, net     (5,406)       (8,967 )
Gain on bond extinguishment     1,873        
Other expense, net     (1,022)       (1,593 )
Income/ (loss) before equity in net earnings of affiliate companies   $ 12,294     $ (40,416 )
Equity in net earnings of affiliate companies     12,854       9,445  
Income/ (loss) before taxes   $ 25,148     $ (30,971 )
Income tax (expense)/benefit     (603)       34  
Net income/(loss)   $ 24,545     $ (30,937 )
Less: Net loss/(income) attributable to the noncontrolling interest     391       (4,334 )
Net income/(loss) attributable to Navios Holdings common stockholders   $ 24,936     $ (35,271 )

  8  

 

Set forth below are selected historical and statistical data for the Dry Bulk Vessel Operations segment for each of the three month periods ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively, that the Company believes may be useful in better understanding the Company’s financial position and results of operations.

 

   

Three Month Period Ended

June 30,

 
    2021     2020  
    (unaudited)     (unaudited)  
FLEET DATA                
Available days     3,916       4,536  
Operating days     3,907       4,507  
Fleet utilization     99.8     99.4
Equivalent vessels     43       50  
AVERAGE DAILY RESULTS                
Time Charter Equivalents   $ 21,572     $ 7,827  

 

During the three month period ended June 30, 2021, there were 620 fewer available days as compared to the same period during 2020 due to (i) a decrease in available days of owned and bareboat-in vessels by 362 days following the sale of four and five of the Company’s vessels in 2021 and 2020, respectively, partially mitigated by the acquisition of two drybulk vessels in 2020; and (ii) a decrease in charter-in vessels’ available days by 258 days due to the redelivery to owners of three charter-in vessels in 2021 and the acquisition of one charter-in vessel which was then sold to a related party.

The average TCE rate for the three month period ended June 30, 2021 was $21,572 per day, which was 175.6% or $13,745 per day higher than the rate achieved in the same period during 2020. This was primarily due to the improvement in the time charter and freight market during the three month period ended June 30, 2021.

Revenue: Revenue from Dry Bulk Vessel Operations for the three month period ended June 30, 2021 increased by $47.8 million, or 124.7%, to $86.1 million, as compared to $38.3 million for the same period during 2020. The increase in dry bulk revenue was mainly attributable to the improvement in time charter and freight market during three month period ended June 30, 2021.

Revenue from the Logistics Business was $57.6 million for the three month period ended June 30, 2021, as compared to $58.8 million for the same period in 2020. The decrease was mainly attributable to (i) a $4.4 million decrease in revenue from the cabotage business mainly due to fewer operating days; (ii) a $3.1 million decrease in sales of products due to the decrease in the Paraguayan liquid port’s volume of products sold; and (iii) a $0.3 million decrease in revenue from the port terminal business mainly due to lower volumes transshipped in the grain port terminal. The overall decrease was partially mitigated by a $6.6 million increase in revenue from the barge business mainly due to a $7.8 million increase in CoA/voyage revenues related to higher liquid cargo moved, partially mitigated by a $1.1 million decrease in time charter revenues mainly due to a decrease in time charter rates.

Time Charter, Voyage and Logistics Business Expenses: Time charter, voyage and logistics business expenses decreased by $5.9 million, or 13.7%, to $36.8 million for the three month period ended June 30, 2021, as compared to $42.7 million for the three month period ended June 30, 2021.

The time charter and voyage expenses from Dry Bulk Vessel Operations decreased by $6.0 million, or 22.4%, to $20.9 million for the three month period ended June 30, 2021, as compared to $27.0 million for the three month period ended June 30, 2020. This decrease was mainly attributable to (i) a $5.1 million decrease in charter-in expenses due to the redelivery to owners of three charter-in vessels in 2021 and the acquisition of one charter-in vessel which was then sold to a related party; (ii) a $0.6 million decrease in port and other voyage expenses; and (iii) a $0.3 million decrease in fuel expenses.

Of the total expenses for the three month periods ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, $15.9 million and $15.8 million, respectively, related to Navios Logistics. The increase of $0.1 million in time charter, voyage and Logistics Business expenses related to Navios Logistics was mainly due to (i) a $2.8 million increase in time charter and voyage expenses of the barge business mainly due to more spot voyages performed; (ii) a $0.1 million increase in port terminal expenses; and (iii) a $0.1 million increase in the time charter and voyage expenses of the cabotage business. The overall increase was partially mitigated by (i) a $2.9 million decrease in cost of products sold mainly attributable to the decrease in the Paraguayan liquid port terminal’s volumes of products sold.

Direct Vessel Expenses: Direct vessel expenses increased by $3.2 million, or 12.4%, to $29.2 million for the three month period ended June 30, 2021, as compared to $26.0 million for the three month period ended June 30, 2020.

Direct vessel expenses from Dry Bulk Vessel Operations decreased by $1.3 million, or 9.8%, to $11.8 million for the three month period ended June 30, 2021, as compared to $13.0 million for the three month period ended June 30, 2020. This decrease was mainly attributable to a $1.7 million decrease in vessel operating expenses (management fees); partially mitigated by (i) a $0.3 million increase in drydocking and special survey amortization; and (ii) a $0.2 million increase in repair expenses.

Of the total amounts for the three month periods ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, $17.5 million and $13.0 million, respectively, were related to Navios Logistics. The increase of $4.5 million was mainly due to (i) a $3.6 million increase in direct vessel expenses of the barge business mainly attributable to the increased utilization of Navios Logistics convoys to service the demand of the COA/voyage market; and (ii) $0.9 million increase in direct vessel expenses of the cabotage business, mainly due to increased crew costs.

  9  

 

General and Administrative Expenses: General and administrative expenses of Navios Holdings are comprised of the following:

(in thousands of U.S. dollars)  

Three Month

Period Ended

June 30,

2021

(unaudited)

   

Three Month

Period Ended

June 30,

2020

(unaudited)

Dry Bulk Vessel Operations   $ 5,054     $ 5,608
Logistics Business     3,490       3,228
General and administrative expenses   $ 8,544     $ 8,836

General and administrative expenses decreased by $0.3 million to $8.5 million for the three month period ended June 30, 2021, as compared to $8.8 million for the three month period ended June 30, 2020. The decrease was mainly attributable to a $0.6 million decrease in general and administrative expenses of Dry Bulk Vessel Operations; partially mitigated by a $0.3 million increase in general and administrative expenses related to Navios Logistics. For the three month periods ended June 30, 2021 and 2020 general and administrative expenses, under the Administrative Services Agreement, amounted to $2.2 million and $2.3 million, respectively.

Depreciation and Amortization: For the three month period ended June 30, 2021, depreciation and amortization decreased by $2.0 million to $16.0 million as compared to $18.0 million for the three month period ended June 30, 2020.

Depreciation expenses related to Dry Bulk Vessel Operations decreased by $2.8 million, or 28.2%, to $7.2 million for the three month period ended June 30, 2021, as compared to $10.0 million for the three month period ended June 30, 2020. This decrease was primarily due to (i) the sale of four of the Company’s vessels for both 2021 and 2020; and (ii) the impact of impairment loss recognized in the fourth quarter of 2020 for two of the Company’s vessels; partially mitigated by the acquisition of two vessels in 2020. Amortization expenses related to dry bulk operations remained stable at $0.7 million for each of the three month periods ended June 30, 2021 and 2020.

Of the total amount of depreciation and amortization expense for each of the three month periods ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, $8.1 million and $7.3 million, respectively, related to Navios Logistics. The increase of $0.8 million in depreciation and amortization related to Navios Logistics was mainly due to (i) a $0.7 million increase in depreciation and amortization of the barge business mainly due to the delivery of each of the six liquid barges completed in the first quarter of 2021 and the three pushboats and 18 tank barges acquired in the first quarter of 2021 (the “Navios Logistics’ 2020 Fleet”); and (ii) a $0.1 million increase in depreciation and amortization of the cabotage business mainly due to increased amortization of dry dock expenses. Depreciation and amortization in the port terminal business amounted to $2.1 million for the three month period ended June 30, 2021, unchanged compared to the same period in 2020.

Interest Expense and Finance Cost, Net: Interest expense and finance cost, net increased by $4.8 million, or 15.1%, to $36.2 million for the three month period ended June 30, 2021, as compared to $31.4 million for the same period in 2020. This increase was mainly due to a $5.9 million increase in interest expense and finance cost, net of the Logistics Business, mainly due to the higher weighted average interest rate of Navios Logistics due to the issuance of the 2025 Logistics Senior Notes; partially mitigated by a $1.1 million decrease in interest expenses and finance cost, net of the Dry Bulk Vessel Operations, mainly due to repayments of credit facilities.

Impairment Loss/ Loss on Sale of Vessels, Net: During the three month period ended June 30, 2021, the Company recognized an impairment loss/loss on sale of vessels of $5.4 million relating to the sale of Navios Ray, Navios Bonavis, Navios Azimuth and Navios Koyo, which was a previously chartered-in vessel. During the three month period ended June 30, 2020, the Company recognized an impairment loss/loss on sale of vessels of $9.0 million relating to the sale of Navios Amitie and Navios Northern Star.

Gain on Bond Extinguishment: During the three month period ended June 30, 2021, the Company repurchased $14.4 million in par value of the 2022 Notes (as defined herein) for cash consideration of $12.5 million resulting in a gain on bond extinguishment of $1.9 million, net of deferred financing costs written-off. During the three month period ended June 30, 2020, no repurchase was effected.

Other Expense, Net: Other expenses, net decreased by $0.6 million, to $1.0 million net expense for the three month period ended June 30, 2021, as compared to $1.6 million for the same period in 2020. This decrease was due to a $0.8 million decrease in other expense, net of the Logistics Business; partially mitigated by a $0.2 million increase in other expense, net of the Drybulk Business.

  10  

 

The increase in other expense, net of Dry Bulk Vessel Operations was mainly due to a $0.3 million increase in taxes other than income taxes; partially mitigated by a $0.1 million increase in miscellaneous other income, net.

The decrease in other expense, net, of the Logistics Business was mainly due to (i) a $0.7 million decrease in the barge business mainly due to positive foreign exchange differences and (ii) a $0.2 million decrease in the cabotage business, mainly due to decreased taxes other than income taxes; partially mitigated by (i) a $0.1 million increase in the port terminal business.

Equity in Net Earnings of Affiliate Companies: Equity in net earnings of affiliate companies increased by $3.4 million, to $12.9 million equity in net earnings for the three month period ended June 30, 2021, as compared to $9.4 million equity in net earnings for the same period in 2020, mainly due to (i) a $10.3 million increase in equity method income from Navios Partners; (ii) a $0.1 million equity method loss from Navios Containers recorded in the three month period ended June 30, 2020; partially mitigated by a $6.9 million decrease in equity method income from Navios Acquisition.

Income Tax (Expense)/Benefit: Income tax benefit for the three month period ended June 30, 2021 decreased by $0.6 million to $0.6 million expense for the three month period ended June 30, 2021, as compared to a less than $0.1 million benefit for the same period in 2020. The total change in income tax was attributable to Navios Logistics due to a $0.9 million decrease in income tax benefit of the barge business, mainly due to the impact of local foreign exchange differences for the three month period ended June 30, 2021; partially mitigated by a $0.3 million increase in income tax benefit of the cabotage business.

Net Loss/ (Income) Attributable to the Noncontrolling Interest: Net income attributable to the noncontrolling interest decreased by $4.7 million to $0.4 million net loss for the three month period ended June 30, 2021, as compared to $4.3 million net income for the same period in 2020. This decrease was mainly due to a decrease in net income of the Logistics Business for the three month period ended June 30, 2021, as compared to the same period in 2020.

For the Six Month Period Ended June 30, 2021 Compared to the Six Month Period Ended June 30, 2020

The following table presents consolidated revenue and expense information for the six month periods ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively. This information was derived from the unaudited interim condensed consolidated statement of comprehensive income/ (loss) of Navios Holdings for the respective periods.

   

Six Month

Period Ended

June 30, 2021

   

Six Month

Period Ended

June 30, 2020

 
(in thousands of U.S. dollars)   (unaudited)     (unaudited)  
Revenue   $ 260,575     $ 188,210  
Time charter, voyage and logistics business expenses     (75,168)       (89,354 )
Direct vessel expenses     (55,147)       (50,738 )
General and administrative expenses     (15,363)       (15,798 )
Depreciation and amortization     (32,254)       (36,088 )
Interest expense and finance cost, net     (72,370)       (63,061 )
Impairment loss/ loss on sale of vessels, net     (25,861)       (20,215 )
Gain on bond extinguishment     1,873       11,204  
Other expense, net     (1,246)       (3,154 )
Impairment of loan receivable from affiliate company           (6,050 )
Loss before equity in net earnings of affiliated companies   $ (14,961)     $ (85,044 )
Equity in net earnings of affiliated companies     40,594       3,308  
Income/ (loss) before taxes   $ 25,633     $ (81,736 )
Income tax benefit     226       73  
Net income/(loss)   $ 25,859     $ (81,663 )
Less: Net income attributable to the noncontrolling interest     (760)       (6,883 )
Net income/(loss) attributable to Navios Holdings common stockholders   $ 25,099     $ (88,546 )

  11  

 

Set forth below are selected historical and statistical data for the Dry Bulk Vessel Operations segment for each of the six month periods ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively, that the Company believes may be useful in better understanding the Company’s financial position and results of operations.

 

   

Six Month Period Ended

June 30,

 
    2021     2020  
    (unaudited)     (unaudited)  
FLEET DATA                
Available days     8,118       9,172  
Operating days     8,088       9,104  
Fleet utilization     99.6     99.3
Equivalent vessels     45       50  
AVERAGE DAILY RESULTS                
Time Charter Equivalents   $ 17,862     $ 7,451  

During the six month period ended June 30, 2021, there were 1,054 fewer available days as compared to the same period in 2020, due to (i) a decrease in charter-in vessels’ available days by 563 days due to the redelivery to owners of two charter-in vessels in both 2021 and 2020, and the acquisition of one and two charter-in vessels in 2021 and 2020; and (ii) a decrease in available days of owned and bareboat-in vessels by 490 days following the sale of four and seven of the Company’s vessels in 2021 and 2020, respectively, partially mitigated by the delivery of seven vessels in 2020.

The average TCE rate for the six month period ended June 30, 2021 was $17,862 per day, $10,441 per day higher than the rate achieved in the same period in 2020. This was primarily due to the improvement in the time charter and freight market during the six month period ended June 30, 2021.

Revenue: Revenue from Dry Bulk Vessel operations for the six month period ended June 30, 2021 increased by $77.2 million, or 106.4%, to $149.8 million, as compared to $72.6 million for the same period in 2020. The increase in dry bulk revenue was mainly attributable to the improvement in time charter and freight market during the six month period ended June 30, 2021.

Revenue from the Logistics Business was $110.8 million for the six month period ended June 30, 2021, as compared to $115.6 million for the same period in 2020. The decrease was mainly attributable to (i) a $7.8 million decrease in sales of products due to the decrease in the Paraguayan liquid port’s volume of products sold; and (ii) a $6.4 million decrease in revenue from the cabotage business mainly due to lower time charter rates affected by market conditions and fewer operating days. The overall decrease was partially mitigated by (i) a $6.7 million increase in revenue from the barge business mainly due to a $13.8 million increase in CoA/voyage revenues related to higher CoA/voyage revenues of convoys previously under time charter contracts, partially mitigated by a $7.2 million decrease in time charter revenues mainly due to the expiration of certain legacy time charter contracts; and (ii) a $2.7 million increase in revenue from the port terminal business mainly due to higher volumes transshipped in the grain port terminal.

Time Charter, Voyage and Logistics Business Expenses: Time charter, voyage and logistics business expenses decreased by $14.2 million, or 15.9%, to $75.2 million for the six month period ended June 30, 2021, as compared to $89.4 million for the six month period ended June 30, 2020.

The time charter and voyage expenses from Dry Bulk Vessel Operations decreased by $10.1 million, or 18.5%, to $44.7 million for the six month period ended June 30, 2021, as compared to $54.9 million for the six month period ended June 30, 2020. This decrease was mainly attributable to a decrease in charter-in and other voyage expenses by $10.1 million.

  12  

 

Of the total amounts of time charter, voyage and logistics business expenses for the six month periods ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, $30.4 million and $34.5 million, respectively, were related to Navios Logistics. The decrease in time charter, voyage and logistics business expenses was mainly due to (i) a $7.6 million decrease in cost of products sold mainly due to the decrease in the Paraguayan liquid port terminal’s volumes of products sold, partially offset by (i) a $2.6 million increase in time charter and voyage expenses of the barge business due to higher voyage expenses, mainly fuel, related to more spot voyages performed; (ii) a $0.7 million increase in the time charter and voyage expenses of the cabotage business mainly due to higher voyage expenses, mainly fuel, related to more spot voyages performed and (iii) a $0.2 million increase in time charter and voyage expenses of the port terminal business, mainly due to higher volumes transshipped in the grain port terminal.

Direct Vessel Expenses: Direct vessel expenses increased by $4.4 million, or 8.7%, to $55.1 million for the six month period ended June 30, 2021, as compared to $50.7 million for the same period in 2020.

Direct vessel expenses from Dry Bulk Vessel Operations decreased by $1.5 million, or 5.7%, to $24.1 million for the six month period ended June 30, 2021, as compared to $25.5 million for the six month period ended June 30, 2020. This decrease was mainly attributable to a $2.2 million decrease in vessel operating expenses (management fees); partially mitigated by (i) a $0.6 million increase in drydocking and special survey amortization; and (ii) a $0.1 million increase in repair expenses.

Of the total amounts of direct vessel expenses for the six month periods ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, $31.1 million and $25.2 million, respectively, were related to Navios Logistics. The increase of $5.9 million in direct vessel expenses related to Navios Logistics was mainly attributable to (i) a $5.0 million increase in the barge business mainly due to the increased utilization of Navios Logistics convoys to service the demand of the COA/voyage market and (ii) a $0.8 million increase in the cabotage business, mainly due to increased crew costs.

General and Administrative Expenses: General and administrative expenses of Navios Holdings are comprised of the following:

 

   

Six Month

Period Ended

June 30,

2021

   

Six Month

Period Ended

June 30,

2020

 
(in thousands of U.S. dollars)   (unaudited)     (unaudited)  
Dry Bulk Vessel Operations   $ 8,595     $ 9,346  
Logistics Business     6,768       6,452  
General and administrative expenses   $ 15,363     $ 15,798  

The decrease in general and administrative expenses by $0.4 million, or 2.8%, to $15.4 million for the six month period ended June 30, 2021, as compared to $15.8 million for the six month period ended June 30, 2020, was attributable to a $0.8 million decrease in general and administrative expenses from Dry Bulk Vessel Operations, partially mitigated by a $0.3 million increase in general and administrative expenses in the Logistics Business. For the six month periods ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, general and administrative expenses, under the Administrative Services Agreement, amounted $4.5 million and $4.6 million, respectively.

Depreciation and Amortization: For the six month period ended June 30, 2021, depreciation and amortization expense decreased by $3.8 million, or 10.6%, to $32.3 million, as compared to $36.1 million for the same period in 2020.

Depreciation expenses related to Dry Bulk Vessel Operations decreased by $4.8 million, or 23.9%, to $15.3 million for the six month period ended June 30, 2020, as compared to $20.1 million for the six month period ended June 30, 2020. This decrease was primarily due to (i) the sale of three and seven of the Company’s vessels in 2021 and 2020, respectively; and (ii) the impairment loss recognized in the fourth quarter of 2020 for two of the Company’s vessels; partially mitigated by the acquisition of four vessels in 2020. Amortization expenses related to Dry Bulk Operations remained stable at $1.4 million for each of the six month periods ended June 30, 2021 and 2020.

Of the total amount of depreciation and amortization expense for the six month periods ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, $15.5 million and $14.5 million, respectively, were related to Navios Logistics. The increase of $1.0 million in depreciation and amortization of the Logistics Business was mainly due to (i) a $0.8 million increase in the barge business mainly due to the delivery of each of the six liquid barges completed in the first quarter of 2021 and the Navios Logistics’ 2020 Fleet acquired in the first quarter of 2021 and (ii) a $0.2 million increase in the port terminal business mainly due to increased depreciation expense of tangible assets; partially mitigated by a $0.1 million decrease in the cabotage business mainly due to reduced amortization of dry dock expenses.

Interest Expense and Finance Cost, Net: Interest expense and finance cost, net increased by $9.3 million, or 14.8%, to $72.4 million for the six month period ended June 30, 2021, as compared to $63.1 million in the same period in 2020. This increase was mainly due to (i) a $11.0 million increase in interest expense and finance cost, net of the Logistics Business; and (ii) a $1.7 million decrease in interest expense and finance cost, net, of Dry Bulk Vessel Operations, mainly due to repayment of credit facilities.

Impairment loss/ loss on sale of vessels, net: During the six month period ended June 30, 2021, the Company recognized an impairment loss/loss on sale of vessels of $25.9 million relating to the sale of Navios Avior, Navios Centaurus, Navios Serenity, Navios Ray, Navios Bonavis, Navios Azimuth and Navios Koyo which was previously chartered-in vessel. During the six month period ended June 30, 2020, the Company recognized an impairment loss/loss on sale of vessels of $20.2 million relating to the sale of Navios Star, Navios Kypros, Navios Amitie and Navios Northern Star.

Gain on bond extinguishment: During the three month period ended June 30, 2021, the Company repurchased $14.4 million in par value of the 2022 Notes (as defined herein) for cash consideration of $12.5 million resulting in a gain on bond extinguishment of $1.9 million, net of deferred financing costs written-off. During the six month period ended June 30, 2020, the Company repurchased $20.8 million of the 2022 Notes (as defined herein) in open market transactions for cash consideration of $9.4 million resulting in a gain on bond extinguishment of $11.2 million, net of deferred fees written-off.

Other Expense, Net: Other expense, net decreased by $1.9 million, to $1.2 million net expense for the six month period ended June 30, 2021, as compared to $3.2 million net expense for the same period in 2020. This decrease was due to a $2.7 million decrease in other expense, net of the Logistics Business; partially mitigated by a $0.8 million increase in other expense, net of Dry Bulk Vessel Operations.

  13  

 

The increase in other expense, net of Dry Bulk Vessel Operations was mainly due to (i) a $0.6 million increase in miscellaneous voyage expenses; (ii) a $0.1 million increase in provision for losses on accounts receivable; and (iii) a $0.1 million increase in taxes other than income taxes.

The decrease in other expense, net of the Logistics Business was mainly due to (i) a $1.3 million decrease in the barge business mainly due to positive foreign exchange differences; (ii) a $0.9 million decrease in the port terminal business, mainly due to an insurance claim settlement and gain from foreign exchange differences and (iii) a $0.5 million decrease in the cabotage business, mainly due to decreased taxes other than income taxes.

Equity in Net Earnings of Affiliate Companies: Equity in net earnings of affiliate companies increased by $37.3 million to $40.6 million equity in net earnings for the six month period ended June 30, 2021, as compared to $3.3 million equity in net earnings of affiliate companies for the same period in 2020, mainly due to (i) a $40.7 million increase in equity method income from Navios Partners, from which the amount of $25.9 million is related to the merger with Navios Containers; (ii) $6.7 million other-than-temporary impairment (“OTTI”) loss relating to the investment in Navios Europe II recognized in the first quarter of 2020; and (iii) a $0.5 million increase in equity method income from Navios Containers. The overall increase was partially mitigated by a $10.5 million decrease in equity method income from Navios Acquisition.

Income Tax Benefit: Income tax benefit for the six month period ended June 30, 2021 increased by $0.2 million to a $0.2 million benefit for the six month period ended June 30, 2021, as compared to a $0.1 million benefit for the same period in 2020. The total change in income tax was mainly attributable to (i) a $0.1 million increase in income tax benefit of the Logistics Business; and (ii) a less than $0.1 million increase in income tax benefit of Dry Bulk Vessel Operations.

The increase of $0.1 million in income tax benefit of the Logistics Business was mainly due to (i) a $0.2 million increase in income tax benefit of the cabotage business; partially mitigated by (ii) a $0.2 million decrease in income tax benefit of the barge business, mainly due to the impact of local foreign exchange differences for the three month period ended June 30, 2021.

Net Income Attributable to the Noncontrolling Interest: Net income attributable to the noncontrolling interest decreased by $6.1 million to $0.8 million for the six month period ended June 30, 2021, as compared to $6.9 million for the same period in 2020. This decrease was mainly due to a decrease in net income of the Logistics Business for the six month period ended June 30, 2021, as compared to the same period in 2020.

Impairment of Loan Receivable from Affiliated Company: Impairment of loan receivable from Navios Europe II amounting to $6.1 million was recognized during the six month period ended June 30, 2020.

Non-Guarantor Subsidiaries

Our non-guarantor subsidiaries accounted for $110.8 million, or 42.5% and $57.6 million, or 40.1%, of our revenue for the six and three month periods ended June 30, 2021, respectively, $2.6 million net loss and $2.9 million net loss of our total net income for the six and three month periods ended June 30, 2021, respectively, $44.0 million and $21.8 million of our Adjusted EBITDA for the six and three month periods ended June 30, 2021, respectively, $1,014.4 million, or 55.5%, of our total assets and $631.3 million, or 34.4%, of our total liabilities, in each case, for the six month period ended as of June 30, 2021. Our non-guarantor subsidiaries accounted for $115.6 million, or 61.4% and $58.8 million, or 60.6%, of our revenue for the six and three month periods ended June 30, 2020, respectively, $12.1 million net income and $7.6 million net income of our total net loss for the six and three month periods ended June 30, 2020, respectively, $42.3 million and $22.6 million of our Adjusted EBITDA for the six and three month periods ended June 30, 2020, respectively, $964.0 million, or 45.6%, of our total assets and $569.7 million, or 27.9%, of our total liabilities, in each case, for the six month period ended as of June 30, 2020. Our non-guarantor subsidiaries accounted for $999.8 million, or 50.7%, of our total assets and $618.8 million, or 30.9%, of our total liabilities, in each case, as of December 31, 2020.

Liquidity and Capital Resources

Navios Holdings has historically financed its capital requirements with cash flows from operations, issuances of debt securities and borrowings under bank credit facilities. Main uses of funds have been refinancings of outstanding debt, capital expenditures for the acquisition of new vessels, new construction and upgrades at the port terminals, and expenditures incurred in connection with ensuring that the owned vessels comply with international and regulatory standards. Navios Holdings may from time to time, subject to restrictions under its debt and equity instruments, including limitations on dividends and repurchases under its preferred stock, depending upon market conditions and financing needs, use available funds to refinance or repurchase its debt in privately negotiated or open market transactions, by tender offer or otherwise, in compliance with applicable laws, rules and regulations, at prices and on terms Navios Holdings deems appropriate (which may be below par) and subject to Navios Holdings cash requirements for other purposes, compliance with the covenants under Navios Holdings’ debt agreements, and other factors management deems relevant. In addition, we regularly review options for refinancing our outstanding indebtedness and opportunities for acquisition of businesses and additional vessels, development of new facilities and infrastructure, joint ventures and other corporate transactions that may be material to us. Generally, our sources of funds may be from cash flows from operations, long-term borrowings and other debt or equity financings, proceeds from asset sales and proceeds from sale of our stake in our investments. We cannot assure you that we will be able to secure adequate financing or obtain additional funds on favorable terms, to meet our liquidity needs. In particular, Navios Holdings’ 7.375% First Priority Ship Mortgage Notes mature in January 2022 and Navios Holdings’ 11.25% Senior Secured Notes mature in August 2022. Although Navios Holdings is currently attempting to address these upcoming maturities and create additional liquidity to fund working capital requirements through the sale of assets and refinancing plans, there can be no assurance it will be successful in such attempts, or that any such attempts will be consummated on satisfactory terms, or at all. See “Working Capital Position” and “Long-Term Debt Obligations and Credit Arrangements” for further discussion of Navios Holdings’ working capital position.

  14  

 

The following table presents cash flow information derived from the unaudited interim condensed consolidated statements of cash flows of Navios Holdings for the six month periods ended June 30, 2021 and 2020.

   

Six Month

Period Ended

June 30,

2021

   

Six Month

Period Ended

June 30,

2020

 
(in thousands of U.S. dollars)   (unaudited)     (unaudited)  
Net cash (used in)/provided by operating activities   $ (1,365 )   $ 5,530  
Net cash provided by/(used in) investing activities     91,074       (56,545
Net cash (used in)/ provided by financing activities     (127,724     27,360  
Decrease in cash and cash equivalents and restricted cash     (38,015     (23,655
Cash and cash equivalents and restricted cash, beginning of period     111,184       78,727  
Cash and cash equivalents and restricted cash, end of period   $ 73,169     $ 55,072  

 

Cash used in operating activities for the six month period ended June 30, 2021, as compared to cash provided by operating activities for the six month period ended June 30, 2020:

Net cash from operating activities decreased by $6.9 million to $1.4 million cash used in operating activities for the six month period ended June 30, 2021, as compared to $5.5 million cash provided by operating activities for the six month period ended June 30, 2020. In determining net cash (used in)/provided by operating activities, net income is adjusted for the effects of certain non-cash items as discussed below.

The aggregate adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash used in operating activities was $26.0 million gain for the six month period ended June 30, 2021, which consisted mainly of the following adjustments: (i) $32.3 million depreciation and amortization; (ii) $25.9 million impairment loss/loss on sale of vessels; (iii) $5.3 million amortization of deferred drydock expenses; (iv) $4.6 million amortization of deferred financing costs; (v) $0.3 million relating to stock-based compensation; and (vi) $0.2 million allowance for credit losses. These adjustments were partially offset by (i) a $40.5 million movement in earnings in affiliate companies, net of dividends received; (ii) a $0.2 million movement in income tax benefit; and (iii) a $1.9 million movement in gain on bond extinguishment.

The net cash outflow resulting from the change in operating assets and liabilities of $53.2 million for the six month period ended June 30, 2021 resulted from (i) $15.6 million payments for drydock and special survey costs; (ii) a $14.9 million increase in accounts receivable, net; (iii) a $11.4 million decrease in due to affiliate companies; (iv) a $9.0 million decrease in operating lease liabilities; (v) a $4.0 million decrease in accrued expenses; (vi) a $3.3 million increase in prepaid expenses and other assets; (vii) a $2.5 million increase in inventories; and (viii) a $0.2 million decrease in accrued interest payable to affiliate companies. These were partially mitigated by (i) a $4.8 million increase in accounts payable; (ii) a $2.8 million increase in deferred income; and (iii) a $0.1 million decrease in due from affiliate companies.

The aggregate adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash provided by operating activities was $59.0 million gain for the six month period ended June 30, 2020, which consisted mainly of the following adjustments: (i) $36.1 million depreciation and amortization; (ii) $20.2 million impairment loss/loss on sale of vessels; (iii) $6.1 million of impairment loss in relation to our loan receivable from Navios Europe II; (iv) $5.0 million of amortization of deferred drydock expenses; (v) $3.7 million of amortization of deferred finance fees; (vi) $0.7 million relating to share-based compensation; and (vii) $0.6 million allowance for credit losses. These adjustments were partially offset by (i) $11.2 million gain on bond extinguishment; (iv) a $0.2 million movement in losses in affiliates, net of dividends received; and (v) a $0.1 million movement in income taxes.

The net cash inflow resulting from the change in operating assets and liabilities of $28.2 million for the six month period ended June 30, 2020 resulted from (i) a $22.9 million decrease in receivable from affiliate companies; (ii) a $19.2 million increase in payable to affiliate companies; (iii) a $8.1 million increase in accounts payable; (iv) a $5.8 million increase in accrued expenses; and (v) a $1.7 million increase in deferred income. These were partially mitigated by (i) a $14.1 million payments for drydock and special survey costs; (ii) a $5.2 million increase in prepaid expenses and other assets; (iii) a $4.6 million decrease in operating lease liabilities; (iv) a $3.9 million decrease in inventories; (v) a $1.3 million decrease in accrued interest payable to affiliate companies; (vi) a $0.3 million increase in accounts receivables; and (vii) a $0.1 million decrease in other long term liabilities.

  15  

 

Cash provided by investing activities for the six month period ended June 30, 2021 as compared to cash used in investing activities for the six month period ended June 30, 2020:

Cash provided by investing activities was $91.1 million for the six month period ended June 30, 2021 as compared to $56.5 million cash used in investing activities for the same period in 2020.

Cash provided by investing activities for the six months ended June 30, 2021 for Dry Bulk Vessel Operations was the result of (i) $137.0 million in proceeds from sale of Navios Astra, Navios Centaurus, Navios Avior, Navios Serenity, Navios Ray, Navios Bonavis, Navios Koyo which was a previously chartered-in vessel; (ii) $0.2 million in dividends received from Navios Acquisition; partially mitigated by $24.2 million in payments made by the Company for acquisition of/additions to vessels.

Cash used in investing activities for the six month period ended June 30, 2021 for the Logistics’ Business was the result of (i) $15.4 million in payments for the acquisition of Navios Logistics’ three pushboats and 18 liquid barges, (ii) $3.1 million for the construction of a crane, (iii) $2.0 million in payments for the purchase of fixed assets, (iv) $1.2 million in payments for the construction of Navios Logistics’ six new liquid barges and (v) $0.2 million in payments for the construction of Navios Logistics’ two new tanks and (vi) $0.1 million in payments for the development of Navios Logistics’ port operations in Port Murtinho region of Brazil.

Cash used in investing activities for the six months ended June 30, 2020 for Dry Bulk Vessel Operations was the result of (i) $96.5 million in payments made by the Company for acquisition of/additions to vessels; (ii) $2.1 million in payments as deposits for options to acquire vessels under bareboat contracts; (iii) $23.1 million of proceeds from sale of Navios Star, Navios Hios and Navios Kypros; (iv) $18.6 million proceeds from loan repayment from affiliate company; and (v) $2.9 million in dividends received from Navios Acquisition.

Cash used in investing activities for the six months ended June 30, 2020 for the Logistics Business was the result of (i) $1.7 million in payments for the purchase of fixed assets; (ii) $0.5 million in payments for the construction of Navios Logistics’ two new tanks in its liquid port terminal; and (iii) $0.4 million in payments for the construction of Navios Logistics’ six new liquid barges; partially mitigated by $0.1 million in collections of Navios Logistics’ note receivable.

 

Cash used in financing activities for the six month period ended June 30, 2021 as compared to cash provided by financing activities for the six month period ended June 30, 2020:

Cash used in financing activities was $127.7 million for the six month period ended June 30, 2021, as compared to $27.4 million cash provided by financing activities for the same period in 2020.

Cash used in financing activities for the six months ended June 30, 2021 for the Dry Bulk Vessel Operations was the result of (i) $104.8 million in payments made in connection with the Company’s outstanding indebtedness; and (ii) $12.5 million in payments for the repurchase of the 2022 Notes.

Cash used in financing activities for the six month period ended June 30, 2021 for the Logistics Business was the result of (i) $8.2 million in payments made in connection with Navios Logistics’ outstanding indebtedness; and (ii) $2.3 million in payments for the repayment of Navios Logistics’ Notes Payable (as defined below).

Cash provided by financing activities for the six months ended June 30, 2020 for the Dry Bulk Vessel Operations was the result of (i) $66.8 million in proceeds from Navios Holdings’ long term debt (net of deferred financing cost of $1.2 million); (ii) $31.5 million of proceeds from loan payable to affiliate companies;(iii) $31.5 million of repayments of loan payable to affiliate companies; (iv) $13.8 millionof payments made in connection with the Company’s outstanding indebtedness; and (v) $9.4 million in payments for the repurchase of the 2022 Notes.

Cash used in financing activities for the six months ended June 30, 2020 for the Logistics Business was the result of (i) $9.9 million in dividend paid to the noncontrolling shareholders; (ii) $10.0 million in payments relating to the redemption of preferred stock; (iii) $7.0 million in payments for the repurchase of senior notes; and (iv) $4.0 million proceeds from long-term loans.

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Adjusted EBITDA: EBITDA represents net income/(loss) attributable to Navios Holdings’ common stockholders before interest and finance costs, depreciation and amortization and income taxes. Adjusted EBITDA represents EBITDA before stock based compensation. We use Adjusted EBITDA as a liquidity measure and reconcile Adjusted EBITDA to net cash provided by operating activities, the most comparable U.S. GAAP liquidity measure. Adjusted EBITDA is calculated as follows: net cash provided by operating activities adding back, when applicable and as the case may be, the effect of (i) net increase/(decrease) in operating assets; (ii) net (increase)/decrease in operating liabilities; (iii) net interest cost; (iv) deferred financing costs and gains/(losses) on bond and debt extinguishment, net; (v) allowance for credit losses; (vi) earnings/(losses) in affiliate companies, net of dividends received; (vii) payments for drydock, special survey costs and other capitalized items; (viii) noncontrolling interest; (ix) gain/ (loss) on sale of assets; (x) unrealized (loss)/gain on derivatives; (xi) loss on sale and reclassification to earnings of available-for-sale securities; and (xii) impairment losses. Navios Holdings believes that Adjusted EBITDA is a basis upon which liquidity can be assessed and represents useful information to investors regarding Navios Holdings’ ability to service and/or incur indebtedness, pay capital expenditures and meet working capital requirements. Navios Holdings also believes that Adjusted EBITDA is used (i) by prospective and current lessors as well as potential lenders to evaluate potential transactions; (ii) to evaluate and price potential acquisition candidates; and (iii) by securities analysts, investors and other interested parties in the evaluation of companies in our industry.

Adjusted EBITDA has limitations as an analytical tool, and therefore, should not be considered in isolation or as a substitute for the analysis of Navios Holdings’ results as reported under U.S. GAAP. Some of these limitations are: (i) Adjusted EBITDA does not reflect changes in, or cash requirements for, working capital needs; (ii) Adjusted EBITDA does not reflect the amounts necessary to service interest or principal payments on our debt and other financing arrangements; and (iii) although depreciation and amortization are non-cash charges, the assets being depreciated and amortized may have to be replaced in the future. Adjusted EBITDA does not reflect any cash requirements for such capital expenditures. Because of these limitations, among others, Adjusted EBITDA should not be considered as an indicator of Navios Holdings’ performance. Furthermore, our calculation of Adjusted EBITDA may not be comparable to that reported by other companies due to differences in methods of calculation.

Adjusted EBITDA Reconciliation to Cash from Operations

    Three Month Period Ended 
   

June 30,

2021

 

June 30,

2020

(in thousands of U.S. dollars)   (unaudited)    (unaudited) 
Net cash provided by operating activities   $ 26,037   $ 7,012
Net increase/ (decrease) in operating assets     11,276     (5,931)
Net increase in operating liabilities     (9,831)     (17,324)
Interest expense and finance cost, net     36,170     31,418
Deferred financing costs     (2,164)     (1,905)
Allowance for credit losses     (3)     (167)
Earnings in affiliate companies, net of dividends received     12,827     8,829
Payments for drydock and special survey costs     9,366     8,314
Net income attributable to the noncontrolling interest     391     (4,334)
Impairment loss/ loss on sale of vessels, net     (5,406)     (8,967)
Gain on bond extinguishment     1,873    
Adjusted EBITDA   $ 80,536   $ 16,945

 

    Six Month Period Ended 
   

June 30,

2021

 

June 30,

2020

(in thousands of U.S. dollars)   (unaudited)    (unaudited) 
Net cash (used in)/ provided by operating activities   $ (1,365)   $ 5,530
Net increase/ (decrease) in operating assets     20,602     (9,933)
Net decrease/ (increase) in operating liabilities     17,016     (32,392)
Interest expense and finance cost, net     72,370     63,061
Deferred financing costs     (4,611)     (3,733)
Allowance for credit losses     (249)     (575)
Earnings in affiliate companies, net of dividends received     40,504     8,680
Payments for drydock and special survey costs     15,609     14,129
Net income attributable to the noncontrolling interest     (760)     (6,883)
Impairment loss/ loss on sale of vessels, net     (25,861)     (20,215)
Gain on bond extinguishment     1,873     11,204
Impairment loss on investment in affiliate company         (6,650)
Impairment of loan receivable from affiliate company         (6,050)
Adjusted EBITDA   $ 135,128   $ 16,173

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Adjusted EBITDA for the three month period ended June 30, 2021 was $80.5 million as compared to $16.9 million for the same period of 2020. The $63.6 million increase in Adjusted EBITDA was primarily due to (i) a $46.5 million increase in revenue; (ii) a $5.9 million decrease in time charter, voyage and logistics business expenses; (iii) a $4.7 million decrease in net income attributable to the noncontrolling interest; (iv) a $3.6 million decrease in impairment losses on sale of vessels; (v) a $3.4 million increase in equity in net earnings from affiliate companies; (vi) a $1.9 million increase in gain on bond extinguishment; (vii) a $0.6 million decrease in other expense, net; and (viii) a $0.1 million decrease in general and administrative expenses (excluding stock-based compensation expenses). This overall increase of $66.6 million was partially mitigated by a $3.0 million increase in direct vessel expenses (excluding the amortization of deferred drydock, special survey costs and other capitalized items).

Adjusted EBITDA for the six month period ended June 30, 2021 was $135.1 million as compared to $16.2 million for the same period of 2020. The $119.0 million increase in Adjusted EBITDA was primarily due to (i) a $72.4 million increase in revenue; (ii) a $37.3 million increase in equity in net earnings from affiliate companies; (iii) a $14.2 million decrease in time charter, voyage and logistics business expenses; (iv) a $6.1 million decrease in net income attributable to the noncontrolling interest; (v) a $6.1 million impairment loss of loan receivable from Navios Europe II recorded in the three month period ended June 30, 2020; (vi) a $1.9 million decrease in other expense, net; and (vii) a $0.1 million decrease in general and administrative expenses (excluding stock-based compensation expenses). This overall increase of $138.0 million was partially mitigated by (i) a $9.3 million decrease in gain on bond extinguishment; (ii) a $5.6 million increase in impairment losses on sale of vessels; and (iii) a $4.1 million increase in direct vessel expenses (excluding the amortization of deferred drydock, special survey costs and other capitalized items).

Long-Term Debt Obligations and Credit Arrangements

Secured Credit Facilities

As of June 30, 2021, the Company repaid $70.1 million of debt, being (i) the $11.1 million outstanding loan balance with Credit Agricole Corporate and Investment bank, (ii) the $11.4 million outstanding loan balance with Credit Agricole Corporate and Investment bank, (iii) the $9.9 million outstanding loan balance with Hamburg Commercial Bank AG, (iv) the $4.5 million outstanding loan balance with DVB Bank S.E., (v) the $20.2 million outstanding loan balance with Alpha Bank A.E., and (vi) the $12.9 million outstanding loan balance with Alpha Bank A.E.

As of June 30, 2021, the Company had no secured bank credit facilities following their full repayment.

2022 Senior Secured Notes

On November 21, 2017, the Company and its wholly owned subsidiary, Navios Maritime Finance II (US) Inc. (together with the Company, the “Co-Issuers”) issued $305.0 million of 11.25% Senior Notes due 2022, at a price of 97% (the “2022 Senior Secured Notes”).

The 2022 Senior Secured Notes are secured by a first priority lien on certain capital stock owned by certain of the subsidiary guarantors of the Company in each of Navios GP L.L.C., Navios Maritime Acquisition Corporation, Navios South American Logistics Inc. and Navios Partners (following the merger of Navios Containers with Navios Partners). The 2022 Senior Secured Notes are unregistered and guaranteed by all of the Company’s direct and indirect subsidiaries, except for certain subsidiaries designated as unrestricted subsidiaries, including Navios Logistics.

The subsidiary guarantees are “full and unconditional”, except that the indenture provides for an individual subsidiary’s guarantee to be automatically released in certain customary circumstances, such as when a subsidiary is sold or all of the assets of the subsidiary are sold, the capital stock is sold, when the subsidiary is designated as an “unrestricted subsidiary” for purposes of the indenture, upon liquidation or dissolution of the subsidiary or upon legal or covenant defeasance or satisfaction and discharge of the 2022 Senior Secured Notes.

The Co-Issuers have the option to redeem the 2022 Senior Secured Notes in whole or in part, at any time at par.

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Upon occurrence of certain change of control events, the holders of the 2022 Senior Secured Notes may require the Co-Issuers to repurchase some or all of the 2022 Senior Secured Notes at 101% of their face amount. The 2022 Senior Secured Notes contain covenants which, among other things, limit the incurrence of additional indebtedness, issuance of certain preferred stock, the payment of dividends, redemption or repurchase of capital stock or making restricted payments and investments, creation of certain liens, transfer or sale of assets, entering in transactions with affiliate companies, merging or consolidating or selling all or substantially all of the Co-Issuers’ properties and assets and creation or designation of restricted subsidiaries. The indenture governing the 2022 Senior Secured Notes includes customary events of default. The Co-Issuers were in compliance with the covenants as of June 30, 2021.

Under the terms of the 2022 Senior Secured Notes, the Company had an obligation to make a springing maturity offer in September 2021 to repurchase those notes at par unless certain conditions relating to the refinancing of our 2022 Notes are met.

On October 1, 2020, the Company entered into (1) the Sixth Supplemental Indenture to amend the terms of the indenture and related pledge agreements governing the 2022 Senior Secured Notes following its receipt of consents from bondholders representing a majority in aggregate principal amount (the “Consenting Noteholders”) of the 2022 Senior Secured Notes and (2) a consent agreement with the Consenting Noteholders (“Consent Agreement”) whereby the Consenting Noteholders agreed, subject to the satisfaction of certain conditions in the Consent Agreement, to provide their consents, as part of a consent solicitation to be made by the Company on or before the earlier of (i) 60 days following the consummation of a Qualified IPO (as defined in the Sixth Supplemental Indenture) of Navios Logistics or (ii) September 5, 2021, to the amendments contained in the form of supplemental indenture (“Form of Supermajority Supplemental Indenture”) which amendments require consent from 66 2/3% of the outstanding 2022 Senior Secured Notes affected.

The Sixth Supplemental Indenture, among other things, (i) clarifies that all past dividends paid in respect of equity pledged as collateral for the 2022 Senior Secured Notes and any future dividends paid in respect of equity pledged as collateral (other than equity of Navios Logistics) can be used by the Company for general corporate purposes, absent a Default or Event of Default, (ii) provides that future dividends paid in respect of equity of Navios Logistics pledged as collateral for the 2022 Senior Secured Notes may be used only to redeem or repurchase 2022 Senior Secured Notes (including, absent a Default or an Event of Default, at a discount to par), (iii) eliminates the Company’s obligation to make a springing maturity offer for the 2022 Senior Secured Notes; and (iv) states, for the avoidance of doubt, that the Company may agree to the cancellation of amounts it owes to Navios Logistics under that certain loan agreement dated as of April 25, 2019 (as amended) (the “Grimaud Loan”) in lieu of the receipt of pro rata cash dividends from Navios Logistics. The Sixth Supplemental Indenture became effective upon its execution by the Company and the Trustee, but the amendments and waivers contained therein will become operative only upon the occurrence of a Qualified IPO of Navios Logistics.

The Form of Supermajority Supplemental Indenture would further amend the Indenture to permit the Company to use the net proceeds it receives from any sale of Navios Logistics equity in connection with or following a Qualified IPO of Navios Logistics to repurchase 2022 Senior Secured Notes at a discount to par in certain circumstances.

There can be no assurance that the Company will receive the additional consents necessary to cause the amendments contemplated by the Form of Supermajority Supplemental Indenture to become effective.

On November 17, 2020, the Company entered into the Seventh Supplemental Indenture to further amend the terms of the indenture governing the 2022 Senior Secured Notes, pursuant to which Wilmington Trust, National Association became the successor Trustee and successor Collateral Trustee in respect of the 2022 Senior Secured Notes.

On June 29, 2021, the Company entered into the Eighth Supplemental Indenture which eliminated the Company’s obligation to make a springing maturity offer for the 2022 Senior Secured Notes following the Redemption. On July 23, 2021, the Company completed the Redemption. The Redemption was funded through (i) the sale of a vessel pledged as collateral in respect of the 2022 Senior Secured Notes and (ii) the borrowing of $75.3 million from an affiliate company of NSM.

The Eighth Supplemental Indenture also, among other things, (i) clarifies that all past dividends paid in respect of equity pledged as collateral for the 2022 Senior Secured Notes and any future dividends paid in respect of equity pledged as collateral (other than equity of Navios Logistics) can be used by the Company for general corporate purposes, absent a Default or Event of Default; (ii) provides that future dividends paid in respect of equity of Navios Logistics pledged as collateral for the 2022 Senior Secured Notes may be used only to redeem or repurchase 2022 Senior Secured Notes; and (iii) permits the lender under the $115.0 million NSM Loan (as defined herein) to take a second lien on the pledged share collateral (which pledged share collateral secures the 2022 Senior Secured Notes on a first lien basis).

On July 23, 2021, the Company completed the Redemption of an aggregate principal amount of $100.0 million of the 2022 Secured Notes at a redemption price equal to 100.00% of the aggregate principal amount thereof, plus accrued and unpaid interest to, but excluding, the redemption date.

  19  

 

On September 3, 2021, the Company issued a notice of redemption with respect to an aggregate principal amount of $20.0 million of its 2022 Senior Secured Notes at a redemption price equal to 100.00% of the aggregate principal amount thereof, plus accrued and unpaid interest to, but excluding, the redemption date of September 13, 2021.

After the Redemption and the Second Redemption, $185.0 million in aggregate principal amount of the 2022 Senior Secured Notes remain outstanding which mature in August 2022.

2022 Notes

On November 29, 2013, the Co-Issuers completed the sale of $650.0 million of 7.375% First Priority Ship Mortgage Notes due 2022 (the “2022 Notes”). During 2018, the Company repurchased $35.7 million in par value of the 2022 Notes for cash consideration of $28.8 million. During 2019, Navios Logistics repurchased $35.5 million in par value of the 2022 Notes in open market transactions for cash consideration of $17.6 million. During 2019, the Company repurchased $81.2 million in par value of the 2022 Notes for cash consideration of $50.7 million. During the three month period ended June 30, 2020, there were no repurchases. During the six month period ended June 30, 2020, the Company repurchased $20.8 million in par value of the 2022 Notes for cash consideration of $9.4 million resulting in a gain on bond extinguishment of $11.2 million, net of deferred financing costs written-off. During the three and six month periods ended June 30, 2021, the Company repurchased $14.4 million in par value of the 2022 Notes for cash consideration of $12.5 million resulting in a gain on bond extinguishment of $1.9 million, net of deferred financing costs written-off. In August 2021, the Company repurchased $7.0 million in par value of the 2022 Notes for cash consideration of $6.1 million resulting in a gain on bond extinguishment of $0.9 million, net of deferred financing costs written-off. After these repurchases, the remaining amount of 2022 Notes is $455.5 million.

The 2022 Notes are senior obligations of the Co-Issuers and were originally secured by first priority ship mortgages on 23 dry bulk vessels owned by certain subsidiary guarantors and certain other associated property and contract rights. In January 2021, Navios Asteriks and part of the cash collateral of $14,250 held in escrow accounts were released and replaced by Navios Bonheur. In April 2021, Navios Serenity and the remaining cash collateral held in escrow accounts were released and replaced by Navios Asteriks. Currently, the 2022 Notes are secured by 17 drybulk vessels. The 2022 Notes are unregistered and fully and unconditionally guaranteed, jointly and severally by all of the Company’s direct and indirect subsidiaries, other than Navios Maritime Finance (US) Inc., Navios Logistics and its subsidiaries and Navios GP L.L.C.

The guarantees of the Company’s subsidiaries that own mortgaged vessels are senior secured guarantees and the guarantees of the Company’s subsidiaries that do not own mortgaged vessels are senior unsecured guarantees. In addition, the Co-Issuers have the option to redeem the 2022 Notes in whole or in part at par.

Upon occurrence of certain change of control events, the holders of the 2022 Notes may require the Co-Issuers to repurchase some or all of the 2022 Notes at 101% of their face amount. The 2022 Notes contain covenants, which among other things, limit the incurrence of additional indebtedness, issuance of certain preferred stock, the payment of dividends, redemption or repurchase of capital stock or making restricted payments and investments, creation of certain liens, transfer or sale of assets, entering into certain transactions with affiliate companies, merging or consolidating or selling all or substantially all of the Co-Issuers’ properties and assets and creation or designation of restricted subsidiaries. The indenture governing the 2022 Notes includes customary events of default. The Co-Issuers were in compliance with the covenants as of June 30, 2021.

2024 Notes

On March 21, 2019, Navios Holdings issued $4.7 million of 9.75% Senior Notes due 2024 (the “2024 Notes”) as an exchange for a total of 10,930 Series H shares which were validly tendered as of that date (Refer to Note 10 to the unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements included in this Report).

On April 21, 2019, Navios Holdings issued $3.9 million of the 2024 Notes as an exchange for a total of 8,841 Series G shares which were validly tendered as of that date. (Refer to Note 10 to the unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements included in this Report).

The 2024 Notes are Navios Holdings’ senior unsecured general obligations and rank senior in right of payment to any of Navios Holding’s existing and future debt that expressly provides that it is subordinated to the 2024 Notes, pari passu in right of payment with all of Navios Holding’s existing and future senior obligations, structurally subordinated in right of payment to the obligations of Navios Holding’s subsidiaries, and effectively subordinated in right of payment to any existing and future obligations of Navios Holdings that are secured by property or assets that do not secure the 2024 Notes, including the 2022 Senior Secured Notes and the 2022 Notes, to the extent of the value of any such property and assets securing such other obligations. The 2024 Notes are not guaranteed by any of Navios Holdings’ subsidiaries.

  20  

 

The indenture governing the 2024 Notes does not contain restrictive covenants but does include customary events of default.

Navios Holdings has the option to redeem the 2024 Notes, in whole or in part, at any time, at a redemption price equal to 100% of the principal amount of the 2024 Notes to be redeemed, plus accrued interest.

NSM Loan

On August 29, 2019, Navios Holdings entered into a secured loan agreement of $141.8 million (including post-closing adjustments) with Navios Shipmanagement Holdings Corporation, a wholly owned subsidiary of NSM (“NSM Loan”). As of June 30, 2021, the total outstanding balance of this facility amounted to $57.0 million, including $0.4 million of accrued interest. Please see also Note 9 included elsewhere in this Report.

$50.0 million NSM Loan

In June 2020, Navios Holdings entered into a secured loan agreement with Navios Shipmanagement Holdings Corporation, a wholly owned subsidiary of NSM (“$50.0 million NSM Loan”) for a loan of up to $50.0 million to be used for general corporate purposes. As of June 30, 2021, the total outstanding balance of this facility amounted to $40.0 million, including $0.3 million of accrued interest. On July 12, 2021, the Company refinanced the outstanding balance of this facility through the $115.0 million NSM Loan. Please see also Note 9 included elsewhere in this Report.

$115.0 million NSM Loan

In June 2021, Navios Holdings entered into a secured loan agreement with Navios Shipmanagement Holdings Corporation, a wholly owned subsidiary of NSM (“$115.0 million NSM Loan”) for a loan up to $115.0 million in advances (i) to refinance the $50.0 million NSM Loan, (ii) to redeem certain 2022 Senior Secured Notes and (iii) to be used for general corporate purposes. In July 2021, the amount of this facility was fully drawn. Please see also Note 9 included elsewhere in this Report.

Sale and Leaseback Agreements

In the first quarter of 2020, the Company entered into two sale and leaseback agreements of $68.0 million in total, with unrelated third parties for two Capesize vessels (the “Sale and Leaseback Agreements”). Navios Holdings has no purchase obligation to acquire the vessels at the end of the lease term, however, it is reasonably certain that respective purchase options will be exercised and under ASC 842-40, the transfer of the vessels was determined to be a failed sale. In accordance with ASC 842-40, the Company did not derecognize the respective vessels from its balance sheet and accounted for the amounts received under the Sale and Leaseback Agreements as a financial liability.

The Sale and Leaseback Agreements are repayable by 144 consecutive monthly payments of approximately $0.2 million each, commencing as of January 2020 and March 2020, respectively. As of June 30, 2021, the outstanding balance under the Sale and Leaseback Agreements of the two Capesize vessels was $60.2 million in total. The agreements mature in the fourth quarter of 2031 and first quarter of 2032, respectively, with a balloon payment of $0.8 million per vessel on the last repayment date.

The Sale and Leaseback Agreements have no financial covenants.

2025 Logistics Senior Notes

On July 8, 2020, Navios Logistics and its wholly-owned subsidiary Navios Logistics Finance (US) Inc. (“Logistics Finance” and, together with Navios Logistics, the “Logistics Co-Issuers”) issued $500.0 million in aggregate principal amount of senior secured notes due 2025 (the “2025 Logistics Senior Notes), at a fixed rate of 10.75%. The net proceeds from the offering of the 2025 Logistics Senior Notes were used to satisfy and discharge the indenture governing the 2022 Logistics Senior Notes, to repay all amounts outstanding under the Navios Logistics’ Term Loan B Facility and to pay certain fees and expenses related to the offering, with the balance to be used for general corporate purposes.

On or after August 1, 2022, the Logistics Co-Issuers may redeem some or all of the 2025 Logistics Senior Notes at the redemption prices set forth in the indenture governing the 2025 Logistics Senior Notes. In addition, before August 1, 2022, the Logistics Co-Issuers may redeem up to 35% of the aggregate principal amount of the 2025 Logistics Senior Notes at a price equal to 110.750% of the principal amount of the 2025 Logistics Senior Notes to be redeemed plus accrued and unpaid interest, if any, to the redemption date with an amount equal to the net cash proceeds of one or more equity offerings so long as at least 50% of the originally issued aggregate principal amount of the 2025 Logistics Senior Notes remains outstanding. Prior to August 1, 2022, the Logistics Co-Issuers may also redeem all or a part of the 2025 Logistics Senior Notes at a redemption price equal to the sum of: (a) 100% of the principal amount of the 2025 Logistics Senior Notes to be redeemed; plus (b) the applicable “make-whole” premium described in the Indenture governing the 2025 Logistics Senior Notes, plus (c) accrued and unpaid interest, if any, on the 2025 Logistics Senior Notes to be redeemed, to (but excluding) the applicable redemption date, subject to the right of holders of notes on the relevant record date to receive interest due on all the relevant interest payment dates. The Logistics Co-Issuers may also redeem all, but not less than all, of the 2025 Logistics Senior Notes at a price equal to 100% of the principal amount plus accrued and unpaid interest, if any, upon certain changes in law that would trigger the payment of withholding taxes. Furthermore, upon the occurrence of certain change of control events, the Logistics Co-Issuers may be required to offer to purchase 2025 Logistics Senior Notes from holders at a price equal to 100% of the principal amount plus accrued and unpaid interest, if any.

  21  

 

The 2025 Logistics Senior Notes are senior secured obligations of the Logistics Co-Issuers and rank equal in right of payment to all of their existing and future senior indebtedness and senior in right of payment to all of their future subordinated indebtedness. The 2025 Logistics Senior Notes are fully and unconditionally guaranteed, jointly and severally, by all of the Navios Logistics’ direct and indirect subsidiaries, other than the Logistics Co-Issuer and Grimaud Ventures S.A. (the “Grimaud”). The 2025 Logistics Senior Notes are secured by (i) first priority ship mortgages on four tanker vessels servicing the Navios Logistics’ cabotage business (the (1) Elena H, (2) Makenita H, (3) Sara H and (4) He Man H) owned by certain subsidiary guarantors (such guarantors, the “Mortgaged Vessel Guarantors”) and related assignments of earnings and insurance together with a first priority lien on the capital stock of each Mortgaged Vessel Guarantor; and (ii) an assignment by way of security of the Vale Port Contract (collectively, the “Collateral”). The 2025 Logistics Senior Notes will be effectively senior to all existing and future obligations of the subsidiary guarantors that own Collateral to the extent of the value of the Collateral but effectively junior to any existing and future secured obligations of the Logistics Co-Issuers and the subsidiary guarantors that are secured by assets other than the Collateral to the extent of the value of any assets securing such other obligations. The indenture governing the 2025 Logistics Senior Notes contains restrictive covenants that limit, among other things, the ability of the Logistics Co-Issuers and their subsidiaries to incur additional indebtedness, pay dividends and make distributions on common and preferred stock, make other restricted payments, make investments, incur liens, consolidate, merge, sell or otherwise dispose of all or substantially all of their assets and enter into certain transactions with affiliate companies, in each case, subject to exclusions, and other customary covenants. The indenture governing the 2025 Logistics Senior Notes also contains customary events of default.

The Logistics Co-Issuers were in compliance with the covenants as of June 30, 2021.

As of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, deferred finance costs associated with the 2025 Logistics Senior Notes amounted to $17.7 million and $19.4 million, respectively.

Navios Logistics Other Long-term Loans and Notes Payable

In December 2020, Navios Logistics entered into a $13.5 million seller’s credit agreement for the construction of six liquid barges to be made available by way of credit in six equal tranches. Each drawdown is repayable in 20 quarterly installments starting from the delivery of each barge. The seller’s credit for the construction of the six liquid barges bears interest at a fixed rate of 8.5%. As of June 30, 2021, Navios Logistics had drawn the total available amount and the outstanding balance was $12.4 million.

In the fourth quarter of 2020, Navios Logistics entered into a purchase agreement with an unrelated third party for the acquisition of three pushboats and 18 tank barges (“the Navios Logistics’ 2020 Fleet”). The acquisition was completed on March 22, 2021, and consequently, the Company entered into a $15.0 million seller’s credit agreement for the acquisition of the Navios Logistics’ 2020 Fleet. The seller’s credit agreement bears interest at a fixed rate of 5.0% per annum and is payable in three equal annual installments of $5.0 million.

As of June 30, 2021, Navios Logistics had long-term loans and notes payable, with a total outstanding balance of $66.8 million, including the two above mentioned financings. The purpose of the facilities was to finance the construction of its dry port terminal, the acquisition of vessels, or for general corporate purposes. The facilities are mainly denominated in U.S. dollars and bear interest based on LIBOR plus spread ranging from 3.15% to 3.25% per annum. The facilities are repayable in installments and have maturities ranging from August 2021 to November 2025. See also the maturity table included below. See also “Contractual Obligations”.

 

During the six month period ended June 30, 2021, the Company in relation to its secured credit facilities paid, $79.1 million related to scheduled repayment installments and $36.2 million related to the prepayment of four of Navios Holdings’ credit facilities.

The annualized weighted average interest rates of the Company’s total borrowings for the three and six month periods ended June 30, 2021 were 9.34% and 9.33%, respectively. The annualized weighted average interest rates of the Company’s total borrowings for the three and six month periods ended June 30, 2020 were 7.48% and 7.50%, respectively.

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The maturity table below reflects the principal payments for the next five years and thereafter of all borrowings of Navios Holdings (including Navios Logistics) outstanding as of June 30, 2021, based on the repayment schedules of the respective loan facilities and the outstanding amount due under the debt securities.

 

 Payment due by period

 

Amounts in

millions of

U.S. dollars

 
June 30, 2022   $ 616.4  
June 30, 2023     267.3  
June 30, 2024     54.1  
June 30, 2025     22.8  
June 30, 2026     506.9  
June 30, 2027 and thereafter     32.6  
Total   $ 1,500.1  

Contractual Obligations:

 

        June 30, 2021  
       

Payment due by period

(Amounts in millions of U.S. dollars)

 
    Total    

Less than

1 year

    1-3 years     3-5 years    

More than

5 years

 
Long-term Debt (1) $ 1,500.1     $ 616.4     $ 321.4     $ 529.7     $ 32.6  
Operating Lease Obligations (Time Charters) for vessels in operation (3)   265.2       76.0       105.4       47.2       36.6  
Rent Obligations (2)   1.4       0.5       0.7       0.2        
Land lease agreements (2)   25.1       0.6       1.2       1.1       22.2  
Total $ 1,791.8     $ 693.5     $ 428.7     $ 578.2     $ 91.4  

 

(1) The amount does not include interest costs for the 2022 Senior Secured Notes, the 2022 Notes, the 2024 Notes, the NSM Loan, the $50.0 million NSM Loan, the $115.0 million NSM Loan, the 2025 Logistics Senior Notes, Navios Logistics Notes Payable and the three Navios Logistics’ loans with fixed borrowing rate. The expected interest payments are: $115.0 million (less than 1 year), $123.3 million (1-3 years), $57.0 million (3-5 years) and $5.1 million (more than 5 years). Expected interest payments are based on outstanding principal amounts, currently applicable effective interest rates and margins as of June 30, 2021, timing of scheduled payments and the term of the debt obligations.
(2) Navios Logistics has several lease agreements with respect to its operating port terminals and various offices. See also Item 4.B. “Business Overview — Facilities” in our Annual Report on Form 20-F for the year ended December 31, 2020, filed with the SEC.
(3) Represent total amount of lease payments on an undiscounted basis.

 

Refer to “Related Party Transactions” for the Navios Partners Guarantee (as defined herein), not reflected in the table above.

Working Capital Position and bond maturities

As of June 30, 2021, Navios Holdings’ current assets totaled $206.3 million, while current liabilities excluding operating lease liabilities, current portion totaled $738.9 million, resulting in a negative working capital position of $532.6 million, primarily related to the classification as current of $83.3 million of the 2022 Senior Secured Notes, that were subsequently redeemed in July 2021, partly through the sale of the Navios Azimuth and partly through the $115.0 million NSM Loan, and $462.5 million of the 2022 Notes. As of June 30, 2021, the 2022 Notes have an outstanding amount of $462.5 million, maturing in January 2022. In August 2021, Navios Holdings repurchased $7.0 million in par value of the 2022 Notes, resulting to a remaining outstanding balance of $455.5 million.

In June 2021, Navios Holdings entered into a supplemental indenture (the “Eighth Supplemental Indenture”) to amend the terms of the indenture governing its 2022 Senior Secured Notes following its receipt of consents from bondholders representing a majority in aggregate principal amount (the “Consenting Noteholders”) of the 2022 Senior Secured Notes. The Eighth Supplemental Indenture eliminates the Company’s obligation to make a springing maturity offer for the 2022 Senior Secured Notes following the pro rata redemption, at par, of $100.0 million in aggregate principal amount of the 2022 Senior Secured Notes (the “Redemption”). The Redemption, which was funded through (i) the sale of a vessel pledged as collateral in respect of the 2022 Senior Secured Notes and (ii) the borrowing of $75.3 million from Navios Shipmanagement Holdings Corporation, a wholly owned subsidiary of NSM (the “$115.0 million NSM Loan”), was completed on July 23, 2021. In September 2021, Navios Holdings issued a notice of redemption with respect to an aggregate principal amount of $20.0 million at par of the 2022 Senior Secured Notes with redemption date being September 13, 2021. After these redemptions, $185.0 million in aggregate principal amount of the 2022 Senior Secured Notes remain outstanding which mature in August 2022.

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Although Navios Holdings is currently attempting to address the upcoming maturities of the 2022 Notes and the 2022 Senior Secured Notes and create additional liquidity to fund working capital requirements through the sale of assets and, refinancing plans, there can be no assurance Navios Holdings will be successful in such attempts or that any such attempts will be consummated on terms satisfactory to the Company, or at all. Therefore, there is substantial doubt about the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern for the 12- month period from the date of issuance of these consolidated financial statements. In the meantime, Navios Holdings’ internal forecasts and projections indicate that Navios Holdings will generate sufficient cash to make the required principal and interest payments on its borrowings (excluding the above upcoming maturity payments) and provide for the normal working capital requirements of the business for a period of at least 12 months from the date of issuance of these unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements. The unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements do not include any adjustments that might result from the outcome of these uncertainties.

Capital Expenditures

In December 2017, Navios Holdings agreed to charter-in, under a ten-year bareboat contract, from an unrelated third party the Navios Galaxy II, a newbuilding bulk carrier vessel of 81,789 dwt. On March 30, 2020 Navios Holdings took delivery of the Navios Galaxy II. The Company has agreed to pay in total $5.4 million representing a deposit for the option to acquire the vessel. As of June 30, 2021, the total amount of $6.7 million, including expenses and interest, is presented within the caption “Other long-term assets”.

In January 2018, Navios Holdings agreed to charter-in, under two ten-year bareboat contracts, from an unrelated third party the Navios Herakles I and the Navios Uranus, two newbuilding bulk carriers of 82,036 dwt and 81,516 dwt, respectively. On August 28, 2019 Navios Holdings took delivery of the Navios Herakles I. On November 28, 2019 Navios Holdings took delivery of the Navios Uranus. Navios Holdings has agreed to pay in total $11.1 million representing a deposit for the option to acquire these vessels. As of June 30, 2021, the total amount of $14.1 million, including expenses and interest, is presented within the caption “Other long-term assets”.

In April 2018, Navios Holdings agreed to charter-in, under one ten-year bareboat contract, from an unrelated third party the Navios Felicity I, a newbuilding bulk carrier of 81,946 dwt. On January 17, 2020, Navios Holdings took delivery of the Navios Felicity I. Navios Holdings has agreed to pay in total $5.6 million, representing a deposit for the option to acquire this vessel. As of June 30, 2021, the total amount of $7.2 million, including expenses and interest, is presented within the caption “Other long-term assets”.

In October 2018, Navios Holdings agreed to charter-in, under one ten-year bareboat contract, from an unrelated third party the Navios Magellan II, a newbuilding bulk carrier of 82,037 dwt. On May 15, 2020, Navios Holdings took delivery of the Navios Magellan II. Navios Holdings has agreed to pay in total $5.8 million, representing a deposit for the option to acquire this vessel. As of June 30, 2021, the total amount of $7.5 million, including expenses and interest, is presented within the caption “Other long-term assets”.

Navios Logistics

During the first quarter of 2021, Navios Logistics completed the construction of six liquid barges and a total of $19.5 million had been transferred to “Vessels, port terminals and other fixed assets, net” in the interim condensed consolidated statement of financial position of which capitalized interest amounted to $1.1 million. As of December 31, 2020, Navios Logistics had paid $16.7 million, for the construction of these barges, which were included within “Other long-term assets”. Capitalized interest included within “Other long-term assets” amounted to $0.6 million as of December 31, 2020.

During the first quarter of 2021, Navios Logistics completed the construction of two new tanks in its liquid port terminal. As of June 30, 2021, a total of $1.8 million had been transferred to “Vessels, port terminals and other fixed assets, net” in the interim condensed consolidated statement of financial position. As of December 31, 2020, Navios Logistics had paid $1.3 million for the construction of two new tanks in its liquid port terminal.

As of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, Navios Logistics had paid $0.7 million and $0.6 million, respectively, for capitalized expenses for the development of its port operations in Port Murtinho region, Brazil included under caption “Other long-term assets”.

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During the second quarter of 2021, Navios Logistics completed the construction of a crane in its grain port terminal and a total of $3.8 million was transferred to “Vessels, port terminals and other fixed assets, net” in the interim condensed consolidated statement of financial position. As of December 31, 2020, Navios Logistics had paid $0.7 million for the construction of a crane in its grain port terminal.

In the fourth quarter of 2020, Navios Logistics signed a purchase agreement with an unrelated third party for the acquisition of three pushboats and 18 tank barges (the “Navios Logistics 2020 Fleet”), for a purchase price of $30.0 million. The acquisition was completed on March 22, 2021. As of June 30, 2021, the total amount of $32.0 million had been transferred under the caption “Vessels, port terminals and other fixed assets, net”.

Since 2018, Navios Logistics acquired approximately 6.6 hectares of undeveloped land located in the Port Murtinho region, Brazil, and on March 24, 2021, Navios Logistics acquired 2.3 additional hectares. Navios Logistics plans to develop this land for its port operations, for a total cost of $1.6 million.

Dividend Policy

In November 2015, Navios Holdings announced that the Board of Directors decided to suspend the quarterly dividend to its common stockholders in order to conserve cash and improve its liquidity. In February 2016, in furtherance of its efforts to reduce its cash requirements, Navios Holdings announced the suspension of payment of quarterly dividends on its preferred stock, including the Series G and Series H, until market conditions improve. The Board of Directors and Navios Holdings’ management believe such a decision is in the best long-term interests of the Company and its stakeholders. The Board of Directors will reassess the Company’s distribution policy as the environment changes. The reinstatement, declaration and payment of any further dividend remains subject to the discretion of the Board of Directors and will depend on, among other things, market conditions, Navios Holdings’ cash requirements after taking into account market opportunities, restrictions under its equity instruments, credit agreements, indentures and other debt obligations and such other factors as the Board of Directors may deem advisable.

Concentration of Credit Risk

 

Accounts receivable, net

Concentration of credit risk with respect to accounts receivables, net is limited due to Navios Holdings’ large number of customers, who are internationally dispersed and have a variety of end markets in which they sell. Due to these factors, management believes that no additional credit risk beyond amounts provided for collection losses is inherent in Navios Holdings’ trade receivables. For the six month period ended June 30, 2021, one customer accounted for 10.8% of the Company’s revenue, who is one of the two customers who accounted for more than 10% of the Company’s revenue for the six month period ended June 30, 2020.

If one or more of our customers does not perform under one or more contracts with us and we are not able to find a replacement contract, or if a customer exercises certain rights to terminate the contract, we could suffer a loss of revenues that could materially adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.

We could lose a customer or the benefits of a time charter for many different reasons, including if the customer is unable or unwilling to make charter hire or other payments to us because of a deterioration in its financial condition, disagreements with us or if the charterer exercises certain termination rights or otherwise. Our customers may terminate a charter because we fail to deliver the vessel within a fixed period of time, the vessel is lost or damaged beyond repair, there are serious deficiencies in the vessel or prolonged periods of off-hire, or we default under the charter. The customer may terminate the charter because the vessel has been subject to seizure for more than a specified number of days. Charterers may also go bankrupt or fail to perform their obligations under the contracts, they may delay payments or suspend payments altogether, they may terminate the contracts prior to the agreed-upon expiration date or they may attempt to renegotiate the terms of the contracts.

 

Cash deposits with financial institutions

Cash deposits in excess of amounts covered by government-provided insurance are exposed to loss in the event of non-performance by financial institutions. Navios Holdings does maintain cash deposits in excess of government-provided insurance limits. Navios Holdings also reduces exposure to credit risk by dealing with a diversified group of major financial institutions.

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Effects of Inflation

Navios Holdings does not consider inflation to be a significant risk to the cost of doing business in the foreseeable future. In addition, the Company considered various factors in assessing the impact of Argentina’s highly inflationary economy on Navios Logistics, among which, the sales, the financing arrangements, the working capital, the employee salaries and taxes. The Company does not consider inflation to be a significant risk factor to the cost of doing business in the foreseeable future as the functional currency of the Company’s Argentinian subsidiary is the U.S. dollar. In addition, the day-to-day operations of the Company’s Argentinian subsidiary are dependent on the economic environment of the Company’s U.S. dollar currency. As a result, the Company concluded that the determination that the Argentine economy is highly inflationary did not have a material impact on Navios Logistics’ financial statements and as such, did not result in the remeasurement of its financial statements.

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

As of June 30, 2021, Navios Holdings was contingently liable for letters of guarantee and letters of credit amounting to $10 thousands issued by one bank in favor of various organizations and the total amount was collateralized by cash deposits, which were included as a component of restricted cash.

Navios Logistics has issued a guarantee and indemnity letter that guarantees the performance by Petrolera San Antonio S.A. (a consolidated subsidiary of Navios Logistics) of all its obligations to Vitol S.A. up to $12.0 million. This guarantee expires on March 1, 2022.

On July 22, 2016, Navios Logistics guaranteed the compliance of certain obligations related to Edolmix S.A. and Energías Renovables del Sur S.A. (entities wholly owned by Navios Logistics) under their respective direct user agreements with the Free Zone of Nueva Palmira, for the amounts of $0.8 million and $0.5 million, respectively.

In September 2020, Navios Logistics agreed to a settlement regarding a storage and transshipment contract in the grain port terminal for a total amount of $4.1 million, which will be collected in three equal installments of $1.4 million on June 1, 2021, 2022 and 2023.

The Company is involved in various disputes and arbitration proceedings arising in the ordinary course of business. Provisions have been recognized in the financial statements for all such proceedings where the Company believes that a liability may be probable, and for which the amounts can be reasonably estimated, based upon facts known on the date the financial statements were prepared. Although the Company cannot predict with certainty the ultimate resolutions of these matters, in the opinion of management, the ultimate disposition of these matters is not expected to have a material adverse effect on the Company’s financial position, results of operations or liquidity.

Related Party Transactions

Vessel Operating Expenses (management fees): Pursuant to a management agreement dated August 29, 2019 (the “Management Agreement”), NSM provides commercial and technical management services to Navios Holdings’ vessels. The term of this agreement is for an initial period of five years with an automatic extension period of five years thereafter unless a notice for termination is received by either party. The ship management services fees provided by NSM is a daily fee of $3,700 per day per owned vessel. This rate was fixed until August 2021, increasing thereafter by 3% annually, unless otherwise agreed. As of August 31, 2021, this daily fee is at $3,811 per day per owned vessel. The fee for the ship management services provided by NSM is a daily fee of $25 per day per charter-in vessel. Drydocking expenses under this agreement will be reimbursed by Navios Holdings at cost. The agreement also provides for payment of a termination fee, equal to the fees charged for the full calendar year preceding the termination date, by Navios Holdings in the event the Management Agreement is terminated on or before August 29, 2024. Total management fees for vessel operating expenses for the three month periods ended June 30, 2021 and 2020 amounted to $9.8 million and $11.5 million, respectively and are presented within the caption “Direct vessel expenses”. Total management fees for vessel operating expenses for the six month periods ended June 30, 2021 and 2020 amounted to $20.4 million and $22.5 million, respectively and are presented within the caption “Direct vessel expenses”.

Navios Partners Guarantee: In November 2012 (as amended in March 2014), the Company entered into an agreement with Navios Partners (the “Navios Partners Guarantee”) to provide Navios Partners with guarantees against counterparty default on certain existing charters, which had previously been covered by the charter insurance for the same vessels, same periods and same amounts. In April 2021, the Company paid the amount of $5.0 million to Navios Partners as the final settlement of the outstanding balance of the claim.

General and administrative expenses: Pursuant to an administrative services agreement with the Manager dated August 29, 2019 (“Administrative Services Agreement”), NSM provides administrative services to Navios Holdings. NSM is reimbursed for reasonable costs and expenses incurred in connection with the provision of these services. The term of this agreement is for an initial period of five years with an automatic extension for a period of five years thereafter unless a notice of termination is received by either party. The agreement also provides for payment of a termination fee, equal to the fees charged for the full calendar year preceding the termination date, by Navios Holdings in the event the Administrative Services Agreement is terminated on or before August 29, 2024. Total general and administrative expenses attributable to this agreement for the three month periods ended June 30, 2021 and 2020 amounted to $2.2 million and $2.4 million, respectively, and are presented within the caption “General and administrative expenses”. Total general and administrative expenses attributable to this agreement for the six month periods ended June 30, 2021 and 2020 amounted to $4.5 million and $4.6 million, respectively, and are presented within the caption “General and administrative expenses”.

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Pursuant to an administrative services agreement with the Manager dated August 29, 2019, NSM provides administrative services to Navios Logistics. Total general and administrative fees for each of the three month periods ended June 30, 2021 and 2020 amounted to $0.3 million and are presented within the caption “General and administrative expenses”. Total general and administrative fees for each of the six month periods ended June 30, 2021 and 2020 amounted to $0.6 million and are presented within the caption “General and administrative expenses”.

Balance due to/from affiliate companies: Balance due to NSM as of June 30, 2021 amounted to $10.2 million (December 31, 2020: $22.1 million). Balance due to Navios Partners as of June 30, 2021 amounted to $0 million (December 31, 2020: $5.0 million related to the Navios Partners Guarantee). Balance due from Navios Acquisition as of June 30, 2021 amounted to $0 million (December 31, 2020: $0.2 million related to declared dividend).

As of June 30, 2021 the balance mainly consisted of management fees for vessel operating expenses, payments to NSM in accordance with the Management Agreement and other amounts in connection with dry-dock, ballast water treatment system and special survey of our vessels.

Omnibus Agreements: Navios Holdings has entered into an omnibus agreement with Navios Partners (the “Partners Omnibus Agreement”) in connection with the closing of Navios Partners’ IPO governing, among other things, when Navios Holdings and Navios Partners may compete against each other as well as rights of first offer on certain dry bulk carriers. Pursuant to the Partners Omnibus Agreement, Navios Partners generally agreed not to acquire or own Panamax or Capesize dry bulk carriers under time charters of three or more years without the consent of an independent committee of Navios Partners. In addition, Navios Holdings has agreed to offer to Navios Partners the opportunity to purchase vessels from Navios Holdings when such vessels are fixed under time charters of three or more years.

Navios Holdings entered into an omnibus agreement with Navios Acquisition and Navios Partners (the “Acquisition Omnibus Agreement”) in connection with the closing of Navios Acquisition’s initial vessel acquisition, pursuant to which, among other things, Navios Holdings and Navios Partners agreed not to acquire, charter-in or own liquid shipment vessels, except for containership vessels and vessels that are primarily employed in operations in South America, without the consent of an independent committee of Navios Acquisition. In addition, Navios Acquisition, under the Acquisition Omnibus Agreement, agreed to cause its subsidiaries not to acquire, own, operate or charter dry bulk carriers subject to specific exceptions. Under the Acquisition Omnibus Agreement, Navios Acquisition and its subsidiaries granted to Navios Holdings and Navios Partners, a right of first offer on any proposed sale, transfer or other disposition of any of its dry bulk carriers and related charters owned or acquired by Navios Acquisition. Likewise, Navios Holdings and Navios Partners agreed to grant a similar right of first offer to Navios Acquisition for any liquid shipment vessels it might own. These rights of first offer will not apply to a (i) sale, transfer or other disposition of vessels between any affiliated subsidiaries, or pursuant to the terms of any charter or other agreement with a counterparty, or (ii) merger with or into, or sale of substantially all of the assets to, an unaffiliated third party.

Navios Holdings entered into an omnibus agreement with Navios Midstream, Navios Acquisition and Navios Partners in connection with the Navios Midstream IPO, pursuant to which Navios Acquisition, Navios Holdings, Navios Partners and their controlled affiliate companies generally have agreed not to acquire or own any VLCCs, crude oil tankers, refined petroleum product tankers, LPG tankers or chemical tankers under time charters of five or more years without the consent of Navios Midstream. The omnibus agreement contains significant exceptions that will allow Navios Acquisition, Navios Holdings, Navios Partners or any of their controlled affiliate companies to compete with Navios Midstream under specified circumstances.

Navios Holdings entered into an omnibus agreement with Navios Containers, Navios Acquisition and Navios Partners, pursuant to which Navios Acquisition, Navios Holdings, Navios Partners and their controlled affiliate companies generally have granted a right of first refusal to Navios Containers over any containership vessels to be sold or acquired in the future, subject to significant exceptions that would allow Navios Acquisition, Navios Holdings and Navios Partners or any of their controlled affiliate companies to compete with Navios Containers under specified circumstances.

Midstream General Partner Option Agreement: Navios Holdings entered into an option agreement, with Navios Acquisition under which Navios Acquisition, which owns and controls Navios Maritime Midstream Partners GP LLC (“Midstream General Partner”), granted Navios Holdings the option to acquire a minimum of 25% of the outstanding membership interests in Midstream General Partner and the incentive distribution rights in Navios Midstream representing the right to receive an increasing percentage of the quarterly distributions when certain conditions are met. The option shall expire on November 18, 2024. The purchase price for the acquisition for all or part of the option interest shall be an amount equal to its fair market value. As of June 30, 2021, Navios Holdings had not exercised any part of that option.

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Sale of Vessels and Sale of Rights to Navios Partners: Upon the sale of vessels to Navios Partners, Navios Holdings recognized the gain immediately in earnings only to the extent of the interest in Navios Partners owned by third parties and deferred recognition of the gain to the extent of its own ownership interest in Navios Partners (the “deferred gain”). Subsequently, the deferred gain was amortized to income over the remaining useful life of the vessel. The recognition of the deferred gain was accelerated in the event that (i) the vessel was subsequently sold or otherwise disposed of by Navios Partners or (ii) the Company’s ownership interest in Navios Partners was reduced. In connection with the public offerings of common units by Navios Partners and the sale of Navios Partners general partnership interest effected on August 30, 2019, a pro rata portion of the deferred gain was released to income upon dilution of the Company’s ownership interest in Navios Partners. As of January 1, 2020, the unamortized deferred gain of $6.3 million was recorded as other adjustments within accumulated deficit.

In March 2021, Navios Holdings completed the sale to Navios Partners of the Navios Centaurus, a 2012-built Panamax vessel of 81,472 dwt, and the Navios Avior, a 2012-built Panamax vessel of 81,355 dwt, for a sale price of $39.3 million, including working capital adjustments. In June 2021, Navios Holdings completed the sale to Navios Partners of the Navios Ray, a 2012 built Capesize vessel of 179,515 dwt, and the Navios Bonavis, a 2009 built Capesize vessel of 180,022 dwt, for a sale price of $58.0 million and the sale of the Navios Koyo, a 2011-built Capesize vessel, previously chartered-in by Navios Holdings, for a sale price of $28.5 million. In July 2021, Navios Holdings completed the sale to Navios Partners of the Navios Azimuth, a 2011 built Capesize vessel of 179,169 dwt, for a sale price of $30.0 million.

Balance due from Navios Europe II: Navios Holdings, Navios Acquisition and Navios Partners had made available to Navios Europe II revolving loans of up to $43.5 million to fund the Navios Revolving Loans II. In March 2017, the availability under the Navios Revolving Loans II was increased by $14.0 million (see Note 14 included elsewhere in this Report).

On April 21, 2020, Navios Europe II agreed with the lender to fully release the liabilities under the Junior Loan II for $5.0 million. Navios Europe II owned seven containership vessels and seven drybulk vessels.

On May 14, 2020, an agreement was reached to liquidate Navios Europe II before its original expiration date. The transaction was completed on June 29, 2020.

As a result of this liquidation, Navios Holdings received the total outstanding balance due from Navios Europe II, representing the Navios Revolving Loans II, the Navios Term Loans II and accrued interest thereof directly owed to Navios Holdings, previously presented within the captions “Due from affiliate companies” and “Loans receivable from affiliate companies” and acquired two Panamax vessels of Navios Europe II.

The Navios Revolving Loans II and the Navios Term Loans II earned interest and an annual preferred return, respectively, at 1,800 basis points per annum, on a quarterly compounding basis and were repaid from free cash flow (as defined in the loan agreement) to the fullest extent possible at the end of each quarter. There were no covenant requirements or stated maturity dates.

The decline in the fair value of the investment during the first quarter of 2020 was considered as other-than-temporary and, therefore, a loss of $6.1 million was recognized and included in the accompanying interim condensed consolidated statements of comprehensive income/(loss) for the six month period ended June 30, 2020, within the caption “Impairment of loan receivable from affiliate company”. The fair value was determined based on the liquidation value of Navios Europe II, including the individual fair values assigned to the assets and liabilities of Navios Europe II.

Secured credit facility with Navios Logistics (Grimaud Loan): On April 25, 2019, Navios Holdings entered into a secured credit facility of up to $50.0 million with Navios Logistics on a secured basis to be used for general corporate purposes, including the repurchase of 2022 Notes. This credit facility is secured by any 2022 Notes purchased by Navios Holdings with these funds. The secured credit facility included an arrangement fee of $0.5 million and bears a fixed interest rate of 12.75% for the first year and 14.75% for the second year. The secured credit facility includes negative covenants substantially similar to the 2022 Notes and customary events of default. On December 2, 2019, Navios Holdings and Navios Logistics agreed to increase the secured credit facility by $20.0 million. Following this amendment, as a result of the redemption of the 2022 Notes and Term Loan B Facility in July 2020 and the issuance of 2025 Notes, (a) the interest rate on the secured credit facility decreased to 10.0%, and (b) the maturity of the secured credit facility was extended to December 2024, and is repayable in four equal annual installments. Effective as of May 2021, and upon the release of certain collateral, the facility bears interest of 13.0% per annum. As of June 30, 2021, the full amount was drawn under this facility, of which $18.7 million was used to acquire the 2022 Notes from Navios Logistics and the remaining amount was used to repurchase 2022 Notes.

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On June 24, 2020, Navios Logistics assigned its legal and beneficial right, title and interest in the credit facility to its wholly owned subsidiary Grimaud.

On June 25, 2020, Navios Holdings and Grimaud amended the Grimaud Loan to allow a portion of the total interest payable to be effected in common shares of Navios Holdings. On July 10, 2020, Navios Holdings issued 2,414,263 shares of common stock to Navios Logistics and paid Navios Logistics $2.3 million in satisfaction of the interest payable in respect of this facility.

On June 30, 2021, the Company entered into a supplemental agreement to the Grimaud Loan (the “Supplemental Grimaud Loan Agreement”) with Grimaud, whereby the Company and Grimaud agreed to amend the Grimaud Loan. Pursuant to the amendment, the Grimaud Loan may be repaid or prepaid in full by the issuance of shares of common stock of Navios Holdings. The effectiveness of the Supplemental Grimaud Loan Agreement was subject to, and contingent upon, prepayment of the Grimaud Loan in the amount of $7.5 million in cash and the effectiveness of a registration statement registering the resale of Navios Holdings shares, among other conditions.

On July 13, 2021, the Company’s $70.0 million loan, plus accrued interest, owed to Grimaud, a wholly-owned subsidiary of Navios Logistics, was repaid by the Company in full through the issuance of 9,301,542 shares of the Company’s common stock and $7.5 million in cash plus accrued and unpaid interest. Please see “Recent Developments”.

NSM Loan: On August 29, 2019, Navios Holdings entered into a secured credit facility of $141.8 million (including post-closing adjustments) with Navios Shipmanagement Holdings Corporation, a wholly owned subsidiary of NSM. In general, the amount owed reflects the excess of (i) the liabilities of the ship management business (including liabilities for advances previously made by affiliate companies to the Company for ongoing operating costs, including technical management services, supplies, dry-docking and related expenses) other than liabilities the assumption of which forms part of the consideration for the Transaction over (ii) the short term assets of the ship management business. The credit facility is repayable over a five-year period; of the initial amount, $47.0 million was repayable in 2020 in equal quarterly installments, with the remaining principal repayment in equal quarterly installments over the following 48 months. In certain cases, principal payments can be deferred provided that no more than $20.0 million of deferral may be outstanding during the first or second year and $10.0 million outstanding in the third year. The loan agreement provides for interest at 5.0% annually, and 7.0% annually for deferred principal amounts. During December 2019, Navios Holdings repaid the amount of $13.4 million under the terms of this facility. During June 2020, July 2020 and May 2021, Navios Holdings repaid the amount of $31.5 million, $18.5 million and $21.7 million, respectively, under the terms of this facility.

As of June 30, 2021, the outstanding balance was $56.7 million (December 31, 2020: $78.4 million) and the accrued interest was $0.4 million (December 31, 2020: $0.5 million). Of the outstanding amount and accrued interest, $16.5 million (December 31, 2020: $10.3 million) is included within the caption “Current portion of loans payable to affiliate companies”.

The Company’s obligations under the NSM Loan were guaranteed by 2,070,016 common units in Navios Partners, 14,940 shares of Navios Acquisition’s common stock, first priority share pledges on two companies, that have entered into sale and leaseback agreements and five companies that hold the rights to certain bareboat contracts.

$50.0 million NSM Loan: In June 2020, the Company entered into a secured loan agreement with Navios Shipmanagement Holdings Corporation, a wholly owned subsidiary of NSM for a loan of up to $50.0 million to be used for general corporate purposes. The terms and conditions of the secured loan agreement were approved by a Special Committee of the Board of Directors comprised of independent directors. The loan agreement will be repayable in up to 18 equal consecutive quarterly installments. Principal payments that fall due during the first year following the initial drawdown may be deferred, at the Company’s election, in whole or in part. The loan agreement provides for interest at a rate of 5.0% annually (and 7.0% annually for deferred principal amounts). During May 2021, Navios Holdings repaid the amount of $10.3 million, under the terms of this facility.

As of June 30, 2021, the outstanding balance was $39.7 million (December 31, 2020: $50 million) and the accrued interest was $0.3 million (December 31, 2020: $0.3 million). Of the outstanding amount and accrued interest, $11.6 million (December 31, 2020: $16.3 million) is included within the caption “Current portion of loans payable to affiliate companies”.

The Company’s obligations under the $50.0 million NSM Loan were guaranteed by first priority security interests in a vessel, as well as pledge of certain First Priority Ship Mortgage Notes due 2022 owned by Navios Holdings and 40,587 common units in Navios Partners and second priority pledge in respect of 2022 Notes owned by Navios Holdings.

On July 12, 2021, the Company refinanced the outstanding balance of this facility through the $115.0 million NSM Loan described below.

  29  

 

$115.0 million NSM Loan: In June 2021, the Company entered into a senior secured term loan facility with Navios Shipmanagement Holdings Corporation, a wholly owned subsidiary of NSM, for a loan up to $115.0 million (i) to refinance $39.7 million being the outstanding balance under the $50.0 million NSM Loan (“Tranche A”), (ii) to redeem amount of $70.0 million of 2022 Senior Secured Notes and (iii) to be used for general corporate purposes (“Tranche B”). The terms and conditions of the secured loan agreement were approved by a Special Committee of the Board of Directors comprised of independent directors. Tranche A is repayable in 14 quarterly installments of $2.8 million and matures on November 30, 2024. Tranche B is repayable in seven quarterly installments with the first two being of an amount of $22.6 million each and the remaining of an amount of $6.0 million each and matures on February 28, 2023.

Both tranches bear interest at a rate of 10.5% per annum, payable quarterly. The Company may elect to defer one scheduled amortization payment by 90 days and interest payments, in which case the applicable interest rate will be 12.0% per annum, compounded quarterly.

The Company’s obligations under the $115.0 million NSM Loan are guaranteed by first priority security interests in a vessel, as well as pledge of certain First Priority Ship Mortgage Notes due 2022 owned by Navios Holdings and 40,587 common units in Navios Partners and a second priority pledge in the Navios Logistics’ shares, 4,850,207 shares of Navios Acquisition’s common stock, 452,090 Navios Partners’ common units and second priority pledge over the collaterals securing the NSM Loan.

On July 12, 2021, the amount under this facility was fully drawn.

Navios Logistics’ Shareholders Agreement: On November 19, 2019, Navios Holdings entered into a shareholder agreement with Peers Business Inc. granting certain protections to minority shareholders in certain events.

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risks

Navios Holdings is exposed to certain risks related to interest rate, foreign currency and charter rate risks.

Interest Rate Risk

Debt Instruments — On June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, Navios Holdings had a total of $1,500.1 million and $1,612.7 million, respectively, of long-term indebtedness. All of the Company’s debt is U.S. dollar-denominated. The 2022 Senior Secured Notes, the 2022 Notes, the 2024 Notes, the NSM Loan, the $50.0 million NSM Loan, the $115.0 million NSM Loan, the 2025 Logistics Senior Notes and three Navios Logistics’ loans bear interest at a fixed rate; the remaining balance of Navios Holdings’ debt bears interest at a floating rate.

Changes in interest rates for our floating-rate loan facilities would affect their interest rate and related interest expense. As of June 30, 2021, the outstanding amount of the Company’s floating rate loan facilities was $99.6 million. A change in the LIBOR rate of 100 basis points would change interest expense for the six months ended June 30, 2021 by $0.7 million. The interest rates on the 2022 Senior Secured Notes, the 2022 Notes, the 2024 Notes, the NSM Loan, the $50.0 million NSM Loan, the 2025 Logistics Senior Notes and three Navios Logistics’ loans are fixed and, therefore, changes in interest rates affect their fair value, which as of June 30, 2021 was $1,393.9 million, but do not affect their related interest expense.

For a detailed discussion of Navios Holdings’ debt instruments refer to the section “Long-Term Debt Obligations and Credit Arrangements” included elsewhere in this document.

Foreign Currency Risk

Foreign Currency: In general, the shipping industry is a U.S. dollar dominated industry. Revenue is set mainly in U.S. dollars, and 26.0% of Navios Holdings’ expenses are also incurred in U.S. dollars. Certain of our expenses are paid in foreign currencies and a one percent change in the exchange rates of the various currencies at June 30, 2021 would change net income by $0.4 million for the six months ended June 30, 2021.

Charter Rate Risks

See “Charter Policy and Industry Outlook” for our approach and managing charter rate risk.

  30  

 

Critical Accounting Policies

Navios Holdings’ unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with U.S. GAAP. The preparation of these financial statements requires Navios Holdings to make estimates in the application of its accounting policies based on the best assumptions, judgments and opinions of management. Critical accounting policies are those that reflect significant judgments or uncertainties, and potentially result in materially different results under different assumptions and conditions. All significant accounting policies are as described in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 20-F for the year ended December 31, 2020.

Investments in Equity Securities

Navios Holdings evaluates its investments in Navios Acquisition, Navios Partners and Navios Containers (through its acquisition by Navios Partners on March 31, 2021) and evaluated its investment in Navios Europe II for OTTI on a quarterly basis. Consideration is given to (i) the length of time and the extent to which the fair value has been less than the carrying value, (ii) the financial condition and near-term prospects of such companies, and (iii) the intent and ability of the Company to retain its investment in these companies for a period of time sufficient to allow for any anticipated recovery in fair value (see also Note 14 included elsewhere in this Report).

Recent Accounting Pronouncements

The Company’s recent accounting pronouncements are included in the accompanying notes to the unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements included elsewhere in this Report.

 

 

  31  

 

 

 

NAVIOS MARITIME HOLDINGS INC.

 

 

         

Index

  Page  
UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS AS AT JUNE 30, 2021 AND DECEMBER 31, 2020     F-2  
UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME/(LOSS) FOR THE THREE AND SIX MONTH PERIODS ENDED JUNE 30, 2021 AND 2020     F-3  
UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS FOR THE SIX MONTH PERIODS ENDED JUNE 30, 2021 AND 2020     F-4  
UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CHANGES IN EQUITY FOR THE THREE AND SIX MONTH PERIODS ENDED JUNE 30, 2021 AND 2020     F-5  
CONDENSED NOTES TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)     F-6  

 

 

 

 

 

  F- 1  

 

NAVIOS MARITIME HOLDINGS INC.

 

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

 

(Expressed in thousands of U.S. dollars — except share data)

 

    Notes    

June 30,

2021

(unaudited)

 

December 31,

2020

(unaudited)

 
ASSETS                      
Current assets                      
Cash and cash equivalents     3, 7, 12     $ 73,159   $ 94,881  
Restricted cash     3, 7, 8, 12       10     16,303  
Accounts receivable, net             69,311     54,328  
Due from affiliate companies     9           243  
Inventories             16,093     14,121  
Prepaid expenses and other current assets             17,722     14,981  
Assets held for sale     4       30,000      
Total current assets             206,295     194,857  
Vessels, port terminals and other fixed assets, net     4       995,689     1,139,539  
Investments in affiliate companies     7, 9, 14       97,351     56,988  
Other long-term assets             79,672     93,080  
Operating lease assets     15       193,967     227,962  
Intangible assets other than goodwill     5       95,783     98,563  
Goodwill     12       160,336     160,336  
Total non-current assets             1,622,798     1,776,468  
Total assets           $ 1,829,093   $ 1,971,325  
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY                      
Current liabilities                      
Accounts payable           $ 34,083   $ 29,185  
Accrued expenses and other liabilities             68,476     72,535  
Deferred income and cash received in advance             11,257     8,342  
Operating lease liabilities, current portion     15       60,283     81,415  
Due to affiliate companies     9       10,174     27,114  
Current portion of loans payable to affiliate companies     6, 7, 9       28,151     26,595  
Current portion of long-term debt, net     6, 7       42,385     48,219  
Current portion of senior and ship mortgage notes, net     6, 7       544,403     299,377  
Total current liabilities             799,212     592,782  
Senior and ship mortgage notes, net of current portion     6, 7       708,992     964,189  
Long-term debt, net of current portion     6, 7       83,662     143,417  
Loans payable to affiliate companies, net of current portion     6, 7, 9       68,860     102,632  
Other long-term liabilities and deferred income     9       623     660  
Operating lease liabilities, net of current portion     15       167,513     193,351  
Deferred tax liability             8,349     8,577  
Total non-current liabilities             1,037,999     1,412,826  
Total liabilities             1,837,211     2,005,608  
Commitments and contingencies     8            
Stockholders’ equity                      
Preferred stock — $0.0001 par value, authorized 1,000,000 shares, 23,032 issued and outstanding both as of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020.     10            
Common stock — $0.0001 par value, authorized 250,000,000 shares, 15,897,064 and 15,881,147 issued and outstanding as of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively.     10       1     1  
Additional paid-in capital             643,339     643,033  
Accumulated deficit             (759,493)     (784,592)  
Total Navios Holdings stockholders’ deficit             (116,153)     (141,558)  
Noncontrolling interest             108,035     107,275  
Total stockholders’ deficit             (8,118)     (34,283)  
Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity           $ 1,829,093   $ 1,971,325  

 

 

 

  F- 2  

NAVIOS MARITIME HOLDINGS INC.

 

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME/(LOSS)

 

(Expressed in thousands of U.S. dollars — except share and per share data)

 

 

    Notes    

Three Month

Period Ended

June 30, 2021

   

Three Month

Period Ended

June 30, 2020

 

Six Month

Period Ended

June 30, 2021

 

Six Month

Period Ended

June 30, 2020

          (unaudited)     (unaudited)   (unaudited)   (unaudited)
Revenue     12     $ 143,624     $ 97,127   $ 260,575   $ 188,210
Time charter, voyage and logistics business expenses     9       (36,841)       (42,710)     (75,168)     (89,354)
Direct vessel expenses     9       (29,232)       (26,007)     (55,147)     (50,738)
General and administrative expenses     9       (8,544)       (8,836)     (15,363)     (15,798)
Depreciation and amortization     4, 5, 12       (15,988)       (18,012)     (32,254)     (36,088)
Interest expense and finance cost, net     12       (36,170)       (31,418)     (72,370)     (63,061)
Impairment loss/ loss on sale of vessels, net     4       (5,406)       (8,967)     (25,861)     (20,215)
Gain on bond extinguishment     6       1,873           1,873     11,204
Other expense, net     11, 14       (1,022)       (1,593)     (1,246)     (3,154)
Impairment of loan receivable from affiliate company                           (6,050)
Income/ (loss) before equity in net earnings of affiliate companies             12,294       (40,416)     (14,961)     (85,044)
Equity in net earnings of affiliate companies     9, 12, 14       12,854       9,445     40,594     3,308
Income/ (loss) before taxes           $ 25,148     $ (30,971)   $ 25,633   $ (81,736)
Income tax (expense)/ benefit             (603)       34     226     73
Net income/ (loss)           $ 24,545     $ (30,937)   $ 25,859   $ (81,663)
Less: Net loss/ (income) attributable to the noncontrolling interest             391       (4,334)     (760)     (6,883)
Net income/ (loss) attributable to Navios Holdings common stockholders           $ 24,936     $ (35,271)   $ 25,099   $ (88,546)
Income/ (loss) attributable to Navios Holdings common stockholders, basic and diluted     13     $ 23,652     $ (36,555)   $ 22,538   $ (90,958)
Basic earnings/ (loss) per share attributable to Navios Holdings common stockholders           $ 1.80     $ (2.83)   $ 1.72   $ (7.06)
Weighted average number of shares, basic     13       13,127,208       12,901,880     13,120,335     12,882,235
Diluted earnings/ (loss) per share attributable to Navios Holdings common stockholders           $ 1.75     $ (2.83)   $ 1.67   $ (7.06)
Weighted average number of shares, diluted     13       13,511,627       12,901,880     13,508,382     12,882,235

 

 

 

  F- 3  

NAVIOS MARITIME HOLDINGS INC.

 

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

 

(Expressed in thousands of U.S. dollars)

  Notes    

Six Month

Period Ended

June 30, 2021

   

Six Month

Period Ended

June 30, 2020

        (unaudited)     (unaudited)
OPERATING ACTIVITIES:                    
Net income/(loss)         $ 25,859     $ (81,663)
Adjustments to reconcile net income/(loss) to net cash (used in)/ provided by operating activities:                    
Non-cash adjustments           26,003       58,997
(Increase)/decrease in operating assets           (20,602)       9,933
(Decrease)/increase in operating liabilities           (17,016)       32,392
Payments for drydock and special survey costs           (15,609)       (14,129)
Net cash (used in)/ provided by operating activities           (1,365)       5,530
INVESTING ACTIVITIES:                    
Acquisition of/additions to vessels   4       (24,152)       (96,573)
Deposits for vessels, port terminals and other fixed assets acquisitions   4       (19,304)       (1,250)
Deposits for option to acquire vessels   8             (2,099)
Loans from affiliate companies                 18,629
Proceeds from lease receivable                 79
Proceeds from sale of assets           137,016       23,078
Purchase of property, equipment and other fixed assets   4       (2,729)       (1,328)
Dividends received from affiliate companies   14       243       2,919
Net cash provided by/(used in) investing activities           91,074       (56,545)
FINANCING ACTIVITIES:                    
Repayment of long-term debt and payment of principal   6       (115,270)       (20,111)
Repurchase of senior notes   6       (12,454)       (9,443)
Repayment of loan payable to affiliate companies                 (31,500)
Proceeds from loan payable to affiliate companies                 31,500
Proceeds from long-term loans, net of deferred financing costs   6             66,862
Dividends paid to noncontrolling shareholders                 (9,948)
Net cash (used in)/provided by financing activities           (127,724)       27,360
Decrease in cash and cash equivalents and restricted cash           (38,015)       (23,655)
Cash and cash equivalents and restricted cash, beginning of period           111,184       78,727
Cash and cash equivalents and restricted cash, end of period   3     $ 73,169     $ 55,072
SUPPLEMENTAL DISCLOSURES OF CASH FLOW INFORMATION                    
Cash paid for interest, net of capitalized interest         $ 72,105     $ 62,040
Cash paid for income taxes         $ 260     $ 186
Non-cash investing and financing activities                    
Sale of vessels   4     $ 5,766     $
Proceeds from the Navios Logistics’ Seller’s Credit Agreement for the construction of six liquid barges    6     $ 2,246     $
Proceeds from the Navios Logistics’ Seller’s Credit Agreement for the acquisition of Navios Logistics’ 2020 Fleet    6     $ 15,000     $
Transfers from deposits for vessels, port terminals and other fixed assets   4     $ 57,107     $
Deposits for vessels, port terminals and other fixed assets   4     $ (356     $ -
Acquisition of/additions to vessels   4     $ -     $ (986)

 

 

  F- 4  

NAVIOS MARITIME HOLDINGS INC.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CHANGES IN EQUITY

(Expressed in thousands of U.S. dollars — except share data)

 

 

  Number
of
Preferred
Shares
      Preferred
Stock
    Number
of
Common
Shares
    Common
Stock
    Additional
Paid-in
Capital
     Accumulated
Deficit
    Total
Navios
Holdings’
Stockholders’
Deficit
    Noncontrolling
Interest
    Total
Deficit
Balance December 31, 2020   23,032     $         15,881,147     $ 1     $ 643,033     $ (784,592)   $ (141,558)   $ 107,275     $ (34,283)
Net income   —                  —                           163       163       1,151       1,314
Cancellation of shares   —                  (27)                                                      
Stock-based compensation expenses (Note 10)   —                  16,000                155                155                155
Balance March 31, 2021 (unaudited)   23,032     $          15,897,120     $ 1     $ 643,188     $ (784,429 )   $ (141,240 )   $ 108,426     $ (32,814)
Net income/(loss)   —                  —                           24,936       24,936       (391)       24,545
Cancellation of shares   —                  (56)                                                      
Stock-based compensation expenses (Note 10)   —                  —                  151                151                151
Balance June 30, 2021 (unaudited)   23,032     $          15,897,064     $ 1     $ 643,339     $ (759,493 )   $ (116,153 )   $ 108,035     $ (8,118)
                                                                           

  

 

 

  Number
of
Preferred
Shares
    Preferred
Stock
    Number
of
Common
Shares
    Common
Stock
    Additional
Paid-in
Capital
   
Accumulated
Deficit
      Total
Navios
Holdings’
Stockholders’
(Deficit)/Equity
      Noncontrolling
Interest
      Total
Equity
Balance December 31, 2019   23,242     $          13,360,356     $ 1     $ 641,765     $ (597,916 )   $ 43,850     $ 115,175     $ 159,025
Net (loss)/income   —                  —                           (53,275 )     (53,275 )     2,549       (50,726)
Conversion of convertible preferred stock to common stock (Note 10)   (210)     —         22,712       —         —         —         —         —         —  
Stock-based compensation expenses (Note 10)   —                  84,336                333                333                333
Other adjustments in Retained Earnings   —                  —                           6,285       6,285                6,285
Dividends paid to Noncontrolling Shareholders   —                  —                                             (9,948 )     (9,948)
Balance March 31, 2020 (unaudited)   23,032     $          13,467,404     $ 1     $ 642,098     $ (644,906 )   $ (2,807 )   $ 107,776     $ 104,969
Net (loss)/income   —                  —                           (35,271)       (35,271 )     4,334       (30,937)
Cancellation of shares   —                  (1,230 )                                                    
Stock-based compensation expenses (Note 10)   —                  —                  321                321                321
Balance June 30, 2020 (unaudited)   23,032     $          13,466,174     $ 1     $ 642,419     $ (680,177 )   $ (37,757 )   $ 112,110     $ 74,353
                                                                     

 

 

 

 

  F- 5  

NAVIOS MARITIME HOLDINGS INC.

 

UNAUDITED CONDENSED NOTES TO THE

 

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

(Expressed in thousands of U.S. dollars — except share data)

 

NOTE 1: DESCRIPTION OF BUSINESS

Description of Business 

Navios Maritime Holdings Inc. (“Navios Holdings” or the “Company”) (NYSE: NM) is a global seaborne shipping and logistics company focused on the transport and transshipment of dry bulk commodities, including iron ore, coal and grain.

Navios Logistics

Navios South American Logistics Inc. (“Navios Logistics”), a consolidated subsidiary of the Company, was incorporated under the laws of the Republic of the Marshall Islands on December 17, 2007. Navios Logistics believes it is one of the largest logistics companies in the Hidrovia region of South America, focusing on the Hidrovia river system, the main navigable river system in the region, and on cabotage trades along the south-eastern coast of South America. Navios Logistics is focused on providing its customers integrated transportation, storage and related services through its port facilities, its large, versatile fleet of dry and liquid cargo barges and its product tankers. Navios Logistics serves the needs of a number of growing South American industries, including mineral and grain commodity providers as well as users of refined petroleum products. As of June 30, 2021, Navios Holdings owned 63.8% of Navios Logistics’ stock.

Navios Partners

Navios Maritime Partners L.P. (“Navios Partners”) (NYSE: NMM) is an international owner and operator of dry cargo vessels and is engaged in the seaborne transportation services of a wide range of dry cargo commodities including iron ore, coal, grain, fertilizer and also containers, chartering its vessels under medium to longer-term charters.

As of June 30, 2021 and following the acquisition of Navios Maritime Containers L.P. (“Navios Containers”) by Navios Partners, referred to in Note 14, Navios Holdings had a 9.7% ownership interest in Navios Partners. Incentive distribution rights are held by a consolidated subsidiary of Navios Holdings.

On August 26, 2021, Navios Partners announced a definitive transaction agreement providing for a combination of Navios Partners and Navios Maritime Acquisition Corporation (“Navios Acquisition”). Please refer to Note 14.

Navios Containers

Navios Containers is an international owner and operator of containerships. As of December 31, 2020, Navios Holdings held a 3.9% ownership in Navios Containers. As of June 30, 2021, Navios Holdings had no equity investment in Navios Containers.

Navios Acquisition

Navios Acquisition (NYSE: NNA), is an owner and operator of tanker vessels focusing in the transportation of petroleum products (clean and dirty) and bulk liquid chemicals.

As of June 30, 2021, Navios Holdings had a 28.0% ownership interest in Navios Acquisition.

Navios Europe II

On February 18, 2015, Navios Holdings, Navios Acquisition and Navios Partners established Navios Europe (II) Inc. (“Navios Europe II”) and had economic interests of 47.5%, 47.5% and 5.0%, respectively and voting interests of 50%, 50% and 0%, respectively. Navios Europe II was engaged in the marine transportation industry through the ownership of seven dry bulk and seven containership vessels. On April 21, 2020, Navios Europe II and the lenders agreed to fully release the liabilities under the Junior Loan II for $5,000. The structure was liquidated in June 2020 (Refer to Note 9).

  F- 6  

NAVIOS MARITIME HOLDINGS INC.

 

UNAUDITED CONDENSED NOTES TO THE

 

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

(Expressed in thousands of U.S. dollars — except share data)

NOTE 2: SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES

 

(a) Basis of presentation:

The accompanying interim condensed consolidated financial statements are unaudited, but, in the opinion of management, reflect all adjustments for a fair statement of Navios Holdings’ consolidated balance sheets, statements of comprehensive income/(loss), statements of cash flows and statements of changes in equity for the periods presented. The results of operations for the interim periods are not necessarily indicative of results for the full year. The footnotes are condensed as permitted by the requirements for interim financial statements and accordingly, do not include information and disclosures required under United States generally accepted accounting principles (“U.S. GAAP”) for complete financial statements. All such adjustments are deemed to be of a normal recurring nature. These interim financial statements should be read in conjunction with the Company’s consolidated financial statements and notes included in Navios Holdings’ Annual Report for the year ended December 31, 2020 filed on Form 20-F with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”). 

 

 

Going concern

 

The interim condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared on a going concern basis.

As of June 30, 2021, Navios Holdings’ current assets totaled $206,295, while current liabilities excluding operating lease liabilities, current portion totaled $738,929, resulting in a negative working capital position of $532,634, primarily related to the classification as current of $83,259 of the 11.25% Senior Secured Notes (the “2022 Senior Secured Notes”) that were subsequently redeemed in July 2021, partly through the sale of the Navios Azimuth for $30,000 and partly through the $115.0 million NSM Loan (as defined herein) and $462,466 of the 7.375% First Priority Ship Mortgage Notes (the “2022 Notes”). As of June 30, 2021, the 2022 Notes have an outstanding amount of $462,466, maturing in January 2022. In August 2021, Navios Holdings repurchased $7,000 in par value of the 2022 Notes, resulting to a remaining outstanding balance of $455,466.

In June 2021, Navios Holdings entered into a supplemental indenture (the “Eighth Supplemental Indenture”) to amend the terms of the indenture governing its 2022 Senior Secured Notes following its receipt of consents from bondholders representing a majority in aggregate principal amount (the “Consenting Noteholders”) of the 2022 Senior Secured Notes. The Eighth Supplemental Indenture eliminates the Company’s obligation to make a springing maturity offer for the 2022 Senior Secured Notes following the pro rata redemption, at par, of $100,000 in aggregate principal amount of the 2022 Senior Secured Notes (the “Redemption”). The Redemption, which was funded through (i) the sale of a vessel pledged as collateral in respect of the 2022 Senior Secured Notes and (ii) the borrowing of $75,264 from Navios Shipmanagement Holdings Corporation, a wholly owned subsidiary of NSM (the “$115.0 million NSM Loan”), was completed on July 23, 2021. In September 2021, Navios Holdings issued a notice of redemption with respect to an aggregate principal amount of $20,000 at par of the 2022 Senior Secured Notes with redemption date being September 13, 2021. After these redemptions, $185,000 in aggregate principal amount of the 2022 Senior Secured Notes remain outstanding which mature in August 2022.

Although Navios Holdings is currently attempting to address the upcoming maturities of the 2022 Notes and the 2022 Senior Secured Notes and create additional liquidity to fund working capital requirements through the sale of assets and refinancing plans, there can be no assurance Navios Holdings will be successful in such attempts or that any such attempts will be consummated on terms satisfactory to the Company, or at all. Therefore, there is substantial doubt about the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern for the 12- month period from the date of issuance of these consolidated financial statements. In the meantime, Navios Holdings’ internal forecasts and projections indicate that Navios Holdings will generate sufficient cash to make the required principal and interest payments on its borrowings (excluding the above upcoming maturity payments) and provide for the normal working capital requirements of the business for a period of at least 12 months from the date of issuance of these unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements. The unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements do not include any adjustments that might result from the outcome of these uncertainties.

(b) Principles of consolidation:

The accompanying interim condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Navios Holdings, a Marshall Islands corporation, and its majority owned subsidiaries. All significant intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated in the consolidated statements.

 

  F- 7  

NAVIOS MARITIME HOLDINGS INC.

 

UNAUDITED CONDENSED NOTES TO THE

 

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

(Expressed in thousands of U.S. dollars — except share data)

Subsidiaries: Subsidiaries are those entities in which the Company has an interest of more than one half of the voting rights or otherwise has power to govern the financial and operating policies. The acquisition method of accounting is used to account for the acquisition of subsidiaries. The cost of an acquisition is measured as the fair value of the assets given up, shares issued or liabilities undertaken at the date of acquisition. The excess of the cost of acquisition over the fair value of the net assets acquired and liabilities assumed is recorded as goodwill. All subsidiaries included in the interim condensed consolidated financial statements are 100% owned, except for Navios Logistics, which is 63.8% owned by Navios Holdings.

Investments in Affiliate Companies: Affiliate companies are entities over which the Company generally has between 20% and 50% of the voting rights, or over which the Company has significant influence, but it does not exercise control. Investments in these entities are accounted for under the equity method of accounting. Under this method the Company records an investment in the stock of an affiliate company at cost, and adjusts the carrying amount for its share of the earnings or losses of the affiliate company subsequent to the date of investment and reports the recognized earnings or losses in income. Dividends received from an affiliate company reduce the carrying amount of the investment. The Company recognizes gains and losses in earnings for the issuance of shares by its affiliate companies, provided that the issuance of shares qualifies as a sale of shares. When the Company’s share of losses in an affiliate company equals or exceeds its interest in the affiliate company, the Company does not recognize further losses, unless the Company has incurred obligations or made payments on behalf of the affiliate company.

Affiliate companies included in the financial statements accounted for under the equity method: In the interim condensed consolidated financial statements of Navios Holdings, the following entities are included as affiliate companies and are accounted for under the equity method for such periods: (i) Navios Partners and its subsidiaries (ownership interest as of June 30, 2021 was 9.7%); Navios Acquisition and its subsidiaries (ownership interest as of June 30, 2021 was 28.0%); (iii) Navios Containers and its subsidiaries (ownership interest through Navios Partners’ Merger, as defined herein, in March 2021 was 3.9%); and (iv) Navios Europe II and its subsidiaries (economic interest through liquidation in June 2020 was 47.5%).

 

(c) Revenue Recognition:

 

 

Revenue is recognized when (or as) the Company transfers promised goods or services to its customers in amounts that reflect the consideration to which the company expects to be entitled to in exchange for those goods or services, which occurs when (or as) the Company satisfies its contractual obligations and transfers control of the promised goods or services to its customers. Revenues are recognized to depict the transfer of promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the entity expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. In determining the appropriate amount of revenue to be recognized as it fulfills its obligations under its agreements, the Company performs the following steps: (i) identification of the promised goods or services in the contract; (ii) determination of whether the promised goods or services are performance obligations, including whether they are distinct in the context of the contract; (iii) measurement of the transaction price, including the constraint on variable consideration; (iv) allocation of the transaction price to the performance obligations based on estimated selling prices; and (v) recognition of revenue when (or as) the Company satisfies each performance obligation.

Voyage revenues for the transportation of cargo are recognized ratably over the estimated relative transit time of each voyage. A voyage is deemed to commence when a vessel arrives at the loading port, as applicable under the contract, and is deemed to end upon the completion of the discharge of the current cargo. Under a voyage charter, a vessel is provided for the transportation of specific goods between specific ports in return for payment of an agreed upon freight per ton of cargo.

Revenues are recorded net of address commissions. Address commissions represent a discount provided directly to the charterers based on a fixed percentage of the agreed upon charter rate. Since address commissions represent a discount (sales incentive) on services rendered by the Company and no identifiable benefit is received in exchange for the consideration provided to the charterer, these commissions are presented as a reduction of revenue.

Revenue from contracts of affreightment (“COA”)/voyage contracts relating to our barges are recognized ratably over the estimated relative transit time of each voyage. A voyage is deemed to commence upon the barge’s arrival at the loading port, as applicable under the contract, and is deemed to end upon the completion of discharge under the current voyage. The percentage of transit time is based on the days traveled as of the balance sheet date divided by the total days expected for the voyage. The position of the barge at the balance sheet date is determined by the days traveled as of the balance sheet date over the total voyage of the pushboat having the barge in tow. Revenue arising from contracts that provide our customers with continuous access to convoy capacity is recognized ratably over the period of the contracts.

Demurrage income represents payments made by the charterer to the vessel owner when loading or discharging time exceeds the stipulated time in the voyage charter and is recognized as it is earned.

  F- 8  

NAVIOS MARITIME HOLDINGS INC.

 

UNAUDITED CONDENSED NOTES TO THE

 

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

(Expressed in thousands of U.S. dollars — except share data)

 The Company recognizes revenue ratably from the vessel’s/barge’s arrival at the loading port, as applicable under the contract, to when the charterer’s cargo is discharged as well as defer costs that meet the definition of “costs to fulfill a contract” and relate directly to the contract.

Revenues from time chartering and bareboat chartering of vessels and barges are accounted for as operating leases and are thus recognized on a straight line basis as the average revenue over the rental periods of such charter agreements as service is performed, except for loss generating time charters, in which case the loss is recognized in the period when such loss is determined. A time charter involves placing a vessel or barge at the charterer’s disposal for a period of time during which the charterer uses the vessel in return for the payment of a specified daily hire rate. Short period charters for less than three months are referred to as spot-charters. Charters extending three months to a year are generally referred to as medium-term charters. All other charters are considered long-term. Under time charters, operating costs such as for crews, maintenance and insurance are typically paid by the owner of the vessel.

For vessels operating in pooling arrangements, the Company earns a portion of total revenues generated by the pool, net of expenses incurred by the pool. The amount allocated to each pool participant vessel, including the Company’s vessels, is determined in accordance with an agreed-upon formula, which is determined by margins awarded to each vessel in the pool based on the vessel’s age, design and other performance characteristics. Revenue under pooling arrangements is accounted for on the accrual basis and is recognized in the period in which the variability is resolved. The allocation of such net revenue may be subject to future adjustments by the pool; however, such changes are not expected to be material.

Revenues from dry port terminal operations consist of an agreed flat fee per ton and cover the services performed to unload barges (or trucks), transfer the product into silos or the stockpiles for temporary storage and then loading the ocean-going vessels. Revenues are recognized upon completion of loading the ocean-going vessels. Revenue arising from contracts that provide our customers with continuous access to port terminal storage and transshipment capacity is recognized ratably over the period of the contracts. Additionally, fees are charged for vessel dockage and for storage time in excess of contractually specified terms. Dockage revenues are recognized ratably up to completion of loading as the performance obligation is met evenly over the loading period. Storage fees are assessed and recognized at the point when the product remains in the silo storage beyond the contractually agreed time allowed. Storage fee revenue is recognized ratably over the storage period and ends when the product is loaded onto the ocean-going vessel.

Revenues from liquid port terminal consist mainly of sales of petroleum products in the Paraguayan market and revenues from liquid port operations. Revenues from liquid port terminal operations consist of an agreed flat fee per cubic meter or a fixed rate over a specific period to cover the services performed to unload barges, transfer the products into the tanks for temporary storage and then loading the trucks. Revenues that consist of an agreed flat fee per cubic meter are recognized upon completion of loading the trucks. Revenues from liquid port terminal operations that consist of a fixed rate over a specific period are recognized ratably over the storage period as the performance obligation is met evenly over time, ending when the product is loaded onto the trucks.

Expenses related to our revenue-generating contracts are recognized as incurred.

The following tables reflect the revenue earned per category for the three and six month periods ended June 30, 2021 and 2020:

 

    Dry Bulk Vessel Operations
for the
Three Month Period Ended
June 30, 2021
  Logistics Business for the
Three Month Period Ended
June 30, 2021
  Total for the Three Month Period Ended
June 30, 2021
COA/Voyage revenue   $ 2,803   $ 21,897   $ 24,700
Time chartering revenue   $ 83,064   $ 11,106   $ 94,170
Port terminal revenue   $ —     $ 21,342   $ 21,342
Storage fees (dry port) revenue   $ —     $ 16   $ 16
Dockage revenue   $ —     $ 1,282   $ 1,282
Sale of products revenue   $ —     $ 315   $ 315
Liquid port terminal revenue   $ —     $ 1,216   $ 1,216
Other   $ 186   $ 397   $ 583
Total   $ 86,053   $ 57,571   $ 143,624

 

  F- 9  

NAVIOS MARITIME HOLDINGS INC.

 

UNAUDITED CONDENSED NOTES TO THE

 

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

(Expressed in thousands of U.S. dollars — except share data)

 

 

    Dry Bulk Vessel Operations
for the
Three Month Period Ended
June 30, 2020
  Logistics Business for the
Three Month Period Ended
June 30, 2020
  Total for the Three Month Period Ended
June 30, 2020
COA/Voyage revenue   $ 2,793   $ 14,496   $ 17,289
Time chartering revenue   $ 35,680   $ 16,286   $ 51,966
Port terminal revenue   $ —     $ 21,636   $ 21,636
Storage fees (dry port) revenue   $ —     $ 19   $ 19
Dockage revenue   $ —     $ 1,476   $ 1,476
Sale of products revenue   $ —     $ 3,409   $ 3,409
Liquid port terminal revenue   $ —     $ 1,271   $ 1,271
Other   $ (171)   $ 232   $ 61
Total   $ 38,302   $ 58,825   $ 97,127

 

    Dry Bulk Vessel Operations
for the
Six Month Period Ended
June 30, 2021
  Logistics Business for the
Six Month Period Ended
June 30, 2021
  Total for the Six Month Period Ended
June 30, 2021
COA/Voyage revenue   $ 8,016   $ 39,482   $ 47,498
Time chartering revenue   $ 141,317   $ 21,973   $ 163,290
Port terminal revenue   $ —     $ 40,925   $ 40,925
Storage fees (dry port) revenue   $ —     $ 124   $ 124
Dockage revenue   $ —     $ 1,880   $ 1,880
Sale of products revenue   $ —     $ 3,495   $ 3,495
Liquid port terminal revenue   $ —     $ 2,448   $ 2,448
Other   $ 448   $ 467   $ 915
Total   $ 149,781